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Background EEA. A European Union institution Established by EU Regulation Staff: about 80 Budget: ca. 20 Meuro Seat: Copenhagen. EEA home page: www.eea.eu.int. The EEA mission.

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Background eea

Background EEA

  • A European Union institution

  • Established by EU Regulation

  • Staff: about 80

  • Budget: ca. 20 Meuro

  • Seat: Copenhagen

EEA home page: www.eea.eu.int


Background eea

The EEA mission

“Through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant and reliable information to policy making agents and the public, the EEA aims to help achieve significant and measurable improvement in Europe’s environment”


Serve the countries and the commission

..serve the countries and the Commission…

Policy development

Information

from EEA

Implementation, compliance

Commission

Countries


Eea member and partner countries

EEA member and partner countries

EU Member States

+ Norway Iceland

Liechtenstein

+East Europe, Malta, Cyprus

(members in 2001)

NIS


Main eea reports

Main EEA reports

  • 1999 : Environment in the EU at the turn of the century (State and Outlook/Scenarios)

  • 2000 and 2001 : Environmental signals and Transport and environment report (indicator based reports)

  • 2002 : Europe's Environment : third Assessment (Kiev report)

  • 2004 : next State and Outlook report


Eionet e uropean environmental information and observation network

EIONETEuropean Environmental Information and Observation Network

  • National Focal Points

  • National Reference Centres

  • European Topic Centres (Air and climate change; Water; Waste; Nature and Biodiversity; Terrestrial Environment)

  • Other institutes


The european topic centre on air and climate change etc acc

The European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC)

  • Established March 2001 for three years

  • A truly European consortium

  • Lead organization: RIVM, the Netherlands (co-lead UBA Germany)

  • Around 8 manyear/year


Etc air and climate change consortium

ETC Air and Climate Change consortium

Institute of public health and environment (RIVM)Netherlands (Lead)

Umweltbundesamt (UBA Berlin) Germany

Umweltbundesamt (UBA Vienna)Austria

Norwegian Air Research Centre (NILU)Norway

EMEP Centres (CIAM/IIASA and MSCW/DNMI)Austria/Norway(Int)

Technical University Athens (NTUA)Greece

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUT)

TNO-MEPNetherlands

AEA TechnologyUnited Kingdom

Oeko-instituteGermany

Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMU)Slovakia

Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI)Czech Republic


Main objectives for etc air and climate change

Main objectives for ETC Air and Climate Change

  • To contribute to EEA main reports through assessments on climate change and air pollution (past trends, current state and outlooks);

  • To implement data collection and information systems to deliver indicators for EEA reports and policy support (EUROAIRNET, AIRBASE, CORINAIR) and to work with countries, Commission and international organisations to further streamline information gathering and reporting procedures;

  • To provide support to the EU policy and legislative frameworks CAFE (and AQ Framework Dir) and ECCP (and GHG monitoring Mechanism) and international conventions (CLRTAP and UNFCCC/IPCC);

  • To support countries in their reporting to the Commission and international organisations, and for inclusion in the ETC databases, by providing guidance/guidebooks, tools and by organising workshops.


Main policy support activities

EU Legislation

Theme

EU European Climate Change Programme

CC

EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism

CC

CAFE programme

AQ,TAP

AQ Framework Directive

AQ

Daughter Directives, Ozone Directive

AQ

National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive

AQ, TAP

AQ Exchange of Information Decision

AQ

Large Combustion Plant (LCP) Directive and Solvents Dir.

AQ

Directive on ozone deleting substances and revisions

Strat. O3

IPPC Directive and EPER Decision

All

International conventions

UNFCCC

CC

UNECE CLRTAP

TAP

Main policy support activities

TAP = Transboundary Air Pollution

TAP = Transboundary Air Pollution


Etc acc main products and services 1

ETC/ACC main products and services (1)

  • Integrated assessment air pollution/climate change and contribute to main EEA reports (Kiev Report/Signals 2002, Energy and Environment 2001, EU 2004 State and Outlook)

  • Core set of indicators AP/CC, including policy response indicators; study on CC impact indicators

  • EIONET priority data flow progress reports, updates of databases and data exchange modules/tools (AIRBASE, CORINAIR, DEM AQ/AE)


Etc acc main products and services 2

ETC/ACC main products and services (2)

  • Support to EU Monitoring Mechanism (including Kyoto requirements)

  • Reports ‘EU and MS greenhouse gas emission trends 1990-1999’ and 'Analysis and comparison of national and EU projections of greenhouse emissions’

  • EU UNFCC Greenhouse Gas Inventory (also input to the EU Third UNFCCC Communication)


Etc acc main products and services 3

ETC/ACC main products and services (3)

  • Support to the CAFE and related EU legislation

  • Reports ‘Air Quality in Europe’ and 'Air Emission Trends 1980-1999 in Europe'

  • EU CLRTAP/NECD annual emission inventory

  • Report on ozone in EU summer 2001

  • Support to EU Pollutant Emission Register (IPPC)


Etc acc main products and services 4

ETC/ACC main products and services (4)

  • Joint UNECE Task Force and EIONET Workshop on Emission Inventories and Projections (May 9-11)

  • UNECE Task Force on Modelling/Measurement and EIONET Workshop on Air Quality Management/Assessment (29-30 May-1 June)

  • Regular meetings Working Groups under EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism ('inventories' and 'policies/projections')


Eea etc contributions to cafe

EEA/ETC Contributions to CAFE

  • Support data flow and data access

  • Produce air state and outlook reports and develop indicators

  • Review sectoral emission projections

  • Explore air-CC cross-benefits

  • Link urban air quality to wider assessment framework

  • Contribute to health impact studies


Emissions of acidifying gases

Emissions of acidifying gases


Background eea

Spillover effects of climate change policies; acidification and tropospheric ozone policies and primary PM10 measures in the accelerated policy scenario. Source: RIVM (2000)


Background eea

O3: Average number of exceedance days in urban areas

(8h >110 ug/m3)

35

30

25

20

Average number of exceedance days

15

10

5

0

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Exceedance of the EU human health threshold value for ozone in urban areasin EEA18


Integrated assessment

Integrated Assessment

Economy & population

D

energy

transport

industry

agriculture

tourism

P

CO2

GHG

SO2

NOx

VOC

NHx

PM10

Emissions

Air quality

S

SO2

NO2

O3

PM10

SO2

NO2

O3

PM10

regional

urban


Essential conditions for success

Essential conditions for success

  • Cooperation with other international organizations

  • Close interaction with stakeholders

  • Well connected to sectors

  • Involving accession countries


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