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ภาวิณี ศรีสุขวัฒนานันท์ คณะศึกษาศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ 20 มิถุนายน 2551 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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เทคนิคการสร้างข้อสอบ. ภาวิณี ศรีสุขวัฒนานันท์ คณะศึกษาศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ 20 มิถุนายน 2551. การวางแผนการสร้างแบบสอบ. 1. เนื้อหา และหัวข้อที่จะใช้สอบ. 2. ชนิดของคำถามหรือข้อสอบ สอดคล้องกับวัตถุประสงค์ทางการศึกษาด้านพุทธิพิสัย. 3. รูปแบบคำถามที่จะใช้.

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ภาวิณี ศรีสุขวัฒนานันท์ คณะศึกษาศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ 20 มิถุนายน 2551

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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


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.....................


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1. (Knowledge)

2. (Comprehension)

3. (Application)

4. (Analysis)

5. (Synthesis)

6. (Evaluation)

(Bloom and Krathwohl 1956)


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Taxonomy of Learning Specified, with Six Steps of Appropriation

Benjamin Bloom

(191399)


1 knowledge of based on recall

1. Knowledge - of (based on recall)

  • Specifics

  • Terminology

  • Specific facts

  • Ways and means of dealing with specifics

  • Conventions

  • Trends and sequences

  • Classifications and categories

  • Criteria

  • Methodology

  • The universals and abstractions in a field

  • Principles and generalizations

  • Theories and structures


2 comprehension grasp

2. Comprehension (grasp)

  • Translation

  • Interpretation

  • Extrapolation


3 application having a go too

3. Application ("having a go" too)

  • Application, or using learned material in new situations, involves using information, ideas, and skills to solve problems, then selecting and applying them appropriately.


Analysis

Analysis

Analysis suggests separating items, or separate material into component parts and show relationships between parts. It also means breaking apart information and ideas into their component parts.

  • Of elements

  • Of relationships

  • Of organizational principles


5 synthesis

5. Synthesis

  • Production of a unique communication

    • Production of a plan, or proposed set of operations

    • Derivation of a set of abstract relations

  • Synthesis suggests the ability to put together separate ideas to form new wholes of a fabric, or establish new relationships. Synthesis involves putting together ideas and knowledge in a new and unique form. This is where innovations truly take place.


6 evaluation judging worth etc

Evaluation is the highest level in this arrangement. Here the ability to judge the worth of material against stated criteria will show itself. Evaluation involves reviewing and asserting evidence, facts, and ideas, then making appropriate statements and judegments

Judgement in terms of internal evidence

Judgements in tems of external criteria

6. Evaluation (judging worth etc.)


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ETS (1965)

1. Remebering

2. Understanding

3. Thinking

Ebel (1979 )

1. Understanding of terminology

2. Understanding of fact & principle

3. Ability to explain or illustrate

4. Ability to calculate

5. Ability to predict

6. Ability to recommend appropriate action

7. Ability to make an evaluative judgement

()


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1. 1

2.


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Selected-Response Items

Constructed-Response Items

  • -


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:

  • 4 5


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: ()


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    • ,


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    • ()


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:

  • (depth and score of knowledge)

  • (Organization)

  • (Integration)

  • (creativeness)

  • (freedom of expression)


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  • (Extended response type)

/

......


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  • (reliability)


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  • (Validity)

    • (fairness or unbiased)

  • (Reliability)

    • (itemdiscrimination)

    • (appropriate length)

    • (item specification)

    • (appropriate criteria)

    • (item difficulty)

  • (Practicality)


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    • IDiff 0.20-0.80

    • Disc> .2

  • Cronbach alpha


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  • (validity)

    • (content validity)

    • (construct validity)

    • (Predictive validity)


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  • (Test length)

  • ( Test retest Interval)

  • (Constriction of range)

  • (Guessing)

  • ( Variation within the testing situation)


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      • -

      • (ICC)

      • (b)

      • (a)

      • (c)


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(difficulty)

  • :

    • P = x 100

    • R =

    • N =


Discrimination

(discrimination)

  • r = RH/NH -RL/NL

  • r

    • RH

    • RL

    • NH

    • NL

    • NH = NL


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3 4


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2 3

1


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-.1


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      • (ICC)

      • (b)

      • (a)

      • (c)

      • -


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3- parameter

b

a

c

Item Response Theory

ICC


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(ICC)


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Test Equating

2-3

2-3


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