Chapter 3
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 34

Forms of Government PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 3. Forms of Government. Types of Government. Types of Government. Three ways to classify governments: 1. Systems of government 2. Relationship between levels of government 3. Methods of selecting the executive. Systems of Government. Popular government Democracy Direct Democracy

Download Presentation

Forms of Government

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 3

Chapter 3

Forms of Government


Types of government

Types of Government


Types of government1

Types of Government

Three ways to classify governments:

1. Systems of government

2. Relationship between levels of government

3. Methods of selecting the executive


Systems of government

Systems of Government

  • Popular government

    • Democracy

      • Direct Democracy

      • Indirect Democracy

        • Republic

  • Dictatorship

  • Anarchy


Popular governments

Popular Governments

  • The people participate.

  • Direct democracy – people directly affect government’s policies & actions

    • Very rare today

    • “Today direct democracy is rare because of geographic and population limitations.”

    • Agree or disagree?


Popular governments1

Popular Governments

  • Indirect democracy – people choose their peers to operate government on their behalf (or REPRESENT them).

  • Republic – “a state in which the supreme power rests in the people and their elected representatives or officers.


Dictatorship

Dictatorship

  • In a dictatorship, the government acts without the consent of the people.

  • Totalitarianism- a ruling class holds absolute power and seeks to exercise control over every aspect of people’s lives.

  • Autocracy – rule by 1 person with supreme authority

  • Oligarchy – rule by an elite group


Anarchy

Anarchy

  • An absence of government

  • Because of human depravity, typically anarchy, instead of leading to maximum liberty, leads to a state of lawlessness.

  • Jeremiah 17:9

    • The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?


Types of government2

Types of Government

Three ways to classify governments:

1. Systems of government

2. Relationship between levels of government


Relationship between levels of government

Relationship Between Levels of Government

  • 1. Unitary

  • 2. Federal

  • 3. Confederate


Relationship between levels of government1

Relationship Between Levels of Government

  • Unitary Governments

    • Power resides in central government

    • All power from the people (unlike dictatorship)

    • Local units may help administer government.

    • Examples: Great Britain, Japan, France, Israel


Relationship between levels of government2

Relationship Between Levels of Government

  • Federal Governments – Federalism

  • Power is divided among national, regional, and local governments.

  • Usually governed by a constitution which specifies the powers and responsibilities of each level.

  • Examples: United States, Brazil, India


Relationship between levels of government3

Relationship Between Levels of Government

  • Confederate Governments

  • Regional governments retain supremacy and delegate some tasks to the national government.

  • Examples: Articles of Confederation, Confederate States of America, European Union (EU)


Types of government3

Types of Government

Three ways to classify governments:

1. Systems of government

2. Relationship between levels of government

3. Methods of selecting the executive


Methods of selecting the executive

Methods of Selecting the Executive

  • Presidential System – people directly elect the president.

  • Question: Do the people directly elect the President of the United States?

  • Answer: No. The Electoral College elects the president.


Methods of selecting the executive1

Methods of Selecting the Executive

  • Parliamentary System

    • People elect their representatives to Parliament.

      • Candidate of the party with the most votes in each district wins.

    • The majority party in the parliament chooses the executive (prime minister).

    • Examples: Great Britain, France, Japan, Indonesia


Forms of government

  • Which system is better: Presidential or Parliamentary?

  • p. 37


Types of government by system

Types of Government by System

List and explain.


American government

American Government


Levels of american government

Levels of American Government

  • National

  • State

  • Local


National government

National Government

  • The U.S. Constitution LIMITS the power of the national government by allowing it to have certain DELEGATED POWERS.


National government1

National Government

  • Legislative Branch

  • Executive Branch

  • Judicial Branch


Legislative branch

Legislative Branch

  • Makes the laws

  • Closest ties to the people: directly elected

  • Two houses

    • House of Representatives

    • Senate


Executive branch

Executive Branch

  • Enforces the laws

  • President

  • Vice President

  • Advisors

    • EOP

    • Cabinet


Judicial branch

Judicial Branch

  • Interprets the laws

  • Are the laws passed by Congress and the states consistent with the Constitution?

  • Supreme Court

  • Lower Courts


State government

State Government

  • Fifty (50) states

  • States keep all power not delegated to the national government (RESERVED POWERS) or prohibited to the states by the Constitution (PROHIBITED POWERS).

  • States all have their own constitutions.


State government1

State Government

  • Reserved Powers– 10th Amendment

    • Police, educate, land-use laws, licensing, etc.

  • Prohibited Powers – Keeps certain powers in the hands of the national government.

    • Coin money, make treaties, import/export taxes, raise a military force in peacetime, etc.


State government2

State Government

  • Separation of Powers – State governments have the same 3 branches as the national (federal) government.

    • Legislative, Executive, Judicial


State government3

State Government

  • Legislative

  • May be BICAMERAL (two houses) or UNICAMERAL (one house).


State government4

State Government

  • Executive – Governor

  • Lieutenant governor


State government5

State Government

  • Judicial – courts

  • May be elected by the people or APPOINTED by the governor or legislature


Local government

Local Government

  • Counties – divided into precincts

  • Municipalities – cities, villages, towns

  • Municipalities exist by incorporating when its population gets to a certain level.

  • Municipalities get a charter (like a constitution) from the state.


Review quiz

Review Quiz

  • What are the levels of U.S. government?

  • What are the branches of U.S. government?

  • What is the function of the legislative branch?

  • What is the function of the executive branch?

  • What is the function of the judicial branch?


Answers

Answers

  • 1. national, state, local

  • 2. legislative, executive, judicial

  • 3. make laws

  • 4. enforce the laws

  • 5. interpret the laws


  • Login