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IMMUNIZATIONS. HEALTHROOM ASSISTANT TRAINING 2013-2014 Cheri Dotson, SFPS Lead Nurse [email protected] Immunization Protection is for Everyone. Infants & Children Teens Adults & Older Adults 1 shot protects you and others. They prevent common infections

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immunizations

IMMUNIZATIONS

HEALTHROOM ASSISTANT TRAINING

2013-2014

Cheri Dotson, SFPS Lead Nurse

[email protected]

immunization protection is for everyone
Immunization Protection is for Everyone
  • Infants & Children
  • Teens
  • Adults & Older Adults
  • 1 shot protects you and others
immunizations are important because
They prevent common infections

They prevent infections from returning

They prevent infections a plane ride away

Some diseases have no cure

Immunizations are Important Because…
immunizations prevent disease
Immunizations Prevent Disease
  • They target diseases that are contagious
  • But they are not for all diseases
vaccines are safe
Vaccines are Safe
  • 1st define “Safe”

Harmless versus preserving from danger

vaccines are safe safety standards
Vaccines are Safe – Safety Standards
  • Who decides what vaccines are needed?
  • What kind of safety standards are there?
  • Examples of safety monitoring:
    • Rotavirus vaccine
    • Thimerosol
    • Pneumococcal vaccine
    • Others
safety and side effects
Safety and Side Effects
  • Vaccine reaction
  • Vaccine potentiated
  • Programmatic error
  • Coincidental
  • Serious side effects
  • Benefits outweigh risks
vaccine myths facts
Misconceptions

The media

Lack of knowledge

Myths about vaccines

Vaccine Myths (& Facts)

Examples of the roots of myths…

vaccine myth fact vaccines weaken the immune system
Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Weaken the Immune System
  • Vaccines are weak
  • Vaccines actually strengthen the immune system
vaccine myth fact natural infection is better
Vaccine Myth & Fact: Natural Infection Is Better
  • There are significant risks with natural infections such as death, hearing loss, mental retardation, sterility, and arthritis.
  • Secondary infections also occur.
vaccine myth fact vaccines cause autism
Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause Autism
  • Vaccine of concern: MMR
  • 1998 Wakefield study has been refuted
vaccine myth fact vaccines cause diabetes
Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause Diabetes
  • Vaccine of concern: Haemophilus Influenzae type B (Hib) & others
  • Evidence does not support this
vaccine myth fact vaccines cause sids ms
Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause SIDS & MS
  • Vaccine of concern: Hepatitis B
  • SIDS rates have actually decreased
  • MS rates remain the same
vaccine myth fact you can get the flu from the vaccine
Vaccine Myth & Fact: You Can Get the Flu from the Vaccine
  • Vaccine of concern: Influenza
  • Vaccine is a killed virus – can’t cause flu (shots vs. Flu Mist)
  • Vaccine is not 100% effective, so possible to still catch the flu
summary of vaccine safety issues
Summary of Vaccine Safety Issues
  • Risk of diseases versus risk of vaccines
  • Vaccines prevent disease
  • Vaccines are “Safe”
  • Understand what is behind a myth or concern
nm law requires that all students must be immunized against certain communicable diseases
NMLAW REQUIRES THAT ALL STUDENTS MUST BE IMMUNIZED AGAINST CERTAIN COMMUNICABLE DISEASES.
  • Requirements determined by NM DOH
  • Shot record on enrollment
  • Dates: month, day, year
  • In-process
  • Exemptions (www.health.state.nm.us, families/kids, immunization schedules- recommendations, exemptions, NM form)
in process
IN PROCESS
  • A child whose immunizations are not up-to-date but who has received all immunizations permissible at the current date.
  • Scheduled appointment.
  • If out of school longer than five consecutive days for noncompliance, call the local DHO.
exemptions
EXEMPTIONS

Medical:

Statement or certificate signed by a licensed physician or certified nurse practitioner (length of time depends on MD note).

Notarized Certification of Religious Exemption (1 school year)

immunizations required
Immunizations Required
  • Diphtheria
  • Pertussis
  • Tetanus
  • Polio
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Hepatitis B
  • Varicella
non required immunizations
Non-Required Immunizations
  • Hib
  • Hepatitis A
  • Pneumococcal
  • Meningococcal
  • HPV - Human papillomavirus
reading immunization schedule
READING IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE
  • Have CURRENT schedule.
  • Must know child’s birth date and today’s date.
  • Four day grace period allowed.
  • Confer with nurse on questionable immunizations.
dob 10 22 2007
DOB 10/22/2007
  • DTP 12/22/07 2/24/07 5/15/08

12/22/08 11/1/11

  • Polio 12/22/07 2/24/08 11/1/11
  • HIB 12/22/07 2/24/08 11/1/11
  • MMR 5/6/09 11/1/11
  • HepB 10/23/07 12/22/07 2/24/08
  • Varicella 5/6/09 11/1/11
dob 5 4 2008
DOB 5/4/2008
  • DTP 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09
  • Polio 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09
  • HIB 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09
  • MMR 11/9/09
  • HepB 5/5/08 7/22/08 2/25/09
  • Varicella 11/9/09
dob 6 13 02
DOB 6/13/02
  • DTP 12/5/02 3/15/03 2/12/43
  • Polio 12/5/02 3/15/03 2/12/04
  • HIB
  • MMR 3/15/03
  • HepB
  • Varicella Hx of disease
dob 8 9 2007
DOB 8/9/2007
  • DPT 10/3/07 12/3/07 2/10/08

11/10/08 7/26/12

  • Polio 10/3/07 11/10/08 7/26/12
  • HIB 10/3/07 12/3/07 02/10/08 11/10/08
  • MMR 11/10/08 7/26/12
  • HepB 8/9/07 10/3/07 2/10/08
  • Varicella 11/10/08 7/26/12
dob 10 10 2007
DOB 10/10/2007
  • DTP 12/7/2007 2/1/2008 4/12/2008
  • Polio 12/7/2007 2/1/2008 4/12/2008 10/12/2008
  • HIB 12/7/2007 2/1/2008
  • MMR 10/12/2008
  • HepB 10/11/2007 12/7/2007 2/10/2008
  • Varicella 10/12/2008
dob 7 27 2001
DOB 7/27/2001
  • DTP 10/12/01 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05
  • Polio 10/12/901 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05
  • HIB 10/12/01 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05
  • MMR 7/28/05
  • HepB 7/27/01 2/1/02 10/12/02
  • Varicella 7/28/05
dob 5 18 99
DOB 5/18/99
  • DTP 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00 10/18/00 11/29/03
  • Polio 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00 11/29/03
  • MMR 8/6/00 11/29/03
  • HepB 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00
  • HepA 2/11/06 3/9/07
  • Varicella 5/31/03
dob 03 09 2004
DOB 03/09/2004
  • DPT 08/10/05 08/25/06 10/03/07 08/16/08
  • Polio 08/10/05 08/25/06 10/03/07
  • Hib 08/10/05
  • MMR 03/12/05 08/16/08
  • HepB 03/11/04 08/25/06 10/03/07
  • Varicella 03/12/05
questions
Questions??

Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS)- 1-888-275-4772 –phone number & website listed on all Vaccine Information Sheets [VIS]

For accurate immunization information, current VISs, etc. visit: CDC.gov/immunizations

For great information sheets, videos, etc.: vaccine.chop.edu (Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

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