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Farmer First Revisited 12 – 14 December 2007 at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK Presentation, Theme 2b, The Future of Extension Discussant: Rob Tripp (ODI). WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF EXTENSION?. Qi Gubo. Farmer centred research in China

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Farmer First Revisited

12 – 14 December 2007

at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK

Presentation, Theme 2b, The Future of Extension

Discussant: Rob Tripp (ODI)


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WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF EXTENSION?

  • Qi Gubo. Farmer centred research in China

  • Amanuel Asefa. Farmer-led innovation in Ethiopia

  • Paul Van Mele. Role of IARCs in strengthening extension

  • Hlamalani Ngwenya and Jurgen Hagmann. Facilitation for change in South Africa

  • Richard Ewbank et al. Farmer participatory research in northern Tanzania

  • Niels Rolling and Janice Jiggins. Trans-disciplinary science and resource-poor farmers

  • Ahmad Salahuddin. Values in agricultural research and development

  • Yunita Winarto. Farmer field schools in Indonesia


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Some Definitions for a Discussion of Extension

  • Public extension. Centralized, deconcentrated, devolved, or delegated.

  • Private extension (strict definition)

  • NGOs (need to distinguish various types)

  • Farmer organizations (ditto)

  • Farmer-to-farmer (strict definition)


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An Approach to the Discussion

The role of institutions

Useful to distinguish three themes:

  • The organization of the extension provider

  • The techniques and methods used for extension

  • The organization of the extension users


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1. The Organization of the Providers

  • Incentives. Accountability and evaluation

  • Scale. How to move beyond small projects; the role of government; “scaling up”

  • Multiple extension sources. The appropriate mix; can you have too many?

  • Links to research


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2. Methods and Techniques

  • Nuts and bolts. Experience of this workshop

  • Need to ask which methods for which types of extension provision, and for what types of recipients

  • How to evaluate these methods and learn from experience


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3. The Organization of the Recipients

Not (necessarily) about formal farmer organizations. Rather issues such as:

  • How to establish demand-led systems; empowerment, choice

  • Feedback and iteration. (If extension is like a conversation)

  • Modalities in rural organization that can accommodate small, ephemeral groups and projects

  • Clearinghouses for information from different sources


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