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第十二章 国民收入的核算 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第十二章 国民收入的核算. 国内生产总值 国民收入核算的两种方法 与国内生产总值相关的几个概念 国民收入的基本公式 名义 GDP 和实际 GDP. • 12.2 国民收入核算 对象 12.2.1 国内生产总值,用 GDP 代表 ( Gross Domestic Products ). 例如: 农民生产小麦 面粉厂生产面粉 面包厂生产面包 零售商出售面包 GDP 总计. A 国 1000 1200 1500 1800 1800. B 国 1000 1200 1800 1800. •. •. •. •. •.

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第十二章 国民收入的核算

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6331993

  • GDPGDP


6331993

12.2

12.2.1GDP

Gross Domestic Products


6331993

GDP

A

1000

1200

1500

1800

1800

B

1000

1200

1800

1800


Final product goods

final product goods


Intermediate goods

Intermediate goods

  • value added


6331993

GDP

A

1000

1200

1500

1800

1800

5500

B

1000

1200

1800

1800

4000


6331993

A

B

C


6331993

1


6331993

:

A, GDP

B

GDP

GDP


6331993

:

:


6331993


6331993

A

GDP


6331993

B

GDP

1/3


6331993

= PiQi

i = 1n


6331993

A


6331993

100

80

GDP = 10020

Involuntary

Inventory

inv

inv = 20inv0


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100120

GDP = 100, inv = -20

inv 0


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B

GDP


6331993

2. GDP GNP

1GDP

GDP

GDP = +


6331993

GDP


6331993

2GNP

GNP

:


6331993

GNP = +

GNP


6331993

GDP = +

GNP = +

GDP - GNP =


6331993

GDP - GNP =


Gnp gdp

GNPGDP

  • GNP

  • GDP.

  • GNP

  • GDP

  • GDPGNPGNP

  • GDPGNP

  • GDP


Gnp gdp1

GNPGDP

  • GNP

  • GDP

  • GNPGDP

  • GNPGDP

  • GNP<GDP<


6331993

GDP

GDP


6331993

GDP


3 gdp

3.GDP

  • (1)

  • (2)

  • (3)


6331993

GDP


6331993

4

286

586

IT


6331993


6331993

GNP Gross National Pollution

GNP Gross National Pollution

GNP

68


6331993

GDP


6331993


6331993


6331993

GDP


Gdp gdp

GDPGDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP


6331993

5

5

6

5


6331993

GDP

GDP


6331993

GDP

2006

GDP


6331993

2002

76


6331993


6331993


6331993


6331993

2009


6331993

GDP

  • GDP = PiQi

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • GDP


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4.

  • GDP

  • GDP

  • GDP


6331993

==1

  • =


6331993

==2

  • =

  • ==

  • 505050

  • ==+


6331993

  • ==

  • GDP


6331993

12.3

1. expenditure approach

  • final product approach

GDPCIG XM

C consumptionGDP


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1CConsume


6331993

GDP

GDP


I investment

Iinvestment

fixed

  • inventory


6331993


6331993

  • replacement

  • =

  • = -


6331993

:

(1),.

,.

(2)?:,.

(3).


6331993

  • A.

  • B.

  • C.

GDP

  • 500


6331993

G

  • .


6331993

G


X m net exports

XM net exports

  • XM


6331993

http://cei.56.org.cn/index/index/indexhome.asp


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%

()(%)

()(%)

2009

341515.0

166126.2

121712.8

35.6

-

-

44413.4

162297.1

155333.3

6963.8

13092.0

47.5

48.6

2008

314901.3

152346.6

110594.5

35.1

27206.4

81185.8

41752.1

138325.3

128084.4

10240.9

24229.4

43.9

48.4

2007

265833.9

131510.1

93602.9

35.2

23912.6

69690.3

35190.9

110943.2

105435.9

5483.6

23380.6

42.2

49

2006

222240.0

112631.9

80476.9

36.2

21106.7

59370.2

30118.4

92954.1

90150.9

4251.1

16654.0

42.6

49.9

2005

187131.2

99051.3

72652.5

38.8

19228.2

51989.3

26398.8

77856.8

74232.9

3624.0

10223.1

42.7

51.8

2004

160800.1

87552.6

65218.5

40.5

17550.6

46282.9

22334.1

69168.4

65117.7

4050.7

4079.1

43.2

54.3

2003

136634.8

77685.5

57649.8

42.2

16305.7

40528.7

20035.7

55963.0

53490.7

2472.3

2986.3

41.0

56.8

2002

120475.6

71816.5

53056.6

44.0

16271.7

36299.6

18759.9

45565.0

43632.1

1932.9

3094.1

37.9

59.6

2001

109028.0

66933.9

49435.9

45.3

15791.0

33422.2

17498.0

39769.4

37754.5

2014.9

2324.7

36.5

61.40

2000

98749.0

61516.0

45854.6

46.4

15147.4

30707.2

15661.4

34842.8

33844.4

998.4

2390.2

35.3

62.30


6331993

1GDP0046.4%35.6%

235.3%47.5%,

3GDP40%

4

5

6


6331993


6331993

..

???????

17


6331993

1?

2

GDP


2 income approach

2. income approach

  • ----W+i+R+E

  • GDP

  • factor payment approach

GDP

  • +

  • 31 2 3


6331993

1

2


6331993

3


6331993

    • 13/17

    • 3-15%


6331993

GDP


6331993

=


3 production approach

3. production approach

  • GDP

  • sector approach GDP

  • GDP

  • 17


6331993

GDP


6331993

()

()

()

()


6331993

12.4

1.NDP net domestic products

  • NDPGDP

  • NDP

  • GDP

  • GDPNDP

  • GDP


6331993

2.NI

  • national income

  • GDPNDP

NI

NDP

  • NI


6331993

3. PI

  • personal income

PI

NI


4 dpi

4. DPI

  • disposable personal income

  • DPI

  • DPI = PI

  • DPICS

  • DPI = GDP Z T

  • Z

  • T


6331993

  • 80005000500300020003000250050020001500

5.

  • GDP

  • NDP

  • NDP

  • NI

  • GDP

    =8000+5000+2500+2000-1500=16000

  • NDP

    =16000-500=15500

  • NI

    =15500-2000=13500

  • PI

    =13500+500=14000

  • DPI

    =14000-3000-2000=13000

  • NI

  • PI

  • PI

  • DPI


6331993

6.

  • GDP GNP

  • GDP

  • GDP

  • NIDPI


6331993

12.5

1. GDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP()GDP

  • GDP

  • GDP


6331993

1987

Q() P()

2002

Q() P()

:

15

50

2

2.2

20

40

2.5

4

GDP

GDP

152+502.2=140202.5+404=210

152+502.2=140 202+402.2=128


6331993

Pi Qi Pi

1987GDP


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2GDP

GDP Deflator=GDPGDP100

Pti Qti

= 100

Pbi Qti

i = 1n

i i t t

b Qti i

Pti i Pbi i


3 cpi consumer price index

3CPI Consumer Price Index

CPI :

Pti Qbi

CPI = 100

Pbi Qbi

i = 1n

i i t t

b Qbi i

Pti i Pbi i


6331993

2CPI GDP Deflator

GDP Deflator

CPI

n

n

Qti

,

Qbi


6331993

2.

  • GDPGDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP GDP GDP

GDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP


3 cnp

3. CNP

  • Comprehensive National Power

  • GDP

  • 20021231 1 2.6% 8530 2 1.1% 4947 3 2.6% 4280 4 2.3% 4096 5 2.0% 4081 6 4.9% 2901 7 7.7% 2863

  • 2010


6331993

12.6

1.

  • GDP=NDPNIY

=


6331993

GDP

  • GDP = CI

  • GDP = CS

  • GDP = C + I

  • GDP = C + S

Y

  • C+I=GDP=C+S I=S


6331993

I = S

I = S

i = s

  • i = s =

  • i < s <

  • i > s >


6331993

2.

  • Y=C+I+G

  • YGDP

  • Y=C+S+T

  • T=T0-Tr

  • C+I+G = Y = C+S+T

  • I+G = S+T I= S+T G

  • T G


6331993

3.

  • YC+I+G+X-M (X-M)

  • YC+S+T+Kr Kr

  • C + I + G + (X-M) Y C + S + T + Kr

  • I + G + (X-M) S + T + Kr

  • I S +TG MKr X


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