Exploring the social acceptance of renewable energy technologies:

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2. Energy and development. Energy and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - energy is thought to underpin many of the objectives (Modi, 2006)There are an estimated 100 million people living in Latin America without access to electricity (Smith, 2000). 3. Renewable energy as the solution?. Energy reforms and privatisations across Latin America have often favoured large scale, fossil fuel consuming utilitiesEnsuing

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Exploring the social acceptance of renewable energy technologies:

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1. the case of Central America Exploring the social acceptance of renewable energy technologies:

2. 2 Energy and development Energy and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - energy is thought to underpin many of the objectives (Modi, 2006) There are an estimated 100 million people living in Latin America without access to electricity (Smith, 2000)

3. 3 Renewable energy as the solution? Energy reforms and privatisations across Latin America have often favoured large scale, fossil fuel consuming utilities Ensuing “oil addiction”, energy crises and disconnection Many communities are still unelectrified, living “off grid” Micro-scale renewable energy technologies: providing small scale solutions to energy poverty in the most remote regions?

4. 4 Technology acceptance Deficit in the literature on the “social acceptance” of renewable energies in a developing world context Case studies – generally focus on the European experience of large scale technologies, where alternatives are available Assumptions of technology being “static” and “bounded”, where transfer is linear (Akrich, 1992)

5. 5 Central America 8.2 million people without access to electricity - 6.3 million are concentrated within just three countries; Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua (CEPAL, 2007) Low electrification rates Distinction with Costa Rica Various projects established to install micro-scale RE technologies

6. 6

7. 7 Aims and Objectives Explore notions of the social acceptance of renewable energy technologies in rural Central American communities To what extent have groups accepted RE technologies as an appropriate response to energy poverty? Explore barriers to acceptance

8. 8 Proposed methods Fieldwork: 8 – 10 months in Nicaragua and Honduras Visiting a series of projects across the region, conducting focus groups, interviews, surveys

9. 9 Any questions? Contact: [email protected]

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