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Hindi 1: lesson 3b. स्वास्थ्य sv āsthya nm. health (Sanskrit). संयुक्त अक्षर saṃyukt akṣar conjunct characters. संयुक्त अक्षर conjunct characters.

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hindi 1 lesson 3b
Hindi 1: lesson 3b

स्वास्थ्य

svāsthya nm. health (Sanskrit)

संयुक्त अक्षर saṃyukt akṣarconjunct characters

conjunct characters
संयुक्त अक्षर conjunct characters
  • We will follow the book looking at the ways in which characters can take forms which show that they are not followed by the inherent ‘a’ sound in a Hindi consonant.
  • We will look at the different varieties.
  • You don’t have to remember them all!
  • You just need to see how the most common conjunct characters look like
slide3
आपका घर X में है?
  • Walk around showing each other the paper on which you have written where you live and try to read what is on the other persons paper and then say:
  • आपका घर [place] में है? āpkā ghar X mẽ hai?
  • and reply (if they are right):
  • मेरा घर बुकिट बटोह में है।merā ghar X mẽ hai
  • if they are wrong tell them so and the correct pronunciation of the place name
first group ka pha fa
First group क ka & फpha/fa

क्या kyā what

मुफ़्त muft free

  • Drop hook on right side
second group kha etc
Second group: ख ख्‍kha etc.
  • Drop vertical stroke on right side
third group the nasal consonants a a a na and ma
Third group: the nasal consonants ङ ṅaञ ñaण ṇaन na and म ma
  • Mostly a dot above headstroke
  • ङ ञ dot above, पंखा paṅkhā nm. fan
  • ण dot or half, अण्डा / अंडा aṇḍā nm. egg
  • न dot or half, सुंदर / सुन्दर sundar beautiful
  • म dot or half, चम्मचcammac nm. spoon
  • See textbook for details of common practices in relation to म and न
fourth group rounded characters a ha a ha da and ha
Fourth group: rounded characters: ट ṭaठ ṭhaड ḍaढ ḍhaद da and ह ha
  • Can pile on top of each other

चिट्ठी or चिट्ठी ciṭṭhī nf. letter.छुट्टी orछुट्टी chuṭṭī nf. holiday.लड्डू or लड्डू laḍḍū nm. laddu

कद्दू or कद्दूkaddū nm. pumpkin

  • ह ha characters combine inside (rare)

चिह्न or चिह्न cihn nm. sign.

ब्राह्मणbrāhmaṇ nm. Brahman.

exceptions
Exceptions
  • Have distinct shapes when combined, for instance:
n ames of indian places
भारतीय जगहों के नामNames of Indian places
  • Activity: You will be given a map of North India. The aim is to find place names on it which have conjunct characters in them. Working as groups
  • Group 1: Uttar Pradesh
  • Group 2: Madhya Pradesh & Chattisgarh
  • Group 3: West Bengal and Bangladesh
  • Group 4: Rajasthan, Haryana, Panjab
  • Group 5: Himachal, Uttaranchal, Nepal
  • Groups share their findings with the class.
top five
जागरण याहू टॉप पाँच top five
  • Activity: you will be given the top five listings from the Jagaran Yahoo India site.
  • We will work as four groups.
  • Group 1: what are the top films?
  • Group 2: what are the top songs?
  • Group 3: what are the top albums?
  • Group 4: what are the other Hindi words?
  • Groups share their findings with the class.
listening comprehension
सुनना और समझनाListening Comprehension
  • We will listen to a passage
  • Then you have to write down the answers to some questions about the passage
  • Then we will discuss as a class what the possible answers might be.
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