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第十二章 国民收入的核算 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第十二章 国民收入的核算. 国内生产总值 国民收入核算的两种方法 与国内生产总值相关的几个概念 国民收入的基本公式 名义 GDP 和实际 GDP. • 12.2 国民收入核算 对象 12.2.1 国内生产总值,用 GDP 代表 ( Gross Domestic Products ). 例如: 农民生产小麦 面粉厂生产面粉 面包厂生产面包 零售商出售面包 GDP 总计. A 国 1000 1200 1500 1800 1800. B 国 1000 1200 1800 1800. •. •. •. •. •.

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第十二章 国民收入的核算

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  • GDPGDP


12.2

12.2.1GDP

Gross Domestic Products


GDP

A

1000

1200

1500

1800

1800

B

1000

1200

1800

1800


final product goods


Intermediate goods

  • value added


GDP

A

1000

1200

1500

1800

1800

5500

B

1000

1200

1800

1800

4000


A

B

C


1


:

A, GDP

B

GDP

GDP


:

:



A

GDP


B

GDP

1/3


= PiQi

i = 1n


A


100

80

GDP = 10020

Involuntary

Inventory

inv

inv = 20inv0


100120

GDP = 100, inv = -20

inv 0


B

GDP


2. GDP GNP

1GDP

GDP

GDP = +


GDP


2GNP

GNP

:


GNP = +

GNP


GDP = +

GNP = +

GDP - GNP =


GDP - GNP =


GNPGDP

  • GNP

  • GDP.

  • GNP

  • GDP

  • GDPGNPGNP

  • GDPGNP

  • GDP


GNPGDP

  • GNP

  • GDP

  • GNPGDP

  • GNPGDP

  • GNP<GDP<


GDP

GDP


GDP


3.GDP

  • (1)

  • (2)

  • (3)


GDP


4

286

586

IT



GNP Gross National Pollution

GNP Gross National Pollution

GNP

68


GDP




GDP


GDPGDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP


5

5

6

5


GDP

GDP


GDP

2006

GDP


2002

76





2009


GDP

  • GDP = PiQi

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • GDP


4.

  • GDP

  • GDP

  • GDP


==1

  • =


==2

  • =

  • ==

  • 505050

  • ==+


  • ==

  • GDP


12.3

1. expenditure approach

  • final product approach

GDPCIG XM

C consumptionGDP


1CConsume


GDP

GDP


Iinvestment

fixed

  • inventory



  • replacement

  • =

  • = -


:

(1),.

,.

(2)?:,.

(3).


  • A.

  • B.

  • C.

GDP

  • 500


G

  • .


G


XM net exports

  • XM


http://cei.56.org.cn/index/index/indexhome.asp


%

()(%)

()(%)

2009

341515.0

166126.2

121712.8

35.6

-

-

44413.4

162297.1

155333.3

6963.8

13092.0

47.5

48.6

2008

314901.3

152346.6

110594.5

35.1

27206.4

81185.8

41752.1

138325.3

128084.4

10240.9

24229.4

43.9

48.4

2007

265833.9

131510.1

93602.9

35.2

23912.6

69690.3

35190.9

110943.2

105435.9

5483.6

23380.6

42.2

49

2006

222240.0

112631.9

80476.9

36.2

21106.7

59370.2

30118.4

92954.1

90150.9

4251.1

16654.0

42.6

49.9

2005

187131.2

99051.3

72652.5

38.8

19228.2

51989.3

26398.8

77856.8

74232.9

3624.0

10223.1

42.7

51.8

2004

160800.1

87552.6

65218.5

40.5

17550.6

46282.9

22334.1

69168.4

65117.7

4050.7

4079.1

43.2

54.3

2003

136634.8

77685.5

57649.8

42.2

16305.7

40528.7

20035.7

55963.0

53490.7

2472.3

2986.3

41.0

56.8

2002

120475.6

71816.5

53056.6

44.0

16271.7

36299.6

18759.9

45565.0

43632.1

1932.9

3094.1

37.9

59.6

2001

109028.0

66933.9

49435.9

45.3

15791.0

33422.2

17498.0

39769.4

37754.5

2014.9

2324.7

36.5

61.40

2000

98749.0

61516.0

45854.6

46.4

15147.4

30707.2

15661.4

34842.8

33844.4

998.4

2390.2

35.3

62.30


1GDP0046.4%35.6%

235.3%47.5%,

3GDP40%

4

5

6



..

???????

17


1?

2

GDP


2. income approach

  • ----W+i+R+E

  • GDP

  • factor payment approach

GDP

  • +

  • 31 2 3


1

2


3


    • 13/17

    • 3-15%


GDP


=


3. production approach

  • GDP

  • sector approach GDP

  • GDP

  • 17


GDP


()

()

()

()


12.4

1.NDP net domestic products

  • NDPGDP

  • NDP

  • GDP

  • GDPNDP

  • GDP


2.NI

  • national income

  • GDPNDP

NI

NDP

  • NI


3. PI

  • personal income

PI

NI


4. DPI

  • disposable personal income

  • DPI

  • DPI = PI

  • DPICS

  • DPI = GDP Z T

  • Z

  • T


  • 80005000500300020003000250050020001500

5.

  • GDP

  • NDP

  • NDP

  • NI

  • GDP

    =8000+5000+2500+2000-1500=16000

  • NDP

    =16000-500=15500

  • NI

    =15500-2000=13500

  • PI

    =13500+500=14000

  • DPI

    =14000-3000-2000=13000

  • NI

  • PI

  • PI

  • DPI


6.

  • GDP GNP

  • GDP

  • GDP

  • NIDPI


12.5

1. GDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP()GDP

  • GDP

  • GDP


1987

Q() P()

2002

Q() P()

:

15

50

2

2.2

20

40

2.5

4

GDP

GDP

152+502.2=140202.5+404=210

152+502.2=140 202+402.2=128


Pi Qi Pi

1987GDP


2GDP

GDP Deflator=GDPGDP100

Pti Qti

= 100

Pbi Qti

i = 1n

i i t t

b Qti i

Pti i Pbi i


3CPI Consumer Price Index

CPI :

Pti Qbi

CPI = 100

Pbi Qbi

i = 1n

i i t t

b Qbi i

Pti i Pbi i


2CPI GDP Deflator

GDP Deflator

CPI

n

n

Qti

,

Qbi


2.

  • GDPGDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP GDP GDP

GDP

  • GDPGDP

  • GDP


3. CNP

  • Comprehensive National Power

  • GDP

  • 20021231 1 2.6% 8530 2 1.1% 4947 3 2.6% 4280 4 2.3% 4096 5 2.0% 4081 6 4.9% 2901 7 7.7% 2863

  • 2010


12.6

1.

  • GDP=NDPNIY

=


GDP

  • GDP = CI

  • GDP = CS

  • GDP = C + I

  • GDP = C + S

Y

  • C+I=GDP=C+S I=S


I = S

I = S

i = s

  • i = s =

  • i < s <

  • i > s >


2.

  • Y=C+I+G

  • YGDP

  • Y=C+S+T

  • T=T0-Tr

  • C+I+G = Y = C+S+T

  • I+G = S+T I= S+T G

  • T G


3.

  • YC+I+G+X-M (X-M)

  • YC+S+T+Kr Kr

  • C + I + G + (X-M) Y C + S + T + Kr

  • I + G + (X-M) S + T + Kr

  • I S +TG MKr X


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