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The French Revolution 1789-1791. By: Susan M. Pojer and Elizabeth Atchison. The French Monarchy: 1775 - 1793. Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI. Marie Antoinette and the Royal Children. Let Them Eat Cake! . Marie Antoinette NEVER said that, but it was somewhat her attitude

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The French Revolution

1789-1791

By: Susan M. Pojer and Elizabeth Atchison


The French Monarchy:1775 - 1793

Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI


Marie Antoinette and the Royal Children


Let Them Eat Cake!

  • Marie Antoinette NEVER said that, but it was somewhat her attitude

  • “Madame Deficit”

  • “The Austrian Whore”





Financial Problemsin France, 1789

  • Urban Commoner’sBudget:

    • Food 80%

    • Rent 25%

    • Tithe 10%

    • Taxes 35%

    • Clothing 20%

    • TOTAL 170%

  • King’s Budget:

    • Interest 50%

    • Army 25%

    • Versailles 25%

    • Coronation 10%

    • Loans 25%

    • Admin. 25%

    • TOTAL 160%





The Suggested Voting Pattern:Voting by Estates

Clergy

1st Estate

1

Aristocracy

2nd Estate

1

1

Commoners

3rd Estate


The Number of Representativesin the Estates General: Vote by Head!

Clergy

1st Estate

300

Aristocracy

2nd Estate

300

648

Commoners

3rd Estate


Convening the Estates General May, 1789

Last time it was called into session was 1614!



Problems leading to the revolution2

Problems leading to the Revolution

# 3- The quest for equality



“The Tennis Court Oath”by Jacques Louis David

June 20, 1789


Problems leading to the revolution3

Problems leading to the Revolution

#4- Absolute power for the King


Lettres de Cachet

  • The French king could warrantimprisonment or death in asigned letter under his seal.

  • A carte-blanche warrant.

  • Cardinal Fleury issued 80,000during the reign of Louis XV!

  • Eliminated in 1790.


The people take action july 14
The People Take Action July 14

  • The Storming of the Bastille-

    • Rumors started that the King was trying to get rid of the National Assembly

    • People gathered weapons to defend themselves

    • Charged into the Bastille, a prison

    • Killed guards and released political prisoners

    • This event is remembered like our July 4th



The great fear peasant revolt
The Great Fear:Peasant Revolt

July 20, 1789

As the poor around France heard about the turmoil in Paris, attacks started in other areas against the rich

Louis 16th was called for by the people to leave Versailles and come to Paris

DOOM!


March of the Women, October 5-6, 1789

Anger over BREAD

We want the baker, the baker’s wife and the baker’s boy!


National Constituent Assembly1789 - 1791

Liberté!

Egalité!

Fraternité!

August DecreesAugust 4-11, 1789

The Battle Cry of the Poor

  • Equality & Meritocracy


The Tricolor (1789)

The WHITE of the Bourbons + the RED & BLUE of Paris.

Citizen!






The Confiscation of Church Lands

Church lands were taken and sold to pay off French debts 1790


Assignats

  • New Money Issued by the National Constituent Assembly.


Louis xvi and his family try to escape
Louis XVI and His Family Try to Escape

  • When Louis was called for to Paris, he was advised his family was in danger

  • They tried to make a run for it to the Netherlands

  • They are captured and brought to France, and now are HATED even more!


Louis xvi accepts the constitution the national assembly 1791
Louis XVI “Accepts” the Constitution & the National Assembly. 1791

  • He is forced to accept the new rules to how he will govern

  • Many of his rights are taken away

  • Much money and power is taken away

  • This is the beginning of the end for Louis


The French Constitution of 1791:

A Bourgeois Government

  • The king got the “suspensive” veto [which prevented the passage of laws for 4 years].* he could not pass laws.* his ministers were responsible for their actions.

  • A permanent, elected, single chamber National Assembly.* had the power to grant taxation.

    • AND

    • Represented more of the people!


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