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Absolutism. Bell Work. Who is in the painting? What is in the background? What does this painting convey? What is its message?. Directions. Our goal is to create a definition of Absolutism by looking at several historical examples Read through the examples of absolutism

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Absolutism


Bell Work

Who is in the painting?

What is in the background?

What does this painting convey? What is its message?


Directions

  • Our goal is to create a definition of Absolutism by looking at several historical examples

  • Read through the examples of absolutism

  • Fill in the graphic organizer to help you keep track of ideas

  • If you finish early – move on to the second worksheet and find 4 similarities and 4 differences between your examples


Directions: with a partner…

  • Which 3 of these similarities do you think is most important?

  • Using these examples create a definition for the term Absolutism with your partner

    • Prepare to share


Assignment

  • Read through the examples you have been given

  • Decide whether or not they are examples of Absolutism

    • If they are NOT examples of Absolutism, how would they need to change to fit the definition?

  • Hand in when finished


Louis XIV

Online tour of Versailles


Bell work

  • Have you finished listing the 3 critical attributes of Absolutism and created a definition for the label?

    • Prepare to share your attributes and definitions

  • Today’s Agenda

    • Finish Absolutism Packet

    • Online exploration of Versailles and Louis XIV

    • Assignment:

      • Finish Absolutism Packet

        And

      • “The Age of Absolutism in France” Worksheet

Get it??

HAPPY FRIDAY!!


Absolutism in France

  • “The Age of Absolutism in France” - Complete steps 1-4

    • You may use other websites for step 3 AND your textbook

    • Due by the end of the hour

  • Absolutism Packet

    • Due Tuesday**


5 examples of absolutism


Bell Work

  • Have you finished your Absolutism Packet?

  • Please grab a “Map of Europe” Sheet from the front of the room.

Sort of…


Where in the world are we?

  • We will fill out this new world map as we go

    • Spain

    • France

    • England

    • Austria and Prussia

    • Russia


Today’s focus

  • Spain and France

France

Spain


Absolutism in Spain

  • Charles V

    • Where have you heard this name before??

  • Two Crowns - 1519

    • Hapsburg Empire (including Holy Roman Empire) and Spain

    • Difficult for Charles to manage

      • Ottoman attacks

      • Reformation and German Princes

    • Resigns in 1556

  • Divides empire

    • Central Europe – Ferdinand (bro)

    • Spain (and overseas colonies), Netherlands, S. Italy – Philip II (son)


Philip II: 1556-1598

  • Goals

    • Expand Spanish empire

    • Strengthen Catholic Church

    • Make his power ABSOLUTE

  • Resources

    • Silver from colonies in America

    • Personality – focused and serious

      • Somber isolated palace

    • Military power

  • Claim to power

    • Divine Right = His authority to rule came directly from God (Everyone MUST be Catholic)

    • Inquisition used against protestants


Philip II: 1556-1598

  • Spain’s Golden Age

    • Art, literature, science and math

    • El Greco

    • Cervantes and Don Quixote


Failures

  • Religious War

  • Netherland’s revolt 1560s-1580s

    • Protestant rebels – faith, taxes, inquisition

    • 1581 Dutch Netherlands

  • England

    • Elizabeth I is Protestant Enemy #1

    • Francis Drake and Sea Dogs

    • 1588 Spanish Armada

  • Economic Decline

    • Weak heirs, high taxes, expulsion of Muslims and Jews, inflation


France and Absolutism

  • Henry IV: 1589-1610 Tries to rebuild France

    • Edict of Nantes: Catholic country with tolerance for Protestants

    • Reduced power of nobles

    • Expanded monarchy’s power into all areas of life

      • Roads, bridges, money to farmers for agriculture

  • Assassinated 1610

    • Son Lious XIII (9 yrs old!)

    • Cardinal Armand Richelieu

  • “A chicken in every pot”


Cardinal Armand Richelieu

  • Chief Minister to Louis XIII

  • Destroy the Huguenots and nobles – Why?

    • Defeated their militaries, tore down walled cities

    • Defeated the nobles’ military and fortified castles

  • Kept Protestants calm by still allowing them to practice their religion

  • Kept nobles tied to the king by giving them high posts at court or in the royal army


Louis XIV, The Sun King: 1643-1715

  • King at 4 - Chief Minister Jules Mazarin

  • Fronde

    • Nobles, merchants, peasants, urban poor

      revolted

    • Driven out of his palace

  • Mazarin dies 1661

    • Louis shocks everyone by taking over

  • What does this quote tell you about Louis XIV?

    • “God’s power is felt in an instant from one end of the world to the other; royal power takes the same time to act throughout the kingdom. It preserves the order of the whole kingdom, as does God with the whole world.” Louis XIV

      • Divine Right

    • Sun Emblem

      • center of the solar system/center of the nation


Louis XIV, The Sun King: 1643-1715

  • Strengthening royal power

    • Attends to gov. affairs himself

    • Never convenes the Estates General

    • Appointed intendants (royal officials)

      • Taxes, recruited soldiers, carry out policies

      • Middle class wealthy men

  • Strengthens Army

    • State paid, fed, trained, supplied

    • 300,000 soldiers

  • Colbert and the Economy

    • Bases economy on luxury items

    • Expands agriculture, mining

    • Taxes foreign goods

    • Expands colonies in Americas

  • What about the nobility?

    • Versailles and the Levee

“My dominant passion is certainly love of glory.”


Bell Work: can you solve the riddle?

The following sentences have two blanks that can be filled with two words that are anagrams of each other. Please find those words.

  • 1. Mark's math __________ was a mild-mannered man. But one thing he would not tolerate was a __________. He would immediately fail anyone caught doing so.

  • 2. The patient __________ his pain through physical therapy. He had seen enough __________ surgeries to know that too many people elected surgery when they shouldn't have.

  • 3. After a long and successful career of serving his country, the nation was in shock as the highly regarded __________ was arrested and tried for __________.


failures

  • Expensive wars with little gain

    • Louis XIV wants to expand but other nations band together to stop him from taking over

      • Balance of Power

    • War of Spanish Succession

  • Edict of Nantes

    • Revoked 1685

    • 100,000+ Huguenots fled –economy

  • His heir (Great Grandson Louis XV)

    • France is weakened economically = wars and bad harvests

    • Louis XV focused on partying – country falls apart

    • “After us, the deluge”


Assignment

  • Please compare and contrast the reigns of Philip II of Spain and Louis XIV of France using the Venn Diagram


Parliament and England


Today’s focus

  • Britain


Directions

  • Complete the Venn Diagram

  • Read p. 421-426 and complete the worksheet – Due tomorrow


Bell work:

  • Please take out your assignment from yesterday (p 421-426) for a work check.

  • Riddle:

  • I can be straight or not

  • I can be flat or round

  • I have three layers

  • The rounder I am – the straighter I am

  • I can be a person’s trademark

  • I can be chemically challenged

  • What am I?

  • Today’s Agenda

  • Correct Worksheet

  • Video on England and Parliament


Austria, Prussia and the 30 years war


Bell Work

  • Today’s Agenda

  • Finish Cromwell/Parliament Video

  • Notes on the 30 years war Austria/Prussia

  • Compare nations graphic organizer


Today’s focus

  • Austria and

  • Prussia?

  • p. 428


Peace of Augsburg leads to….

= The Thirty Years War

  • The Holy Roman Emperor has no real control over German Princes

  • The Princes argue over which of them has control

    • North Protestant

    • South Catholic


Quick Facts: Thirty Years War

  • 1618-1648 - Political and religious causes

  • Begins in Bohemia: Ferdinand (Hapsburg King) tries to suppress Protestants and take control

    • Defenestration of Prague – Protestant Noblemen ‘open a window’

    • Revolt ends up Involving almost all of Europe

  • 1 year later

    • Ferdinand is elected Holy Roman Emperor

    • Catholic nations fight with F against Protestant countries

    • Protestant nations (Netherlands, Sweden etc.) ban together to fight Ferdinand

  • As time drags on…

    • Religious based alliances are exchanged for political ones

    • Protestant and catholic leaders fight together to get the territories they want


What does this quote tell you about the fighting?

  • “for one of the peasants they had taken they thrust into the baking oven and there lit a fire under him,… as for another, they put a cord around his head and twisted it so tight with a piece of wood that the blood gushed from his mount and nose and ears. In a word each had his own device to torture the peasants.”

  • -Jacob von Grimmelshausen

  • An estimated 1/3 of Germans Die


Peace of Westphalia - 1648

  • Ends conflict

  • Redraws map of Europe

    • France gains territory

  • Holy Roman Empire is greatly weakened

    • Hapsburgs are forced to accept independence of all princes in the Holy Roman Empire

  • Germany is divided into 360 separate states

    • Recognize HRE as leader but each has their own coin, government, church, military

  • Netherlands and Switzerland are now independent states


Assignment

  • Map on p. 428– How can you tell from the map that the Holy Roman Empire was not a strong state after the Thirty Years War?

  • Read pages 429-430 and fill in your “Absolutism Graphic Organizer” for Austria and Prussia

    • If you have time begin filling in information for the other nations that we have covered so far


Extra slides


Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]

Phillip II Spain 1556-1598

1740 Frederick of Prussia challenges Austria

1643-1715

Louis XIV

France

1649-1660

Cromwell and Commonwealth

1717-1780

Maria Theresa in Austria

1689-1796

Peter the Great

And

Catherine the Great

Russia

1603 Stuart monarchy begins

1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England

1660

Stuart King returns to England


Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]

Phillip II Spain 1556-1598

1643-1715

Louis XIV

France

1649-1660

Cromwell and Commonwealth

1603 Stuart monarchy begins

1698 English Bill of Rights Limited Monarchy in England

1660

Stuart King returns to England


Absolutism Timeline1550-1800

  • [----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------]


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