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Renaissance Art & Writing. European Renaissance & Reformation. Classical & Worldly values. Humanism : movement which focuses on human potential & achievements Secular : worldly rather than spiritual; concerned with the here & now Patrons of the arts financially supported artists.

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European renaissance reformation

Renaissance Art & Writing

European Renaissance & Reformation


Classical worldly values
Classical & Worldly values

  • Humanism: movement which focuses on human potential & achievements

  • Secular: worldly rather than spiritual; concerned with the here & now

  • Patrons of the arts financially supported artists


Renaissance writers change literature
Renaissance writers change literature

  • Writing in the vernacular: native language instead of Latin

    • Influential writers in Italy include Dante, Petrarch

    • Niccolo Machiavelli writesThe Prince: examines how a ruler can gain & keep power

Everyone thinks I’m a jerk! But I’m not!


The northern renaissance
The Northern Renaissance

  • Northern writers try to reform society

    • Desiderius Erasmus & Thomas More = Christian humanists

    • Thomas More writes Utopia: tries to show a better model of society


Printing press spreads ideas
Printing Press spreads ideas

  • Johann Gutenberg develops a printing press with new technologies

    • Printing press makes it possible to produce books quickly & cheaply

I have two beards in one!


  • Changes in Society

    • Printing made information available & inexpensive for society at large

    • Availability of books prompted increased desire for learning & a rise in literacy throughout Europe

    • Published accounts of maps, discoveries, & charts led to further discoveries

    • Published legal proceedings made laws clear so people could understand their rights

    • Christian humanists’ attempts to reform society changed views about how life should be lived

    • People began to question political structures & religious practices


The Legacy of the Renaissance

  • Changes in the Arts

    • Art drew on techniques & styles of classical Greece & Rome

    • Paintings & sculptures portrayed individuals & nature in more lifelike ways

    • Artists created works that were secular as well as works that were religious

    • Writers began to use vernacular languages to express their ideas

    • The arts praised individual achievement


Characteristics 1 realism expression
Characteristics: 1. Realism & Expression

  • Expulsion fromthe Garden

  • Masaccio

  • 1427

  • First nudes sinceclassical times.


2 perspective
2. Perspective

  • The Trinity

  • Masaccio

  • 1427

First use of linear perspective!


3 classicism
3. Classicism

  • Greco-Roman influence.

  • Secularism.

  • Humanism.

  • Individualism  free standing figures.

  • Symmetry/Balance

The “Classical Pose”Medici “Venus”


4 selfies

Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino

Pierodella Francesca, 1465-1466.

4. Selfies


5 geometrical arrangement of figures
5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures

  • The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate

  • Leonardo da Vinci

  • 1469

  • The figure as architecture!


How do you know if an artwork is good
How do you know if an artwork is good?

  • Use the 4 steps in art criticism.

    • Description

    • Analysis

    • Interpretation

    • Evaluation


While viewing artwork ask yourself
While viewing artwork ask yourself….

  • What do I see? (Description)

  • How is the work organized? (Analysis)

  • What is the artist saying? (Interpretation)

  • In this a successful work of art? (Judgment)


1 description what do i see
1.) Description (What do I See?)

  • Make a list of all the things you see in the work.

  • You must be objective, list only the facts.

  • Include the size of the work and medium used, color, line, shading, focal point etc.

American Gothic, 1930; Oil on beaverboard; 74.3 x 62.4 cm; Friends of American Art Collection, 1930.934


2 analysis how is the work organized
2.) Analysis (How is the work organized?)

  • You are still collecting facts, however, attention is paid to the elements and principles.

  • You discover how the work is organized.


3 interpretation what is the artist saying
3.) Interpretation(What is the artist saying?)

  • You will explain or tell the meaning or mood of the work. It is in this step that you can make guesses.


4 judgment is this a successful work of art
4.) Judgment(Is this a successful work of art?)

  • You determine the degree of artistic merit.

  • This is the time to give your opinions.


Homework yes it will be checked graded
HOMEWORK…..Yes It Will Be Checked & Graded

Part 1: Go to Biography.com

List 4 facts about each painter on the back of your chart

Part 2 Go to http://www.artcyclopedia.com/

Pick ONE of the famous paintings/sculptures today & give the history behind it!


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