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UNIT 2 VOCABULARY. Agrarian. A society mainly based on agriculture. Urbanization. The process of people moving to cities and building larger cities. Industrial Revolution. The movement that caused people to begin to use machinery and factories to manufacture goods.

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Agrarian
Agrarian

  • A society mainly based on agriculture


Urbanization
Urbanization

  • The process of people moving to cities and building larger cities.


Industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution

  • The movement that caused people to begin to use machinery and factories to manufacture goods.



ASSIGNMENT

  • With a partner at your table, you need to produce the table of pre and post Industrial Revolution. You will be graded on the following:

    • A: At least 7 of the ideas are present, and student used less than 10 words.

    • B: At least 7 of the ideas are present, and student used less than 20 words.

    • C: At least 7 of the ideas are present, and student used less than 30 words.


Steam engine
Steam Engine

  • The invention that made it possible for industrialization to take place


Subsistence farming
Subsistence Farming

  • Growing just enough food for yourself and your family to survive.


How did Britain change because

Of the Industrial Revolution?


Manufacture
Manufacture

  • The process of making raw materials (resources) into a useful item.


Mass production
Mass Production

  • The process of making large quantities of the same or similar items for sale.


Factory
Factory

  • An industrial facility where large amounts of items are mass-produced.


Colony
Colony

  • A region that is ruled by another country, but does not have the same laws or privileges as that country.


Empire
Empire

  • A mother country and all of it’s colonies.


Colonialism
Colonialism

  • The time when European countries tried to gain new colonies in other parts of the world. (Also Age of Imperialism)


Direct rule
Direct Rule

  • The policy of France and other countries where they completely controlled everything that happened in their colonies.


Indirect rule
Indirect Rule

  • The policy of England and other countries where colonies largely ruled themselves as long as they benefitted the mother country.



Reading a political cartoon
Reading a Political Cartoon

  • Step #1: Who are the people or countries shown? (HINT: Look for labels or distinct features)

  • Step #2: Where is the picture happening?

  • Step #3: Is the message positive or negative?

  • Step #4: What is the main idea of this cartoon (What message is the artist trying to send?)

  • USE THESE STEPS FOR THE NEXT 4 SLIDES


Create your own
CREATE YOUR OWN

  • Now it’s your turn to make your own political cartoons. Here are the main ideas you need to get across in your political cartoon:

    • #1: Great Britain should stay out of our country.

    • #2: Colonies are being abused.

    • #3: Monarchy is too old and doesn’t work in today’s world.

    • #4: Colonies only exist to make people in Europe lazy and rich.

    • #5: ???? Whatever you want. Be creative!


Communism
Communism

  • An economic and governmental system based on state ownership of assets


Capitalism
Capitalism

  • An economic system based on individual ownership of assets


Proletariat
Proletariat

  • Karl Marx’s working class


Bourgeoisie
Bourgeoisie

  • Karl Marx’s middle class


Labor unions
Labor Unions

  • Organizations that represent workers against factory owners or other company owners.


Monopoly
Monopoly

  • One company that controls most or all of an industry


Regulation
Regulation

  • Government control of trade in order to prevent companies from taking advantage of buyers


Competition
Competition

  • Companies working against each other to produce cheaper and better products


What does the chart show

About how people feel about

Labor unions?


Socialism
Socialism

  • Government system where the government provides it’s citizens with what they need for living.


Propaganda
Propaganda

  • Information spread about someone or something that is usually untrue to make you believe something negative about them.


Abolitionist
Abolitionist

  • A person who works for the end of slavery


Apartheid
Apartheid

  • An official policy of separation in South Africa during the 1950’s to 1990’s.


Civil disobedience
Civil Disobedience

  • The belief started by Gandhi that people should disobey government laws if they don’t make sense for the people.


Segregation
Segregation

  • An official policy of separation


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