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BMKG. CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS: CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS. Muylono R. Prabowo INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR METEOROLOG Y CLIMATOLOGY AND GEOPHISIC S Macao, 15 April 2013. MAIN PROGRAM OF BMKG. BMKG. Inspe ctorate. Dep. 3. SUBSTANTIVE PROGRAM. Ina-TEWS. Ina-MCEWS. Dep. 1&2.

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CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS: CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS

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Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

BMKG

CURRENT WARNING SYSTEMS:

CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CONCERNS

Muylono R. Prabowo

INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR METEOROLOGY CLIMATOLOGY AND GEOPHISICS

Macao, 15 April 2013


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

MAIN PROGRAM OF BMKG

BMKG

Inspectorate

Dep. 3

SUBSTANTIVE PROGRAM

Ina-TEWS

Ina-MCEWS

Dep. 1&2

Telecommunication

Instr.&Calibration

TECHNICAL PROGRAM

Dep. 4

Database

Dissemination

R&D

SUPPORTING PROGRAM

Educ&Traning

Supporrting.Fac.

DG&Ex.Sec.


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

Analysis, Forecast, Services

Observations

Products

Warnings

Advisories

TC Forecast

Weather Forecast

One Week Forecast

Aeronautical Met. Information

Marine Met. Information

Space-based

Observation

Computer System

for Meteorological Services

Information Issuance

Data Collection

Upper Air

Observation

Model Prediction PC

Collection and Dissemination of Meteorological Data

Radar

Observation

Surface Observation

Ocean Observation

Issuance of Products

at Met. Sta and HQ

International

Data

Exchange

OPERATIONAL OF METEOROLOGYAT BMKG


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

BMKG’S METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES AND USERS

PRODUCTS :

PRODUCTS :

USERS :

Public Weather

Services

- Daily Weather Forecast

Extreme weather warning

  • Ministry of Transport

  • Ministry of Agriculture

  • Ministry of Health

  • Ministry of Defense

  • Disaster Management

  • Agency (Nat’l & Regional)

  • Tourisms

  • Marine stakeholders

  • Fisheries

  • Public works/construction

  • Bulog

  • Mass Media

  • Universities

  • Research Institutions

  • - Aerodrome forecast

  • Flight-Route forecast

  • SIGMET

Aeronautical

Weather Services

- Max & Significant Wave & Swell forecast

- Surface current

- 10-meter wind forecast

Marine

Weather Services

Fax,

Email,

Web,

Telp.

& SMS

  • Hotspot/Firespot

  • Fire Weather Index

  • - Smoke dispersion/

  • Trajectory

Fire Weather

(FDRS)

Tropical

Cyclone

- TC Track forecast

- TC’s Impacted Area forecast


Dissemination of weather information for public

DISSEMINATION OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC

National Level:

ROUTINE PRODUCT

  • NDMA

  • Natnl.SAR

  • Police

  • Min. Transportation

  • Min. Public Work

  • Mass Media

National Scale Forecast

  • - Daily Weather Forecast

  • - Three day Weather Outlook

  • Potential of Flood (Daily)

  • - Potential of Forest Fire (Daily)

  • - Max&Sig. Wave Forecast

  • - Information of Tropical Cyclone

BMKG HO

WEB

E-MAIL

TELP

FAX

Provincial Level:

  • PDMA

  • SAR Offices

  • Prv. Police

  • Port Admn.

  • Prv. Public Work

  • Mass Media

Provincial Scale Forecast

  • - Daily Weather Forecast

  • - Three day Weather Outlook

  • Potential of Flood (Daily)

  • - Max&Sig. Wave Forecast

BMKG REG.OFF.

  • National Level:

  • Min.Coord.Walfare

  • NDMA

  • PDMA

  • Crisis Centre DKI

  • Army/ Police

  • Mass Media

EARLY WARNING PRODUCT

BMKG HO

Early Warning of Extreme Weather

S M S

  • Provincial Level:

  • Gavernors

  • Mayors

  • Army/ Police

  • Mass Media

BMKG REG.OFF.


Dissemination of weather information for public1

Faximile

DISSEMINATION OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC

Phone Services

Public Area Weather Display

TV Station

BMKG’s STATIONS

Email

Website

Social Media


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

MULTI MODE OF INFORMATION DISSEMINATION

BMKG

MIN.

COMM. & INFO

NDMA

LOCAL

AUTORITIES

POLRI

SIRINE

CELL. OPERATOR

MASS MEDIA

INTERNET

2303/

BMKG HO

PEOPLE / USERS


Akses layanan informasi cuaca dan peringatan dini cuaca ekstrim

AKSES LAYANAN INFORMASI CUACA DAN PERINGATAN DINI CUACA EKSTRIM

BMKG

Telepon: 021-6546315 / 08111107264

Website: http://www.bmkg.go.id

Email: [email protected] ;

[email protected]


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

BMKG

PRODUCTS OF

WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

PRODUCTS OF WEATHER INFORMATION FOR PUBLIC


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

PROVINCE WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

THREE DAYS WEATHER OUTLOOK

(TWO TIMES/WEEK)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

ONE WEEK WEATHER OUTLOOK

(TWO TIMES/WEEK)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

POTENTIAL OF FOREST FIRE (DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

POTENTIAL OF FLOOD FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

BMKG

12 HOURS WEATHER FORECAST

(TWICE A DAY)

PRAKIRAAN CUACA DAN ANGIN INDONESIA

BERLAKU 13 APRIL 2013 PUKUL 07.00 - 19.00 WIB

Prakiraan Curah Hujan

  • Peluang Hujan Ringan :

  • Sumatera bagian utara dan selatan

  • Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian selatan

  • Pesisir Timur Sumatera bagian tengah dan selatan

  • Kalimantan bagian barat, tengah dan selatan

  • Sebagian besar Sulawesi

  • Sebagian besar Maluku

  • Papua bagian barat, utara dan tengah

  • Bali dan Nusa Tenggara

  • Sebagian besar Jawa

  • Peluang Hujan Lebat

  • Beberapa tempat di Sumatera bagian utara

  • Beberapa tempat Sulawesi bagian tengah

  • Beberapa tempat di Maluku bagian utara dan tengah

  • Beberapa tempat di Papua bagian tengah

  • Beberapa tempat di Bali dan NTB

  • Beberapa tempat di Jawa bagian tengah dan timur

  • Peluang Hujan Sedang :

  • Sumatera bagian utara

  • Beberapa tempat di Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian selatan

  • Kalimantan bagian barat dan tengah

  • Sulawesi bagian utara dan tengah

  • Maluku bagian utara dan tengah

  • Papua bagian barat dan tengah

  • Bali dan NTB

  • Jawa bagian tengah dan timur

Tanggal 13 April 2013 jam 07.00 WIB

Prakiraan Angin

Tanggal13 April 2013jam 07.00 WIB

Angin di wilayah Indonesia secara umum bertiup dari arah Tenggara – Barat Daya, kecuali wilayah Sulawesi bagian Tengah, Tenggara dan Selatan, Bali dan Nusa Tenggara serta Jawa bagian Tengah dan Timur dari Timur Laut – Timur dengan kecepatan angin umumnya berkisar antara 05 – 15 knots (09 – 27 km/jam).

  • Kecepatan angin ≥15 knot (≥27 km/jam) :

  • Samudera Hindia sebelah Barat Sumatera hingga Selatan NTT

  • Laut Andaman

  • Laut Cina Selatan

  • Samudra Pasifik Timur Filipina

Badan Meteorologi Klimatologidan Geofisika


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

WINDWAVE FORECAST

(SEVEN DAYS IN ADVANCE)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

BMKG

CHALLENGES, PRESSURE, AND CHALLENGES


Geographical condition

BMKG

GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITION

  • Tropical Area,

    • Warm and humid

  • 70% area is water,

    • Sea-land interaction

  • Ring of fire,

    • Earthquake and volcanoes

  • Scale of disaster

    • Temporal and spatial scales


Observation network

Observation Network


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

Map of Seismisity


Statistic of disaster in indonesia

Statistic of Disaster in Indonesia


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

DISASTER WARNING CALENDER AND PREPAREDNESS

BMKG

BMKG

BMKG


Internal factor

BMKG

INTERNAL FACTOR

  • Observation Network,

  • Data completeness,

  • Human Resources,

  • Technology,

  • Communication,

  • Model/Accuracy,

  • Timeliness,

  • Research areas,

  • Funding


External factor

BMKG

EXTERNAL FACTOR

  • Providers,

  • Available through internet,

  • Various user needs,

  • Public understanding,

  • Low enforcement,

  • Cooperation,

  • Evaluation,

  • Accessibility


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

THANK YOU ...

AGENCY FOR METEOROLOGYCLIMATOLOGYAND GEOPHYSICS (BMKG)

JL. ANGKASA I NO. 2 KEMAYORAN

JAKARTA PUSAT – INDONESIA 10720

TEL: +6221-4246321, +6221-6546315 (WEATHER) , +6221-6546316 (EARTHQUAKE)

FAX.: +6221-4246703

http://www.bmkg.go.id


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

AREA RESPONSIBILITY OF JAKARTA - TROPICAL CYCLONE WARNING CENTER


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

Citra Satelit Cuaca 23 April 2008 – 07.00 WIB

Badai Tropis “DURGA”

Badai Tropis “ROSIE”


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

Badai Tropis “DURGA”

DAMPAK BADAI ”DURGA” TERHADAP CUACA DI INDONESIA :

Potensi hujan sedang - lebat dan angin kencang (kec. 36 km/jam) di sekitar Pesisir Barat Sumatera bagian Selatan dan Pesisir Selatan Jawa bagian Barat.


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

JAKARTA WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

PROVINCIAL WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

CAPITAL CITIES WEATHER FORECAST

(DAILY)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

THREE DAYS WEATHER OUTLOOK

(TWO TIMES/WEEK)


Current warning systems challenges pressure and concerns

ONE WEEK WEATHER OUTLOOK

(TWICE A WEEK)


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