Zakat (3 rd Pillar). 3 rd Pillar of Islam Physical worship Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 9 th Lunar Month Starting Time: Darkness of the night begins to vanish just before down. Ending Time: Sun Set Sehri Niyyah: “ I intended to keep today fast of Ramzan.”
(60 continuous Saum)
Feed 60 poor people twice a day
cash equal to Sadqah-e-Fitr to sixty persons
Not unique to the Muslims
Christians, Jews, Confucianists, Hindus etc.
O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,-- Surah Baqarah
Benefits of Saum
Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur\'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). 02 :185
” If a person is not hampered by any disease, real necessities or a tyrannical (cruel, harsh) ruler and yet does not perform Hajj, his death and the death of Jew or a Christian are the same)”
1.1. authorities can be few as 1, 2 3 4 or 5.
Imam malik-Imam Nafi (Teacher)-Abduallh bin Umar-Holy Prophet