Research methods in psychology
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Research Methods in Psychology. Review for Exam 1. Question 1. The kind of everyday, nonscientific data gathering that shapes our beliefs and directs our behavior toward others has been called _________________. nonscientific inference commonsense psychology commonsense inference

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Research Methods in Psychology

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Research methods in psychology

Research Methods in Psychology

Review for Exam 1


Question 1

Question 1

  • The kind of everyday, nonscientific data gathering that shapes our beliefs and directs our behavior toward others has been called _________________.

    • nonscientific inference

    • commonsense psychology

    • commonsense inference

    • nonscientific psychology

    • quasiexperimental psychology


Question 2

Question 2

  • Which hypothesis is actually tested using inferential statistics such as the t-test?

    • research hypothesis

    • experimental hypothesis

    • alternative hypothesis

    • null hypothesis

    • Both c and d


Question 3

Question 3

  • The principle of modus tollens is also called ______________:

    • Law of parsimony

    • Law of effect

    • Occam’s razor blade

    • Method of verification

    • none of the above


Question 4

Question 4

  • The research of HendrikSchon resulted in _________________.

    • a prolific rate of very useful publications

    • grey goo

    • Mistakes that were satisfactorily corrected

    • An independent investigation

    • Replicable data sets


Question 5

Question 5

  • The idea that statements may be proven false by a single, contrary observation; whereas, statements can never be proven to be true is called modus tollens or _________________.

    • bad science

    • good thinking

    • procedure of falsification

    • Occam’s razor

    • law of parsimony


Question 6

Question 6

  • Part of the scientific approach that can be particularly important when findings have important implications (e.g., in the case of cold fusion) or directly contradict current conventional wisdom is called _________________.

    • observation

    • duplication

    • falsification

    • replication

    • remediation


Question 7

Question 7

  • The word ‘science’ has two connotations, __________ and __________.

    • content; process

    • cause; effect

    • induction; deduction

    • inference; relation

    • formal; informal


Question 8

Question 8

  • Which of the following groups is concerned with the ethics of human research studies?

    • ILAR

    • AAALAC

    • IACUC

    • IRB

    • All of the above


Question 9

Question 9

  • The following goal is included in the concept of “informed consent”:

    • individuals must give their consent freely

    • individuals must be free to drop out of the study at any time

    • researchers must give subjects a full explanation of the procedures

    • researcher must make clear the potential risks and benefits of the study

    • all of the above


Question 10

Question 10

  • One advantage of laboratory experiments in comparison to other research methods is the greater degree of control over the experimental situation. As a result, laboratory experiments typically have greater __________.

    • internal validity

    • external validity

    • realism

    • generalization

    • observation


Question 11

Question 11

  • A ___________________ study includes a between-groups design that is an alternative to the within-subject design of longitudinal studies.

    • ex post facto

    • pretest/posttest

    • path analysis

    • crossed-lagged panel

    • cross-sectional


Question 12

Question 12

  • One of the first kinds of data we collect about others comes in the form of _________________.

    • traits we assign to them

    • random thoughts

    • projected characteristics that we possess

    • objective expectancies

    • Preconceptual science


Question 13

Question 13

  • A field experiment may have a high level of ______________.

    • Imposition of units

    • Antecedent manipulation

    • Internal validity

    • External validity

    • Both c and d


Question 14

Question 14

  • Which of the following is a correlational method of causal modeling _______________.

    • Path analysis

    • crossed-sectional analysis

    • Ex post factoid

    • Cross-sagged camel design

    • longitudinal


Question 15

Question 15

  • The study comparing Fri the 6th to Fri the 13th was a _______________.

    • longitudinal study

    • crossed-sectional study

    • ex post facto study

    • retrospective study

    • archival study


Answers

Answers

  • B

  • D

  • E

  • D

  • C

  • D

  • A

  • D

9) E

10) A

11) E

12) A

13) E

14) A

15) E


Bonus question 1

Bonus Question 1

Which research design uses beta weights from multiple regression analysis to generate possible direction of cause and effect from correlated variables

  • Factor analysis

  • Multiple correlation

  • Path analysis

  • Crossed-lagged Panel


Bonus question 2

Bonus Question 2

Which research design measures the same pair of variables at two different points in time and looks at patterns of correlations across time for possible direction of cause and effect

  • Factor analysis

  • Multiple correlation

  • Path analysis

  • Crossed-lagged Panel


Bonus question 3

Bonus Question 3

Which research design determines subsets of correlated variables within a larger set of variables

  • Factor analysis

  • Multiple regression

  • Multiple correlation

  • Linear regression


Bonus question 4

Bonus Question 4

Which research design determines subsets of correlated variables within a larger set of variables

  • Factor analysis

  • Multiple regression

  • Multiple correlation

  • Linear regression


Bonus question 5

Bonus Question 5

Which research design uses regression equation to predict the scores on one variable from the scores on sets of other variables

  • Factor analysis

  • Multiple regression

  • Multiple correlation

  • Linear regression


Bonus question 6

Bonus Question 6

Which research design explores characteristics, behaviors, or effects of naturally occurring events in preexisting groups of subjects

  • Ex Post Facto

  • Nonequivalent Groups

  • Longitudinal

  • Cross-sectional


Bonus question 7

Bonus Question 7

Which research design investigates changes across time by measuring the behavior of the same group of subjects at different points in time

  • Ex Post Facto

  • Nonequivalent Groups

  • Longitudinal

  • Cross-sectional


Bonus question 8

Bonus Question 8

Which research design investigates changes across time by comparing groups of subjects already at different stages at a single point in time.

  • Ex Post Facto

  • Nonequivalent Groups

  • Longitudinal

  • Cross-sectional


Bonus question 9

Bonus Question 9

Which research design compares effects of different treatment conditions on preexisting groups of subjects.

  • Ex Post Facto

  • Nonequivalent Groups

  • Longitudinal

  • Pretest-posttest


Bonus question 10

Bonus Question 10

Which research design explores the effects of an event (or treatment) by comparing behavior before and after the event (or treatment).

  • Ex Post Facto

  • Nonequivalent Groups

  • Longitudinal

  • Pretest-posttest


Answers to bonus questions

Answers to bonus questions

Can be found on pages 142 and 153 of M&H.


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