Pets and children in violence 2002 in service
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 75

Pets and Children in Violence 2002 In-service PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Pets and Children in Violence 2002 In-service. Marie Suthers McCabe, DVM Extension Specialist, Human-Companion Animal Interaction Center for Animal Human Relationships VA-MD Regional College of Veterinary Medicine.

Download Presentation

Pets and Children in Violence 2002 In-service

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Pets and Children in Violence2002 In-service

Marie Suthers McCabe, DVM

Extension Specialist,

Human-Companion Animal Interaction

Center for Animal Human Relationships

VA-MD Regional College of Veterinary Medicine


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“Anyone who has accustomed himself (or herself) to regard the life of any living creature as worthless is in danger of arriving also to the idea of worthless human lives.”Albert Schweitzer, humanitarian


Assumption

ASSUMPTION

Freedom from terror is an essential

component of a healthy state and a

fundamental right in a free society.


Assumption1

ASSUMPTION

  • Pets are members of the family.


Links between

Links Between

  • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

  • CHILD ABUSE

  • CRUELTY TO ANIMALS


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Compelling evidence links people

with homicidal tendencies to

acts of severe animal abuse.


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“While not everyone who abuses animals will become a serial killer, virtually every serial killer first abused animals…”Dr. Randall Lockwood, Vice President, The HSUS


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

  • Jeffrey L. Dahmer


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

  • Kip Kinkle


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

  • Luke Woodham


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

  • Eric Harris &

  • Dylan Klebold


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Physical cruelty to animalsis listed as one of the earliest symptoms indicative of Conduct Disorder.

  • DMS IV, American Psychiatric Association


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“One of the most dangerous things that can happen to a child is to kill or torture an animal and get away with it.”Anthropologist Margaret Mead


Child and adolescent motivations for animal abuse

Curiosity or exploration

Peer pressure

Mood enhancement

Forced abuse

Attachment to an animal

Animal phobias

Identification with the child’s abuser

Posttraumatic play

Imitation

Self-injury

Rehearsal

Vehicle for emotional abuse

Child and adolescent motivations for animal abuse


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Animal Cruelty is one of a cluster of juvenile behaviors associated with increasingly violent behavior

  • FBI


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“Animal cruelty is not a harmless venting of emotion in a healthy individual: this is a warning sign…”

FBI Supervisory Special

Agent Allen Brantley


Anti violence study

Anti-Violence Study

  • 1997

  • 153 subjects - committed intentional abuse against animals

  • 70 % - criminal records

  • 40% - violent crimes against people

  • cf 22% - control group


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Someone who severely mistreats an animal is likely to Abuse a child Beat a partner


Power control

POWER & CONTROL

Preying on the vulnerable


Children pets

Children & Pets

  • Totally dependant on parents/owners

  • Cannot speak for themselves


Children pets in families

Children & Pets in Families

  • In U.S. Households, Pets are found in:

  • 67.4% of households in which the youngest child is < 6 years old

  • In 78.7% of households in which the youngest child is > 6 years old

    JAVMA 1994


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“The good news about human experience

is that we can cope with almost anything.

The bad news is that we will tolerate

almost anything” James Garbarino


Pets in crisis

PETS IN CRISIS

animals suffer

domestic violence

too


Saving grace

Saving Grace


The day grace was found

The day Grace was found


At va md regional college of veterinary medicine

At VA-MD Regional College of Veterinary Medicine


After surgery

After surgery


Healed and at peace

Healed and at peace


Helping others now

Helping Others Now


Reporting

Reporting

  • Because a family pet may be the sentinel for other violence occurring within a home, are veterinarians morally obligated to recognize and report animal abuse?


Veterinarians do see the pets of families involved with child abuse

Veterinarians do see the pets of families involved with child abuse

In one study of 53 NJ pet-owning families involved with child abuse or neglect, researchers found that the use of veterinary services did not differ noticeably from acceptable standards.


Veterinarians do see the pets of families involved with child abuse1

Veterinarians do see the pets of families involved with child abuse

In 60% of these families, pets were also abused or neglected.

The percentage (88%) was even higher when physical child abuse took place (in contrast to sexual abuse or neglect).

Of 23 British families who abused animals, 83% endangered their children also.


Ways a veterinarian might learn of potential abuse

Ways a Veterinarian Might Learn of Potential Abuse:

  • Suspicious behavior or physical injuries

  • Comments by family members

  • Confiding

  • Witness


Diagnostic features of abuse

Diagnostic Features of Abuse

  • History

    • vague

    • implausible

    • the account of the incident does not fit the injury


Diagnostic features of abuse1

Diagnostic Features of Abuse

  • Physical Signs

    • Fractures

    • Bruising

    • Ocular Injuries

    • Burns and scalds


Difficulties with diagnosing abuse

Difficulties with Diagnosing Abuse

  • No published comprehensive account of the clinical signs and pathology of the “battered pet”

  • Emotional block

  • Lack of information (or misinformation) about animal cruelty

  • Diagnostic criteria not well established


Why veterinarians do not want to get involved

Why Veterinarians Do Not Want to Get Involved

  • Afraid of being on the witness stand

  • Resent time in court for which they are not properly compensated (loss of income)

  • Offend client or lose business

  • Unwanted publicity


Why veterinarians do not want to get involved1

Why Veterinarians Do Not Want to Get Involved

  • Danger to practice

  • Lose contact with animal

  • Concerned about liability

    • Breaching veterinarian-client confidentiality

  • Ability to advocate on behalf of animal or fear animal may be euthanized as a result of report


State laws

STATE LAWS

Minnesota, California, West Virginia, and Idaho are the only states that require veterinarians to report cases of animal cruelty. West Virginia and Idaho grant veterinarians immunity from liability and criminal prosecution.

In Colorado and California, veterinarians are mandated reporters of child abuse, but not for animal abuse.


Taking the issue to court

Taking the Issue to Court

  • VA - Class 1 Misdemeanor

    • first time offense

      • $1000

      • up to one year in jail

    • second offense

      • if first offense resulted in death

      • $2500

      • up to five years in jail


Keep an eye out for the most visible victims pets

Keep an eye out for the most visible victims - Pets

  • They can lead to the hidden victims

    • Children

    • Elders

  • They can serve as sentinels for unhealthy home environments.


Red light

Red Light

Malnourished animal may lead to malnourished children or elders.

Warning sign of household that is not nurturing - or maybe that doesn’t have the resources to care for dependents.


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

“Social welfare officials and animal officials sometimes are working on the same case and don’t even know it.”

Randall Lockwood


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

  • Many feel that animals are not as important as people and therefore do not want to spend time and resources on animal welfare issues, but it is important to realize that abused animals may lead you to abused people.


Recommendation s

Recommendation’s

Become aware of the significance of the Human-Animal Bond.

Clarify and articulate your personal responsibility to both patients and clients.

Take reports of cruelty to animals seriously.

Do not be afraid to become involved.

Participate and take leadership in community coalitions against violence.


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Community BasedMultidisciplinaryCollaborative Effort


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

SAFE PETS PROGRAMfor victims of domestic violence


Problem

Problem:

Woman’s shelter does

not allow animals


Therefore

Therefore:

  • Some women will not leave the abuser because they fear for the pet who would be left behind

  • Some pets are indeed abused and even tortured, maimed and murdered by the abuser in attempt to further hurt the victim


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

WHY?

  • He perpetuates the context of terror

  • He demonstrates his power

  • He announces through his actions,

    you may be next


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

WHY?

  • He eliminates an important source of constancy, comfort and affection

  • He demonstrates to her that there is nowhere she can be safe

  • He provides a strong incentive for her to stay with him


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

25% of women stay in in abusive relationships

to protect their pet from:

  • Physical

  • Emotional

  • Neglect

  • Sexual


Furthermore

Furthermore:

  • Pet may indeed be the woman or child’s only source of safety and love

  • Children may succeed more if access to pet is allowed


Solution

Solution:

The Center for New Beginnings

+

Licking-Muskingum

Community Correction Center

+

Humane Society of Licking County

+

Local Veterinarians


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Plan:

  • Meet with director and Aftercare Coordinator of New Beginnings

  • Document problem with new inquiry and intake form

  • Form Steering Committee

  • Search for existing programs

  • Literature search


Residents 3 c

Residents 3-C

  • Logistical

  • Screening tools

  • Educationanimal care appropriate training and discipline the link


Therapeutic advantages of contact with pets

Therapeutic Advantages of Contact with Pets

  • Opportunity to nurture

  • Pets are source of comfort

  • Learn to touch appropriately

  • Outlet for healthy affection

  • Daily responsibility for persons needing structure

  • Animal Assisted Therapy


Abusers are just aged victims

“Abusers are just aged victims”

Lynn Loar

San Francisco Child Abuse Council


Animal assisted therapy

Animal Assisted Therapy


Intergenerational

Intergenerational

  • Grace and Ben


Youth

Youth


Empathy

Empathy


Humane education interventions

Humane Education Interventions

  • Children are poorly supervised and lack training on the physical care and humane treatment of animals

  • Teach children to be kind, caring and nurturing towards animals

  • CHARACTER COUNTS!


Child development

Child Development


Healthy start

Healthy Start

  • Starts before conception with a healthy community structure

  • Family unit includes the pet


Healthy lifestyles

Healthy Lifestyles

  • Nutrition

  • Exercise

  • The social support system of human patients includes their living environment

    • pets

    • gardens


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Parents often obtain a pet

for their children because they feel

the pet will be good for them.Why?


Social emotional development

Social - Emotional Development

  • Responsibility

  • Positive self esteem

  • Social lubricant

  • Companionship

  • Non-judgmental affection


Cognitive development

Facilitate language acquisition

Enhance verbal skills

Critical importance of animals in the nursery

Classrooms- pets, art, dance, music, plants not seen past 3rd grade

Cognitive Development


Nurturing

Nurturing

  • Beneficial to development


Pets and children in violence 2002 in service

Depriving children of interaction with nature and animals may have negative effects on child development.

Questions from the Surgeon General:

  • Are children with a pet better adjusted than children without a pet?

  • Is there a tie to the increase of violence in classrooms?

  • Are pets necessary for normal human development?


Web resources

Web resources

  • http://www.vapaws.org/index.htm

  • http://www.hsus.org/firststrike/index.html

  • http://www.americanhumane.org/children/

    factsheets/viol_link.htm


First strike train the trainer

First Strike Train the Trainer

  • Friday April 26, 2002

  • Blacksburg – VMRCVM

  • Contact Lila Wills:

    • [email protected]

  • First Strike Kit

    • (888) 213-0956

    • [email protected]


Msuthers@vt edu

[email protected]


  • Login