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Targeting Learning Learning Objectives: A Tool in the Formative Assessment Process. CVUHSD 2013-14.

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Targeting learning learning objectives a tool in the formative assessment process

Targeting LearningLearning Objectives:A Tool in the Formative Assessment Process

CVUHSD 2013-14


Targeting Learning & Direct Interactive Instruction (DII)Standards and Measurable ObjectivesWhen teachers ground their lessons in explicit standards and measurable objectives that define what students will know and be able to do at the end of—the lesson, the chapter, the course, the semester—clarity of focus is assured for students. When the teacher is focused on what “the end” looks like and what students will demonstrate to “show they know,” much more effective and targeted instruction is possible.1. Standards and Measurable Objectives2. Lesson Structure and Sequence3. Student Engagement, Feedback, and Correctives4. Proactive Classroom Management.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Targeting LearningTerminal Learning Objective:Given two primary types of learning objectives and their components, I will demonstrate mastery of writing both types of learning objectives by constructing appropriately specific objectives and implementing the practice in my classroom starting tomorrow.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Targeting LearningEnabling Learning Objective 1:Given a theoretical framework for targeted learning, I will challenge my preconceived knowledge related to learning objectives (cognitive dissonance) by examining the elements of writing evidence-based learning objectives through discussion and reflection.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Cognitive DissonanceA psychological phenomenon which refers to the discomfort felt at a discrepancy between what you already know or believe, and new information or interpretation. It therefore occurs when there is a need to accommodate new ideas, and it may be necessary for it to develop so that we become "open" to them. Drive an intellectual wedge between learners' current beliefs and "reality“.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Targeting LearningEnabling Learning Objective 2:Given the components of evidence-based learning objectives, I will evaluate my understanding of each component by categorizing a series of examples as either effective or not effective.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Targeting LearningEnabling Learning Objective 3:Given the theoretical framework, the learning objective components, and practice identifying the elements of a evidence-based learning objective, I will demonstrate mastery by writing an effective learning objective.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Thus the two primary types of learning objectives are terminal and enabling

Thus, the two primary types of learning objectives are terminal and enabling.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Condition

COMPONENTS terminal and enabling. OF THE OBJECTIVES

Content/Knowledge

Condition

Level of Cognition

Proving Behavior

CVUHSD 2013-14


Level of Cognition terminal and enabling.

ACTION VERB

THE CONTENT OR THE “WHAT” IS EXPECTED OF THE LEARNER

Conditions of Learning Environment

CVUHSD 2013-14

Proving Behavior & Measureable Criteria


UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK terminal and enabling.Constructivismis a philosophical view on how we come to understand or know. It is, in our mind, attuned to pragmatism (If everything that can be known must be first learned, and if knowledge aims at truth, then the method of learning should aim at the truth). John Dewey, The American Pragmatist

CVUHSD 2013-14


UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK terminal and enabling.Understanding is in our interactions with the environment. This is the core concept of constructivism. We cannot talk about what is learned separately from how it is learned, as if a variety of experiences all lead to the same understanding. Rather, what we understand is a function of the content, the context, the activity of the learner, and, perhaps most importantly, the goals of the learner.

CVUHSD 2013-14


UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK terminal and enabling.Cognitive conflict or puzzlement is the stimulus for learning and determines the organization and nature of what is learned. When we are in a learning environment, there is some stimulus or goal for learning -- the learner has a purpose for being there. That goal is not only the stimulus for learning, but it is a primary factor in determining what the learner attends to, what prior experience the learner brings to bear in constructing an understanding, and, basically, what understanding is eventually constructed.

CVUHSD 2013-14


UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK terminal and enabling.Cognitive conflict or puzzlement is the stimulus for learning and determines the organization and nature of what is learned. In Dewey's terms it is the "problematic" that leads to and is the organizer for learning. In Piaget’s terms it is the need for accommodation when current experience cannot be assimilated in existing schema. The important point, however, is that it is the goal of the learner that is central in considering what is learned.

CVUHSD 2013-14


UNDERSTAND THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK terminal and enabling.Knowledge evolves through social negotiation and through the evaluation of the viability of individual understandings. Learners test their own understanding and examine the understanding of others as a mechanism for enriching, interweaving, and expanding our understanding of particular issues or phenomena. Collaborating with other people who challenge our current views create the cognitive dissonance critical to the learning process (this is also true for teachers who collaborate with each other to analyze the impact of their teaching practices).

CVUHSD 2013-14


Handout 1 targeting the target finding appropriate specificity

HANDOUT 1 terminal and enabling.Targeting the Target – Finding Appropriate Specificity


LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Given 9 examples of a learning objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.


CVUHSD 2013-14 objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.


CVUHSD 2013-14 objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.


CVUHSD 2013-14 objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.


CVUHSD 2013-14 objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.


LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND THE CCSS objective, I will test my prior knowledge of writing appropriately specific learning objectives by categorizing each example as either too general, too specific, or appropriately specific and completing the chart above.While the CCSS focus on what is most essential, they do not describe all that can or should be taught. A great deal is left to the discretion of teachers and curriculum developers. The aim of the CCSS is to articulate the fundamentals, not to set out an exhaustive list or a set of restrictions that limits what can be taught beyond what is specified herein. Therefore, unpacking the standards has never been more important than now.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.Fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association.Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their).Place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.Fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association.Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their).Place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers.

CVUHSD 2013-14


What type of learning objective is this CCSS? intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their).

CVUHSD 2013-14


What type of learning objective is this CCSS? intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their).

TERMINAL

CVUHSD 2013-14


What do i want students to be able to do

Correctly use frequently confused words intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude.

(e.g., to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

What do I want students to be able to do?

I will DEMONSTRATE correct word usage when using frequently confused words in my writing

Given 10 frequently confused words

By constructing sentences using the correct form of the word and present my answers to the class.


STANDARD: Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Given 10 frequently confused words, I will demonstrate correct word usage by constructing sentences using the correct form of the word and present my answers to the class.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Writing an enabling objective

Writing an Enabling Objective to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

OVERARCHING OR TERMINAL OBJECTIVE

Correctly use frequently confused words

(e.g., to/too/two; there/their, etc…).


What do i want students to be able to do1

What do I want students to be able to do? to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Correctly identify frequently confused words

(e.g., to/too/two; there/their, etc…).


What are the learning conditions

What are the learning conditions? to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Groups of students will be given a list of sentences which contain examples of correct and incorrect word usage.


What is the expected level of cognition

What is the expected level of cognition? to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Students will IDENTIFY sentences that use the words correctly and those that use the words incorrectly


What will the proving behavior be

What will the proving behavior be? to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Present their answers to the class.


Condition1

Content/Knowledge to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Condition

Level of Cognition

Proving Behavior

CVUHSD 2013-14


STANDARD: Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to/too/two; there/their, etc…).

Given a series of sentences containing frequently confused words, students will identify the examples of correct or incorrect usage and present their answers to the class.

CVUHSD 2013-14


Handout 2 writing learning objectives using ccss

HANDOUT 2 to/too/two; there/their, etc…). Writing Learning Objectives Using CCSS


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