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Global SBAS Status. Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) Interoperability Working Group (IWG) June 2013. Agenda. Background Benefits Interoperability System Status System Evolution Issues. 1. SBAS Background .

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Global sbas status

Global SBAS Status

Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) Interoperability Working Group (IWG)

June 2013


Agenda

Agenda

Background

Benefits

Interoperability

System Status

System Evolution

Issues

1


Sbas background

SBAS Background

Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) provides the accuracy, integrity, service continuity and availability needed to rely on Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) navigation for all phases of flight, from en route through Category I approach

SBAS technology provides the opportunity to cover very large areas of airspace and areas formerly not served by other navigation aids

SBAS adds increased capability, flexibility, and often, more cost-effective navigation options than legacy ground-based navigation aids

SBAS can be used in many non-aviation applications

2


Sbas background1

SBAS Background

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPs) provides overarching standards and guidance for Global SBAS implementation

SARPs criteria define the SBAS standards for Approach with Vertical guidance (APV) as being a stabilized descent using vertical guidance

SBAS Interoperability Working Group (IWG) is the forum for SBAS service providers to assure common understanding and implementation of the SARPs

IWG forum allows coordinated development of interchangeable avionics technology designed to easily transition from one SBAS region to another

3


Sbas benefits

SBAS Benefits

SBAS service is available for free

SBAS enables Performance Based Navigation (PBN) to improve efficiency, capacity, and reduction of environmental impacts and is the lowest cost enabler for Required Navigation Performance (RNP)

SBAS is an enabler for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Next Generation Transportation System (NEXTGEN) and the European Commission (EC) Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research (SESAR)

4


Sbas benefits1

SBAS Benefits

Dual-frequency SBAS will support increased service

availability during ionospheric storms

SBAS supports the decommissioning of ground-based Navigation Aids (NAVAIDs)

SBAS benefits extend beyond aviation to all modes of transportation, including maritime, highways, and railroads

5


Sbas benefits en route

SBAS Benefits – En Route

SBAS is considered a primary navigation system

SBAS allows for Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) check elimination

SBAS supports Area Navigation (RNAV) and RNP

SBAS enables all RNAV requirements for implementation of 'T' and 'Q' routes

SBAS allows the flexibility to design more efficient airspace and instrument procedures

Significant reduction in track dispersion

6


Sbas benefits terminal

SBAS Benefits - Terminal

Supports Trajectory Based Operations (TBO)

4-D Operations (Continuous Descent Approach (CDA))

Significant reductions in fuel consumption

Significant reduction in track dispersion

7


Sbas benefits approach

SBAS Benefits - Approach

Provides Category I (CAT I) vertical guidance at any qualifying runway

Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance (LPV)

SBAS service does not require the installation or maintenance of ground-based landing system navigation aids

SBAS provides immunity to improper setting of aircraft barometric altimeters

SBAS is immune to barometric and temperature fluctuations

Positive guidance RNP 0.3 across service areas

8


Sbas interoperability sarps

SBAS Interoperability - SARPs

ICAO SARPs Annex 10 and Aviation Standards supports interoperability amongst SBAS service providers

Supports seamless transition from one SBAS service area to another SBAS service area

Multi-constellation SBAS enabled by establishment of up to four core GNSS Constellations:

Global Positioning System (GPS), United States (US), operational

Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), Russia, operational

Galileo, European Union (EU), expected operational by 2014

BeiDou (COMPASS), China, SARPs development initiated May 2012

Provides continued support to legacy single frequency users by ensuring backward compatibility

9


Sbas interoperability iwg

SBAS Interoperability - IWG

SBAS IWG objectives established to support technical interoperability and cooperation

Objective 1: Harmonize SBAS modernization plans

Objective 2: Forum for discussion on SBAS standards

Objective 3: Harmonize technical improvements from operations and users feedback

Objective 4: Research and Development (R&D) cooperation on key SBAS technologies

Objective 5: Support joint SBAS promotion

10


Sbas status operational systems

SBAS Status:Operational Systems

Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) – United States

Operational since 2003

Supports en route, terminal and approach operations

CAT I-like approach capability (LPV-200)

Multi-function Transport Satellite (MTSAT) Satellite-based Augmentation System (MSAS) - Japan

Operational since 2007

Supports en route, terminal and non-precision approach operations

European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) – European Union

Open Service was declared in October 2009

Safety-Of-Life Service has been operational since March 2011

Supports En Route, Terminal and Approach operations

APV-1 (LPV equivalent) operational capability

11


Current sbas performance lpv service vertical guidance as low as 200

Current SBAS PerformanceLPV Service (vertical guidance as low as 200’)

WAAS

EGNOS

MSAS

(Note: Vertical Protection Level Display is shown, but vertically-guided operations not yet authorized.)

Sources and additional detail:

  • WAAS LPV Coverage (http://www.nstb.tc.faa.gov/24Hr_WaasLPV.htm)

  • EGNOS LPV Coverage (http://egnos-user-support.essp-sas.eu/egnos_ops/node/975)

  • MSAS (http://www.nec.com/en/global/solutions/cns-atm/navigation/msv.html)

12


Current sbas performance non approach operations such as rnp 0 3

Current SBAS PerformanceNon-approach Operations (such as RNP 0.3)

WAAS

EGNOS

MSAS

(Horizontal Protection Level Display)

Sources and additional detail:

  • WAAS (http://www.nstb.tc.faa.gov/24Hr_WaasRNP3.htm)

  • EGNOS (http://egnos-user-support.essp-sas.eu/egnos_ops/service_performances/global/NPA_availability)

  • MSAS (http://www.nec.com/en/global/solutions/cns-atm/navigation/msv.html)

13


Sbas status developing systems

SBAS Status:Developing Systems

Global Positioning System (GPS) Aided Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) - India

In development with plans for horizontal and vertical guidance

Final Acceptance Testing planned in 2012

System of Differential Correction and Monitoring (SDCM) - Russia

In development with plans for horizontal and vertical guidance

14


Sbas evolution

SBAS Evolution

GNSS Dual Frequency Operations

Increases SBAS availability and performance by direct mitigation of ionospheric signal delay

Improves robustness against unintentional interference

SBAS Service Provider Objectives

Avionics manufacturers to support multi-constellation/multi-frequency avionics as flight-certified navigation solutions

Evaluate inclusion of additional GNSS constellations in SBAS such as Galileo and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS)

Provide continued support to legacy L1-only users

Support cooperative development of future SBAS standards

The slides that follow show a progression of scenarios in which combined SBAS coverage can provide LPV-200 service. These scenarios are based on a generalized set of assumptions across all systems and may not represent exact individual SBAS service levels.

15


Current reference networks

Current Reference Networks

16


Current coverage

Current Coverage

LPV-200 Service Availability

17


Current plans for expanded reference networks

Current Plans for Expanded Reference Networks

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

18


Improved single frequency coverage

Improved Single Frequency Coverage

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

LPV-200 Service Availability

19


Dual frequency coverage waas egnos msas

Dual Frequency Coverage (WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS)

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

LPV-200 Service Availability

20


Reference networks with gagan

Reference Networks with GAGAN

21


Dual frequency coverage with gagan

Dual Frequency Coverage (with GAGAN)

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

  • GAGAN

LPV-200 Service Availability

22


Reference networks with gagan and sdcm

Reference Networks with GAGAN and SDCM

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

  • GAGAN

  • SDCM

23


Dual frequency coverage with gagan sdcm

Dual Frequency Coverage (with GAGAN + SDCM)

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

  • GAGAN

  • SDCM

LPV-200 Service Availability

24


Expanded networks

Expanded Networks

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

  • GAGAN

  • SDCM

25


Dual frequency expanded networks

Dual Frequency, Expanded Networks

LPV-200 Service Availability

26


Dual frequency second constellation galileo

Dual Frequency + Second Constellation (Galileo)

  • WAAS

  • EGNOS

  • MSAS

  • GAGAN

  • SDCM

LPV-200 Service Availability

27


Dual frequency dual gnss expanded networks

Dual Frequency, Dual GNSS, Expanded Networks

LPV-200 Service Availability

28


Issues being addressed

Issues Being Addressed

Seamless transition between SBAS service areas

Evaluating transitions between SBAS and RAIM, along with transitions between two SBASs, and between SBAS and GBAS

Common interpretation of standards amongst SBAS developers

Established a work plan for development of a definition document to support a dual-frequency, multi-constellation user

Currently Limited Global Coverage

Global coverage to be expanded with addition of GAGAN and SDCM

Availability of worldwide LPV-200 service expected with addition of a second frequency, extended networks and additional GNSS constellations

29


Conclusions

Conclusions

Single Frequency SBAS offers significant benefits within covered service areas

Dual Frequency extends coverage outside reference networks & allows LPV operation in equatorial areas and during ionospheric storms

Expanding SBAS networks into southern hemisphere would allow global coverage of land masses

Additional GNSS constellations allow even greater coverage with fewer stations

Multiple constellations enable development of interchangeable avionics technology

30


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