Absolutism
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Absolutism. Bell Work. Who is in the painting? What is in the background? What does this painting convey? What is its message?. Directions. Our goal is to create a definition of Absolutism by looking at several historical examples Read through the examples of absolutism

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Absolutism

Absolutism


Bell work

Bell Work

Who is in the painting?

What is in the background?

What does this painting convey? What is its message?


Directions

Directions

  • Our goal is to create a definition of Absolutism by looking at several historical examples

  • Read through the examples of absolutism

  • Fill in the graphic organizer to help you keep track of ideas

  • If you finish early – move on to the second worksheet and find 4 similarities and 4 differences between your examples


Directions with a partner

Directions: with a partner…

  • Which 3 of these similarities do you think is most important?

  • Using these examples create a definition for the term Absolutism with your partner

    • Prepare to share


Assignment

Assignment

  • Read through the examples you have been given

  • Decide whether or not they are examples of Absolutism

    • If they are NOT examples of Absolutism, how would they need to change to fit the definition?

  • Hand in when finished


Louis xiv

Louis XIV

Online tour of Versailles


Bell work1

Bell work

  • Have you finished listing the 3 critical attributes of Absolutism and created a definition for the label?

    • Prepare to share your attributes and definitions

  • Today’s Agenda

    • Finish Absolutism Packet

    • Online exploration of Versailles and Louis XIV

    • Assignment:

      • Finish Absolutism Packet

        And

      • “The Age of Absolutism in France” Worksheet

Get it??

HAPPY FRIDAY!!


Absolutism in france

Absolutism in France

  • “The Age of Absolutism in France” - Complete steps 1-4

    • You may use other websites for step 3 AND your textbook

    • Due by the end of the hour

  • Absolutism Packet

    • Due Tuesday**


5 examples of absolutism

5 examples of absolutism


Bell work2

Bell Work

  • Have you finished your Absolutism Packet?

  • Please grab a “Map of Europe” Sheet from the front of the room.

Sort of…


Where in the world are we

Where in the world are we?

  • We will fill out this new world map as we go

    • Spain

    • France

    • England

    • Austria and Prussia

    • Russia


Today s focus

Today’s focus

  • Spain and France

France

Spain


Absolutism in spain

Absolutism in Spain

  • Charles V

    • Where have you heard this name before??

  • Two Crowns - 1519

    • Hapsburg Empire (including Holy Roman Empire) and Spain

    • Difficult for Charles to manage

      • Ottoman attacks

      • Reformation and German Princes

    • Resigns in 1556

  • Divides empire

    • Central Europe – Ferdinand (bro)

    • Spain (and overseas colonies), Netherlands, S. Italy – Philip II (son)


Philip ii 1556 1598

Philip II: 1556-1598

  • Goals

    • Expand Spanish empire

    • Strengthen Catholic Church

    • Make his power ABSOLUTE

  • Resources

    • Silver from colonies in America

    • Personality – focused and serious

      • Somber isolated palace

    • Military power

  • Claim to power

    • Divine Right = His authority to rule came directly from God (Everyone MUST be Catholic)

    • Inquisition used against protestants


Philip ii 1556 15981

Philip II: 1556-1598

  • Spain’s Golden Age

    • Art, literature, science and math

    • El Greco

    • Cervantes and Don Quixote


Failures

Failures

  • Religious War

  • Netherland’s revolt 1560s-1580s

    • Protestant rebels – faith, taxes, inquisition

    • 1581 Dutch Netherlands

  • England

    • Elizabeth I is Protestant Enemy #1

    • Francis Drake and Sea Dogs

    • 1588 Spanish Armada

  • Economic Decline

    • Weak heirs, high taxes, expulsion of Muslims and Jews, inflation


France and absolutism

France and Absolutism

  • Henry IV: 1589-1610 Tries to rebuild France

    • Edict of Nantes: Catholic country with tolerance for Protestants

    • Reduced power of nobles

    • Expanded monarchy’s power into all areas of life

      • Roads, bridges, money to farmers for agriculture

  • Assassinated 1610

    • Son Lious XIII (9 yrs old!)

    • Cardinal Armand Richelieu

  • “A chicken in every pot”


Cardinal armand richelieu

Cardinal Armand Richelieu

  • Chief Minister to Louis XIII

  • Destroy the Huguenots and nobles – Why?

    • Defeated their militaries, tore down walled cities

    • Defeated the nobles’ military and fortified castles

  • Kept Protestants calm by still allowing them to practice their religion

  • Kept nobles tied to the king by giving them high posts at court or in the royal army


Louis xiv the sun king 1643 1715

Louis XIV, The Sun King: 1643-1715

  • King at 4 - Chief Minister Jules Mazarin

  • Fronde

    • Nobles, merchants, peasants, urban poor

      revolted

    • Driven out of his palace

  • Mazarin dies 1661

    • Louis shocks everyone by taking over

  • What does this quote tell you about Louis XIV?

    • “God’s power is felt in an instant from one end of the world to the other; royal power takes the same time to act throughout the kingdom. It preserves the order of the whole kingdom, as does God with the whole world.” Louis XIV

      • Divine Right

    • Sun Emblem

      • center of the solar system/center of the nation


Louis xiv the sun king 1643 17151

Louis XIV, The Sun King: 1643-1715

  • Strengthening royal power

    • Attends to gov. affairs himself

    • Never convenes the Estates General

    • Appointed intendants (royal officials)

      • Taxes, recruited soldiers, carry out policies

      • Middle class wealthy men

  • Strengthens Army

    • State paid, fed, trained, supplied

    • 300,000 soldiers

  • Colbert and the Economy

    • Bases economy on luxury items

    • Expands agriculture, mining

    • Taxes foreign goods

    • Expands colonies in Americas

  • What about the nobility?

    • Versailles and the Levee

“My dominant passion is certainly love of glory.”


Bell work can you solve the riddle

Bell Work: can you solve the riddle?

The following sentences have two blanks that can be filled with two words that are anagrams of each other. Please find those words.

  • 1. Mark's math __________ was a mild-mannered man. But one thing he would not tolerate was a __________. He would immediately fail anyone caught doing so.

  • 2. The patient __________ his pain through physical therapy. He had seen enough __________ surgeries to know that too many people elected surgery when they shouldn't have.

  • 3. After a long and successful career of serving his country, the nation was in shock as the highly regarded __________ was arrested and tried for __________.


Failures1

failures

  • Expensive wars with little gain

    • Louis XIV wants to expand but other nations band together to stop him from taking over

      • Balance of Power

    • War of Spanish Succession

  • Edict of Nantes

    • Revoked 1685

    • 100,000+ Huguenots fled –economy

  • His heir (Great Grandson Louis XV)

    • France is weakened economically = wars and bad harvests

    • Louis XV focused on partying – country falls apart

    • “After us, the deluge”


Assignment1

Assignment

  • Please compare and contrast the reigns of Philip II of Spain and Louis XIV of France using the Venn Diagram


Parliament and england

Parliament and England


Today s focus1

Today’s focus

  • Britain


Directions1

Directions

  • Complete the Venn Diagram

  • Read p. 421-426 and complete the worksheet – Due tomorrow


Bell work3

Bell work:

  • Please take out your assignment from yesterday (p 421-426) for a work check.

  • Riddle:

  • I can be straight or not

  • I can be flat or round

  • I have three layers

  • The rounder I am – the straighter I am

  • I can be a person’s trademark

  • I can be chemically challenged

  • What am I?

  • Today’s Agenda

  • Correct Worksheet

  • Video on England and Parliament


Austria prussia and the 30 years war

Austria, Prussia and the 30 years war


Bell work4

Bell Work

  • Today’s Agenda

  • Finish Cromwell/Parliament Video

  • Notes on the 30 years war Austria/Prussia

  • Compare nations graphic organizer


Today s focus2

Today’s focus

  • Austria and

  • Prussia?

  • p. 428


Peace of augsburg leads to

Peace of Augsburg leads to….

= The Thirty Years War

  • The Holy Roman Emperor has no real control over German Princes

  • The Princes argue over which of them has control

    • North Protestant

    • South Catholic


Quick facts thirty years war

Quick Facts: Thirty Years War

  • 1618-1648 - Political and religious causes

  • Begins in Bohemia: Ferdinand (Hapsburg King) tries to suppress Protestants and take control

    • Defenestration of Prague – Protestant Noblemen ‘open a window’

    • Revolt ends up Involving almost all of Europe

  • 1 year later

    • Ferdinand is elected Holy Roman Emperor

    • Catholic nations fight with F against Protestant countries

    • Protestant nations (Netherlands, Sweden etc.) ban together to fight Ferdinand

  • As time drags on…

    • Religious based alliances are exchanged for political ones

    • Protestant and catholic leaders fight together to get the territories they want


What does this quote tell you about the fighting

What does this quote tell you about the fighting?

  • “for one of the peasants they had taken they thrust into the baking oven and there lit a fire under him,… as for another, they put a cord around his head and twisted it so tight with a piece of wood that the blood gushed from his mount and nose and ears. In a word each had his own device to torture the peasants.”

  • -Jacob von Grimmelshausen

  • An estimated 1/3 of Germans Die


Peace of westphalia 1648

Peace of Westphalia - 1648

  • Ends conflict

  • Redraws map of Europe

    • France gains territory

  • Holy Roman Empire is greatly weakened

    • Hapsburgs are forced to accept independence of all princes in the Holy Roman Empire

  • Germany is divided into 360 separate states

    • Recognize HRE as leader but each has their own coin, government, church, military

  • Netherlands and Switzerland are now independent states


Assignment2

Assignment

  • Map on p. 428– How can you tell from the map that the Holy Roman Empire was not a strong state after the Thirty Years War?

  • Read pages 429-430 and fill in your “Absolutism Graphic Organizer” for Austria and Prussia

    • If you have time begin filling in information for the other nations that we have covered so far


Extra slides

Extra slides


Absolutism timeline 1550 1800

Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]

Phillip II Spain 1556-1598

1740 Frederick of Prussia challenges Austria

1643-1715

Louis XIV

France

1649-1660

Cromwell and Commonwealth

1717-1780

Maria Theresa in Austria

1689-1796

Peter the Great

And

Catherine the Great

Russia

1603 Stuart monarchy begins

1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England

1660

Stuart King returns to England


Absolutism timeline 1550 18001

Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]

Phillip II Spain 1556-1598

1643-1715

Louis XIV

France

1649-1660

Cromwell and Commonwealth

1603 Stuart monarchy begins

1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England

1660

Stuart King returns to England


Absolutism timeline 1550 18002

Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]


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