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STEP from a Life Cycle Point of View - The PLCS Initiative. NASA STEP for Aerospace Workshop JPL Pasadena, 17 January 2001. Presented by: Howard Mason, BAE SYSTEMS Position: Chairman of the Board, PLCS Inc. Chairman, ISO TC184 SC4. Agenda. Key Business Drivers

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step from a life cycle point of view the plcs initiative

STEP from a Life Cycle Point of View - The PLCS Initiative

NASA STEP for Aerospace Workshop

JPL Pasadena, 17 January 2001

Presented by: Howard Mason, BAE SYSTEMS

Position: Chairman of the Board, PLCS Inc.

Chairman, ISO TC184 SC4

agenda
Agenda
  • Key Business Drivers
  • Impact of the Internet - B2B exchanges
  • Overview of Current Standards
  • About the PLCS initiative
  • The PLCS Technical Approach
  • Questions
key business drivers
Key Business Drivers
  • International Collaboration demands product data exchange and sharing across many organisations
  • Defence and Airline customers and major aerospace companies want a single way to exchange digital product data
  • Suppliers want a unified approach from prime contractors
  • Worldwide operation demands a worldwide standard
key business drivers4
Key Business Drivers
  • Shared or Integrated Digital Environments demand accurate information on product configuration, which is:
    • Achieved on delivery
    • Maintained through the lifecycle
    • Communicated between customer and supplier
    • Communicated along the supply chain
  • Integrated software needs configuration management
    • Product software is a key element of the platform
    • Need closer control of product structure than ever before
    • Need to integrate and maintain information from multiple sources and systems
the internet changes everything
The Internet changes everything...
  • “The emergence of the internet and the associated opportunities has sounded a wake-up call to all product development organisations across the world to change and adapt the way they do business or risk being run over”
  • GartnerGroup, Strategic Analysis Report
  • “How you gather, manage and use information will determine whether you win or lose”
  • Bill Gates, Microsoft Corporation
  • “The internet is driving business change and technology change and it lets you use the open standards to run your business”
  • Oracle Corporation
which industries are likely to embrace b2b solutions

“e-Business growth over the next few years will be primarily comprised of business to business (B2B) transactions and will be driven bymanufacturing and supply-chain related industries”

Source: Forrester Research Group

Financial Times, 10 Feb 2000

Which industries are likely to embrace B2B solutions?
  • “ We conclude that industries that are B2B inclined exhibit certain key characteristics.
  • Some of these characteristics include the following:
    • The supply chain is highly diffuse
    • Techno-innovators dominate the culture
    • Process represents more than 20% of total costs
    • Products exhibit complex configurations
    • Expense pressure is intense”

www.goldmansachs.com/hightech/research/b2b

opportunity of a lifetime or business as usual

Exostar addresses three distinct needs in the aerospace and defense industry:

  • Non-production procurement
  • Designing and building aerospace and defense products
  • Spares and maintenance for airlines, aviation operators and defense businesses
“Opportunity of a lifetime” or “Business as usual” ?
  • “by 2004 the aerospace sector will have the largest proportion of internet-based Business to Business (B2B) sales,35%…” B2B: 2b or not 2B?, Goldman Sachs, 11/99
  • but today…
  • “only 3%of all transactions involving sales of aviation parts are conducted on line”
  • Shop Talk: Parts. Planes and B2B exchanges, Red Herring, 24 Feb 2000
different types of b2b exchanges

Standards required

to define life cycle

transactions,

content and context

Different types of B2B Exchanges

Few largestrategic customers

Capture Customer Requirements and Develop Winning Products

Many customers

(potentially unknown)

Attract New Customersthrough Personalized Products

Capitalize on Supplier Competency and Capacity

Sub-contractors,

contract manufacturers, and strategic suppliers

Dynamically Identify Sources and Reduce Transaction Costs

Direct Materials

Indirect Materials

New suppliers

overview of current standards for the aerospace industry
Overview of current standardsfor the Aerospace Industry
  • Transaction oriented
    • Defence: AECMA 2000M
    • Commercial: ATA Spec 2000, EDIFACT, ANSI X.12
  • Content oriented
    • Manufacturing and process centric:
      • ISO 9000, STEP
    • Operations and maintenance centric:
      • Defence: MIL-STD-1388, Def-Stan 00-60, AECMA 1000D
      • Commercial: ATA Spec 100, 200, 2100
  • Summary
    • Current standards are very specialized and focus on either:
      • a piece of a business transaction, I.e. Order, Part or Invoice
      • presentation of specific content, I.e. Aircraft maintenance manual
what is the adoption rate of these standards
What is the adoption rate of these standards?
  • ATA Spec 2000
    • 342 Spec2000 participants
      • 84 airlines out of 750+
      • 78 ‘non-airlines’ out of thousands
      • 180 suppliers out of tens of thousands
  • AECMA 2000M
    • many of the recent large defence programs, i.e. Tornado, Eurofighter…
      • only the largest EU A&D manufacturers
      • some of the larger EU defence ministries
  • Conclusion
    • modest penetration, mainly with the largest Tier 1 operators/suppliers
    • barrier to entry ( $, expertise…) is too high for the majority
so what is missing
So what is missing?
  • Available standards do not address product support requirements
  • Major problems keeping technical information in line with the changing physical product through life
  • Major problems linking support information to relevant product information
  • Software applications use proprietary data standards and are often difficult to integrate
  • Inconsistent data definitions

Existing standards are insufficient to

support the forecasted growth in e-business

business problem

Technical

Documentation

Transportation

Consumables

Maintenance

Schedules

Software

Tools

Spares

Test

Equipment

Training

Support

Facilities

Storage

Requirements

Business Problem...
  • How to keep the data needed to operate and maintain a product in line with the changing product over its life cycle?

Product

in Focus

the product life cycle support plcs initiative
The Product Life Cycle Support (PLCS) initiative
  • About PLCS
    • A joint industry and government initiative to accelerate development of new standards for product support information
    • An international project, managed within the ISO framework, to produce draft standard(s) within 3 years.
    • PLCS utilizes ISO 10303 STEP - the STandard for Exchange of Product model data
    • PLCS Inc. established in 1999 by 14 leading private and public sector organisations
plcs launch members

Finnish

Defence

Forces

information services

PLCS Launch Members
goals of plcs
Goals of PLCS
  • Improve product availability
  • Reduce operating,support and maintenance costs
  • Improve quality and accessibility of Product Life Cycle Support information
  • Accelerate technical development of the ISO standards
  • Encourage early implementation commercial software vendors
  • Encourage early industry participation in the development and testing of the standard
the product life cycle support plcs initiative16

Change Directives

Standard

Commercial

Transactions

Feed &

Extract

Product Structure

Product Representations

Query

Maintain/Dispose

Support Performance

Product Performance

Support Environment

Use

`

Respond

Failure Analysis

Derived

Disposable

Data

Maintenance Analysis

Task Resource Data

Support and Operational

Feedback

The Product Life Cycle Support (PLCS) Initiative

Scope of STEP

today

Life

Cycle

Data

Shared

Data

key deliverables
Key Deliverables
  • New capability for support, based on simplified and integrated process components
  • Interface standards defined to support enterprise integration
  • Integrated data models using common terminology
  • Cost drivers and performance metrics identified - generic and industry specific
  • Information available for education and awareness programmes
  • ISO standard for the exchange of product life cycle support data
the plcs technical approach
The PLCS Technical Approach
  • Organisation
  • Links to ISO
  • Activity Modelling
  • Data Modelling
  • Testing
plcs organisation

ISO

Secretariat

TC184/SC4

Liaison

WG3/T8

Liaison

PLCS Organisation

PLCS

Board

Contract

Service Provider

Project

Management

STEP

Experts

Domain

Experts

Vendor

Experts

Academic

Experts

links to iso
Links to ISO

ISO Ballots and Publication

Draft for

ballot

TS

NWI

Q

Q

AM

development

AM Comment

Resolution

Outline

PLCS Scope,

Activity Model,

Module

Structure

Define

Activity Model,

Data Planning

Model,

APs &AMs

CD

DIS

Q

Q

AP

development

AP Comment

Resolution

Vendor testing

plcs helps facilitate business improvement as is to be process

Business

Business

Limited scope

Exploit the new capabilities

Life cycle business

Understand Life Cycle Support

Fixed boundaries

Open and Flexible

Hard to Change

Agile

Poor cost awareness

Lean and focused

Process

Process

Coherent

Fragmented

Simplified

Duplicated

Organization Specific

Open

Locked by IT

IT independent

Data

Data

Common language

Inconsistent Terminology

Format “ as required”

Format dependent

Develop Data Standard

Reduced data set

Massive duplication

Portable data

Islands of IT

PLCS helps facilitate business improvement As-Is/To-Be process
top level model
Top Level Model

Provide Life

Cycle Support

level 1 model major work areas

USED AT:

AUTHOR:

DATE:

1999-08-09

WORKING

READER

DATE

CONTEXT:

PROJECT: PLCS AAM v2.idd

REV:

2000-01-14

DRAFT

RECOMMENDED

NOTES: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

PUBLICATION

A-0

Life Cycle Directives

Product data

Manage

Information to Life Cycle Owner

Operator Feedback

Configuration

and

Customer

Support

Required Support

Demands

Orders for Support

Information

Elements

IPS Data

Elements

A1

Identify,

Info from

Information to System Designer

Define,

other

& Develop

Systems

Support Plans

Support

Solution

Support

Feedback

A2

System

Information to

Performance

Deploy &

System Operators

Support

Support Data

Sustain

Elements

Support

Deployed Elements

System

Support

Supported

A3

Feedback

Product

Product

Maintain the

Product

needing

Support System

Items for

Support

Experience

Disposal

Arisings from

A4

Disposal

Dispose

of Product

Returned Items

Requests

and Arising

for

Support

Disposal

A5

Maintainer

Elements

Data

Feedback

NODE:

TITLE:

Provide Through Life Support for a Product

NUMBER:

A0

Level 1 Model: Major Work Areas

Configuration Management

and Change Control

Support

Engineering

Resource

Management

Maintenance and

Feedback

areas of development

Support

Engineering

Resource

Management

Maintenance

and

Feedback

CM/Change

Control

Areas of Development
  • Support Engineering
    • Provide and sustain the support infrastructure
  • Resource Management
    • Buy, store, pack, move, issue and dispose of the physical product
  • CM/Change Control
    • Manage change to a configured item throughout the life cycle including tracking of serial number where applicable
  • Maintenance and Feedback
    • Maintain, test, diagnose, calibrate, repair and modify physical product, including schedules, resources and feedback
plcs main activity areas

Business

Business

Limited scope

Life cycle business

Fixed boundaries

Open and Flexible

Hard to Change

Agile

Poor cost awareness

Lean and focused

“As is” Scenarios

Process

Published standards

Process

Published standards

Publish standards

Develop Activity Models

Test and

Integrate

Coherent

Fragmented

Test and

Integrate

Test and

Integrate

Simplified

Duplicated

Organization Specific

Open

Information Rqmts

ExchangeReqts

Locked by IT

IT independent

Data

Data

Common language

Inconsistent Terminology

PLCS Modules (20)

Requirement

Data Model

Documentation

Format “ as required”

Format dependent

Reduced data set

Massive duplication

Portable data

Islands of IT

PLCS - main activity areas

Automate Current Processes

New Integrated Processes

Better , Cheaper Information

NATO CALS PP1 and TLBM

ISO Prelim Work Item

Usage Guides

PLCS Launch

“To be” Scenarios

plcs inputs to project

ATA

CORDAS

EIA-836

PLCS

Initiative

NATO

Pilot

Project #1

PLIB

PLCS: Inputs to project

POSC/

Caesar

Mil Spec

2549

Def Stan

00-60

AP208

TC184/SC4

WG3/T8

PWI

Mil Spec

1388

FMV

CTG2

NCDM

AECMA

1000D

2000M

ATA

Effectivity

PDM

Schema

AP 233

STEP

AP203

AP214

OMG

ISO

15288

proposed plcs data modules 20 off

Task

Support

Drivers

Diagnostics

& Monitor

Resources

Usage

Reporting

Facility

Functional

Capability

Scenario

Failure

Reporting

Resource

Usage

Job, Plan

& Schedule

Resource

Distribution

Instances

Characteristics

Product

Structure

Product

Aspect

Person

Organisation

Reference

Data

Document

Event

Change/Effectivity/Approval

Proposed PLCS Data Modules (20 off)

Work

Areas

SE

MF

Key

Requirements Analysis

Data Modelling

Established Standards

IM

CM

Core

Time

implementation plan summary
Implementation Plan Summary
  • Year 1 - Nov 99 to October 2000
    • Develop and document process models, and associated process definitions, for the top level support processes
      • Support Engineering
      • Configuration Management
      • Maintenance and Feedback
      • Inventory Management
    • Develop scenarios for testing
  • Year 2 - Nov 2000 to October 2001
    • Develop data exchange modules
    • Develop pilot implementation scenarios
  • Year 3 - Nov 2001 to October 2002
    • Trial data exchanges using draft ISO standard
    • Progress standard through stages of ISO approval
current status
Current status
  • Progressive release of Activity models and scenarios for industry review - from end 2000
  • Launch development of data modules
    • PLCS Core - PDM schema plus extensions from AP 214 for “tail-number” tracking
    • Resources and Task Planning
    • Feedback from Operations and Maintenance
  • Initial data modules available April-June 2001
  • Trial implementation by October 2001
  • Key customers looking a the process changes to take full advantage of PLCS approach
business benefits of plcs
Business benefits of PLCS ...
  • Improved quality and access to support information, throughout the product life cycle and across the supply chain
  • Reduced costs of acquiring, maintaining and delivering Product Support information
  • Improved asset availability
  • Provides ability to communicate consistently across COTS software
  • Makes product change easier to manage
  • Protects investment in product data

PLCS provides the potential to fully enable B2B

in addition the benefits of joining plcs as a member
In addition- the benefits of joining PLCS as a member...
  • Membership of PLCS during the development of the standard provides the following additional benefits…
    • Forum for exchange of views, experience and discussion of critical issues
    • Develop new relationships, business contacts and sales opportunities
    • Ability to influence the direction and scope of PLCS to ensure it meets your business needs
    • Opportunity to learn about STEP and its benefits
    • Early visibility of requirements to allow effective planning for implementation
    • Access to existing data, business models and improvement initiatives from world leading organisations
summary
Summary
  • B2B e-commerce is set to grow significantly in the next 5 years
  • There is a growing trend towards leveraging the information asset to win new business in the Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) market
  • After-market service is forecast to be a significant element of the B2B market
  • Existing standards do not fully address the product support requirement
  • PLCS standards will allow support information to be aligned with the changing product over its entire life cycle
  • Adoption of PLCS standard will lead to reduced operating costs and increased product availability
for more information
For more information ...

www.plcsinc.org

any questions

Support

Engineering

Resource

Management

Maintenance

and

Feedback

CM/Change

Control

Any Questions?
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