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Welcome. Show Steer Selection. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent. Parts of the Steer. Wholesale Cuts of Beef. Round. Highest Value $ $ $ $ $ $. Loin. Rib. Rump. Wholesale Cuts of Beef. Neck. Lower Value. Chuck. Flank. Plate. Brisket. Shank. Selection Criteria.

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Welcome

Welcome


Darrell rothlisberger rich county extension agent

Show Steer Selection

Darrell Rothlisberger

Rich County Extension Agent


Parts of the steer

Parts of the Steer


Wholesale cuts of beef

Wholesale Cuts of Beef

Round

Highest Value

$ $ $ $ $ $

Loin

Rib

Rump


Wholesale cuts of beef1

Wholesale Cuts of Beef

Neck

Lower Value

Chuck

Flank

Plate

Brisket

Shank


Selection criteria

Selection Criteria

  • Age

  • Frame Size

  • Muscle

  • Balance

  • Structural Correctness

  • Disposition


Welcome

Age

  • Show calves will be market ready when 15 to 18 months old at County Fair

  • Born between February and May of the previous year

  • For example a steer born in March of 2003 will be 17 months old at fair time


Frame size

Frame Size

  • Adequate

  • Long Bodied

  • Clean


How big should he be

How Big Should He Be ?

An Example…

  • A March born calf is 8 months old in November when you buy him.

  • He should weigh about 550 pounds.

  • From November to August is 9 months.

  • An acceptable market weight depending on the steers frame is 1250 pounds.

  • He needs to gain about 77 pounds per month.


A look at the math

1250 finish weight

-550 beginning wt

700 pounds to gain

700 pounds to gain

÷ 9 months to fair

77 pounds/month

A Look at the Math.


How much will he eat

Beef convert 6 pounds of feed concentrate into one pound of gain.

Needs to gain 77 pounds in a month (30 days).

That’s 2.5 pounds per day.

2.5 x 6 = 15 pounds.

He needs to eat 15 pounds of feed per day to gain 2.5 pounds.

15 pounds x 30 days = 450 lbs of feed per month.

450 x 9 months = 4050 pounds of feed.

How Much Will He Eat?

This is an average over the feeding period. And does not include hay intake.


Muscle

Muscle

Five Indicators of Muscle

Top

Hind Quarter

Shoulder

Bone

Wide Based


Muscle hind quarter

Muscle - Hind Quarter

  • Width between pin bones

  • Stifle


Muscle shoulder

Muscle - Shoulder

  • Bold and Rugged

  • Thick fore arm

  • Smooth


Muscle top

Muscle - Top

  • Long

  • Level

  • Straight


Muscle top1

Muscle - Top

  • Wide Topped


Muscle wide based

Muscle - Wide Based


Muscle bone

Muscle - Bone

  • Large circumference of bone


Balance

Balance

Your calf should be balanced on both ends


Balance1

Balance

  • Select a calf with style

  • A deep bodied calf that is full in the flank

  • Uniform in capacity and ruggedness

  • Smooth


Examples of balance

Examples of Balance

Good Balance

Poor Balance


Structural correctness

Structural Correctness

  • Legs and feet

  • Set to hock

  • Flex at pastern

  • Take long strides


Structural correctness legs

Structural CorrectnessLegs

Legs should hit the ground straight

Point straight ahead


Structural correctness legs1

Structural Correctness Legs

Toes Out

Toes In


Structural correctness feet

Structural Correctness Feet

Feet should be big and rugged

Slope to pasterns


Disposition

Disposition

  • Notice how the seller handles the calves.

  • Can you move easily around the cattle without them getting nervous?

  • Does your calf have a pleasing gentle eye?

  • Ask about the cow and bull.

    • bloodlines or pedigree etc..


Facilities

Facilities


Facilities1

Facilities

  • Clean and dry

  • Good air circulation

  • Out of snow, rain, and sun

  • Free from debris and manure

  • Adequate space for exercise

  • A small pen to catch and halter


Halter breaking

Halter Breaking

  • Allow to get used to new home

  • Put halter on properly

  • Let drag halter for a few days

  • Tie about knee level with about 8 to 10 inches of lead to break to tie


Halter breaking1

Halter Breaking

  • Stay close by so you can help if needed

  • Begin touching as soon as possible

    • You can use a broom to keep a safe distance so you don’t get kicked

    • Don’t poke . . . just rub !

    • Rub him all over with your hands as soon as possible and as often as possible

  • Be calm with your voice and actions


Teaching to lead

Teaching to Lead

  • Pull - Release & Reward Method.

  • If he doesn’t want to move…

    • Repeatedly tug firmly on the lead rope without giving him any slack.

  • Be patient.

  • Be persistent.

  • Remain calm but firm.


Feeding

Water

Feeding

What is the most important nutrient for your steer?


Feeding1

Feeding

  • Clean feed

  • Avoid dusty, moldy, spoiled feed

  • Be sure feed pan or trough is clean each feeding


Feeding2

Feeding

  • Calves will eat 2.5% to 3% of their body weight.

  • A 500 pound calf will eat approximately 13 pounds of feed when on FULL FEED.

  • Increase slowly when starting them on feed to prevent bloat.


Nutrition

Nutrition

  • Protein

  • Carbohydrates

  • Roughage

  • Additives

FEED


Nutrition basic definitions

Nutrition Basic Definitions

  • Protein – (Made of Amino Acids) Makes muscle and bone.

  • Carbohydrates – gives energy and heat and helps put on fat.

  • Vitamins and Minerals – Essential for bodily functions. Be sure you have a balanced feed.

  • Roughage – important for proper ruminant digestion.

  • Additives – Add shine to coat or can help keep healthy appetite.


The four stomach system

The Four Stomach System

  • Rumen – First and largest stomach.

    • Food is broken down by bacteria and microorganisms.

  • Reticulum – Second and Safety net stomach.

    • Catches foreign objects that may case harm.

  • Omasum – Third Stomach.

    • Takes water out of the food stuffs before entering the next stomach.

  • Abomasum – The true stomach, gastric juice aids in digestion of proteins.


The four stomach system1

The Four Stomach System

Rumen

Reticulum

Omasum

Abomasum


Think of it this way

Think of It This Way…

  • Protein makes them grow.

  • Carbohydrates or Fats makes them finish and put on fat.

  • Roughages Aide in rumen health and gives them that full deep bodied look.

  • Additives can help them have a good hair coat.


Percentages

Percentages

  • Protein levels should range between 11% and 13%

  • Fat levels should be between 2% and 4%

  • Roughages – as much as they will eat and still clean their grain up


Hair care

Hair Care

  • Hair is genetic.

  • You can help to keep the hair that your calf has by brushing and combing.

  • Keeping him clean.

  • Good air circulation is important.

  • Keep him out of the sun.

  • Give bath or rinse as often as possible.


Hair care1

Hair Care

  • Comb the hair down first.

  • Then forward.

  • Then up.


Equipment

Equipment

  • BASIC LIST

  • Scotch Comb

  • Brush

  • Rope halter

  • Show Stick


Health

Health

  • Ask your seller what vaccinations your calf has had

  • SOME COMMON VACCINATIONS ARE:

    • 7 or 8 way

    • Overeating

    • Black Leg

    • Shipping Fever

    • Parasite control


Injection sites and the quality assurance program

Injection Sites and the Quality Assurance Program

Give intramuscular and subcutaneous injections in the neck


Papers

Papers

  • Bill of Sale from the seller

  • Get Brand Inspection

  • BEFORE YOU PLAN TO buy a calf from out of state be sure to ask Darrell for the proper procedures required by Utah Department of Agriculture


Fair rules and regulations

Fair Rules and Regulations

  • It is your responsibility to make sure you meet all the requirements for the show.


4 h enrollment

4-H Enrollment

  • It is time to get your enrollment papers filled out at the Extension office so you can get the newsletter and be aware of all the County 4-H information


Opportunities in 4 h

Opportunities in 4-H

  • Livestock Judging

  • Demonstrations

  • Public Speaking

  • Meal Prep

  • Fashion Revue

  • Record Book – Seniors can win a trip to National 4-H Congress!

  • Many others…


Rich county junior livestock schools and skillathon

Rich County Junior Livestock Schools and Skillathon

  • June 14-17, 2005

  • Rich County Fairgrounds

  • Demonstrations

  • Lectures by experts

  • Hands on instruction

  • Showmanship

  • Fitting

  • Feeding


Rebel jackpot

Rebel Jackpot

  • June 18, 2005

  • Rich County Fairgrounds

  • Swine 8:00 AM

  • Steers 10:00 AM

  • Lambs 2:00 PM

  • Pigs and Lambs $10

  • Steers $25


Thanks for coming

Thanks For Coming !!

Good Luck And Have A Great Year!

The Best


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