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FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Panic selling. Stocks drop. Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity. Agr crisis in US when farmers can ’ t pay mortgages on land bought during the war. Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again. Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

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FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29)

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Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Panic selling

Stocks drop

Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity

Agr crisis in US when farmers can’t pay mortgages on land bought during the war

Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again

Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

5000 US banks, which over-invested in stock mkt, crash Eur. Banks crash when US banks call in loans

Tariffs to protect home mkts

Stock mkt craze in US where investors pay only 10% down & borrow rest from banks at 10-15% interest

Stocks must rise 10-15%/yr to break even  Investors prone to panic selling at 1st sign of trouble

Unbalanced $ flow to US for loans, goods & resources

US loans & sales to Eur.

Higher prices & heavier competition  fewer mkts

FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29)

After-effects of World War I on world economy (FC.128)

Eur’s rebuild ind’s, but don’t reclaim mkts (FC.128)

US takes over many Eur. Mkts (FC.128)

Loss of faith in econ.

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Cut production

Worldwide depression (FC.132)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.132 THE GREAT DEPRESSION & EFFORTS TO SOLVE IT (1929-39)

More unemployment  Fewer consumers

Surplus in govt. treasury

Tax low & spend high in hard times

Stimulates econ. recovery

Tax high & spend low in prosperous times

US: FDR’s New Deal supports:

Govt’s raise tariffs & establish import quotas, trading blocs & bilateral trade pacts  World trade drops 2/3 by 1933

Brit. Abandons gold standard & devalues its currency to undersell for. Competition  Other nations copy  Chaos

Can better defend itself

Depression deepens & internat’l tensions build  Growing belief that the Indust. State should work more actively to ensure the welfare of soc.

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Can better defend itself

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Rising international tensions

Keynesian Economics

Electronics & radar

Milit., navy, & aircraft

Brit: funds new programs:

Depression spreads over the globe (FC.131)

Govt’s cut civil servants’ pay & public works programs

Germany, Italy, & Japan build their military Short-term jobs, but also aggression (FC.135)

Banks, Agr., & vital ind’s

Publ. works  Jobs

Aggression escalates into World War II (FC.136)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925)

Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise

Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing:

Is aggressively nationalistic

Political & economic chaos in Italy

Few resources in Italy

Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power

Italy’s military strength

Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams)

Controls most aspects of society

Rise of Fascism which:

Italy’s ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft

World War I (FC.127)

Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130)

Allows private prop. & free enterprise

Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity & power by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order.

Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers He ends civil liberties

Depression (FC.132)

Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.134 THE RISE OF HITLER AND THE NAZIS (1919-39)

Moderate but weak Weimar Republic  Can’t maintain law & order

Hitler builds his power & Ger. Nat’l pride by:

Making Jews scapegoats for Ger’s problems

Nazis gain support during Depression using a combination of:

Industrialists make Hitler chancellor (1933) to stop Comm’s

Nazis burn the Reichstag & blame the Communists Emergency powers & legal basis for Hitler’s dictatorship

Rise of Hitler & Nazis who believe in:

Strain on Ger. econ  aggression

Growing fear of Ger. aggression

Harsh Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Depression  Higher tariffs & tensions (FC.132)

Ger. econ. collapses with U.S. stock Mkt. (FC.131)

Ger. bitter & unstable

Belief Jews betrayed Ger.

Avenging Tr. of Vers.

Master Aryan race

Hatred of Jews, Slavs, & other “inferior” races

Street fights vs. Comm’s to embarrass weak Ger. Govt

Propaganda + free food & festivals to win popularity

Rearming Germany to 7X its 1933 level

Using terror, govt. powers, & propaganda to crush his enemies 1 by 1

World War II (FC.135)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.135 THE ROAD TO WORLD WAR II

Japan takes Manchuria (1931)  Invades China (1937) W. powers do nothing

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Fr allies w/Ger’s neighbors, incl. Russia

Fr & Br finally decide to stop future Ger aggression

Br, fearing Rus. Power, lets Ger. Rebuild its navy

Allies try to overthrow communists Rus. Hostile vs. Western powers

Intense fear of war

Stalin allies w/Hitler since Fr & Br won’t stop Hitler

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Encourages fascist aggression

Italy invades Ethiopia (1935)

Hitler occupies Rhineland (‘36)

Ger. & It. intervene in Sp. Civ. War

Hitler occupies Austria (1938

Hitler takes Sudetenland (‘38)

Hitler takes rest of Czech (3/’39)

Intense fear of war

Western powers fail to react

First World War (FC.127)

Depression (FC.132)

Rus. Rev. (FC.130)

Ger. bitter It rearms (FC.134)

Ger. invades Poland (9/1/39) Fr & Br decl. war on Ger WW II (FC.136)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Devastation of Ger’’s cities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

New developments in warfare:

Blitzkrieg using concerted attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

France & Brit. declare war, but do nothing vs Ger. while it is involved in E. Europe

Hitler takes Norway, Denmark, & Fr. (1940)

Continued population growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Continuous front is mobile  Much more destruction

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Stalin takes E. Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, & parts of Romania

Ger. Blitzkrieg almost conquers SU in 1941

Br., w/US aid, hangs on vs Ger. Air raids & submarine raids on its shipping in N. Atlantic

Russian winter allows Russians to bolster defenses vs new Ger. offensive in 1942

Russians stop Ger’s @ Leningrad & destroy a Ger. army @ Stalingrad

US helps Br. drive Ger’s from N. Afr. & invade Italy to divert Ger’s fr. Russia

Exper. of Italian camp. & Stalin’s pressure to open 2nd front US & Br. invade occupied France (1944)

Russian perseverance, ind. prod. & allied aid via Arctic ocean help drive Ger’s back across E. Eur. (1943-5)

US Br. launch air raids vs Ger cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Blitzkrieg using concentr. attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

Continued popul. growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

New developments in warfare:

Continuous front is mobileMuch more destruction

  • Hitler takes

  • W Eur (exc. Br)

  • Ger subs & air force fail to break Br., now helped by US

  • US & Br

  • drive Ger’s

  • from N Afr &

  • invade Italy

  • Invade occupied

  • Eur(1944)

  • Drive Ger’s

  • back to Ger

Stalin takes

Baltic states &

E. Poland

Ger attacks

USSR (1941)

 Wins at 1st

 Turned

back at

Moscow,

Leningrad,

& Stalingrad

 Red Army,

Rus. winter,

& allied aid

drive Ger’s

back to Ger

US & Br. launch air raids vsGer cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Devastation of Ger’scities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Japan launches surprise attack on US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii (12/7/1941)

Atomic bombs devastate Hiroshima (8/6/45) & Nagasaki (8/9/45) but not before Stalin declares war on Japan (8/8/45)

US develops & tests 1st atomic bomb (7/161945)

US wants to win the war before Stalin can intervene in E. Asia

Allies poised to invade Japan by mid 1945, but worried about massive casualties they would suffer

US cuts oil supplies to Japan to force it to stop expansion (1941)

Japan plans to conquer SE Asia & set up Greater E. Asia Co-Prosperity sphere to discredit Eur. powers & gain economic control of E. Asia

Japan surrenders (9/2/1945)

Japan worn down by enemy’s numbers & firepower

US & allies drive Japanese back island by islandIn range to bomb Japanese cities

US war prod. Huge numbers of ships & planes in S. Pacific

Japanese over-confidence contributes to major naval defeat at Midway (June, 1942)

Huge island empirehard to supply or concentrate its forces

Nearly unbroken string of Japanese victories in early 1942  Mounting problems for Japan:

US submarines ravage Japan’s unprotected shipping

FC.137 WORLD WAR II IN THE PACIFIC (1937-45)

Stalemate between Japan & China (FC.135)

Hitler fails to keep Japan informed of his plans vs. Russia (FC.135)

France & Britain distracted by war in Eur. (FC.136)

Civil war in China resumes Comm’s take over (FC.147)

Tensions b/w US & SU resume Cold War (FC.138)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.135A THE SPANISH REVOLUTION (1931-75)

30 Yrs. War (FC.88)

Corrupt Bourbon mon. since 1700 (FC.95)

Conq of Sp. from Moors in 1492 (FC.46B)

Backward & feudal soc. w/powerful Church, rich landowners, impoverished peasants, & growing & discontented working class in Sp’s few ind. Cities (Madrid, Barcelona, & Bilbao)

WWI Huge debts for combatants (FC.128)

WWI Huge debts for combatants (FC.128)

Other Eur. Ec’s revive (FC.131)

Other Eur. Ec’s revive (FC.131)

Since Sp. wasn’t involved in WWI  Brief period of industrialization & econ. Growth but corrupt govt.  Dictatorship of Primo Rivera (1923-30)

Spain can’t compete w/bigger Eur. Econ’s Decline Monarchy restored  Elections  Moderate & liberal republic replaces monarchy in 1931

Spain divided into several factions:

Socialists in N & Cent. Sp. who want control of ind’s in cent. state

Falangists (fascists) supported by gen’s, rich, & Church

Separatist Catalans in northeast & Basques in N.

Anarchists esp. in Catalonia who want no army or cent. Govt.

Republicans: Liberals, intellectuals, lower MC, shop owners

  • Liberals unable to keep people at either extreme happy

  • Right wing coalition wins elections (1933) Repression & hunger

     Socialists & Republicans win back power in 1936 elections

Fascist dictatorship in Italy sympathetic to Franco (FC.133)

Fascist dictatorship in Germany sympathetic to Franco (FC.134)

Growing violence on both sides  Troops under Gen. Francisco Franco land from Morocco to over throw govt.

Spanish Civil War (1936-9) between:

Republicans supported by Catalans & Basque separatists, socialists, anarchists, SU, & internat’l brigades

Nationalists supported by fascist gen’s, rich landowners, Church & aid from fascist Germany & Italy

Pattern of fighting:

Both sides commit atrocities: Rep’s murder priests & nuns while fascists murder leftists & use aerial bombing & poison gas

Fascist aid proved more effectiveNat’lists cut Madrid, Catalonia, & Basques off from each other Gradually took rest of Spain

Franco winsStrict fascist dictatorship until his death in 1975Liberal Const. Mon.  Spain stabilizes and starts to prosper.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.134A. THE “GERMAN REVOLUTION” COMPARED TO THE FRENCH

REVOLUTION (1918-90)

Growing gap b/w ec. progress & soc. & polit.stagnationRising frustration aggravated by:

Rising cost of wars for Fr. & Germany:

Weak rulers Events get out of control:

Enlightideas on liberty in Fr. (FC.100)

Appeal of Marxism to the poor (FC.121)

Fr. debts from Am. Rev. (FC.104)

High cost of WWI for Ger. (FC.128)

Weak rule of Louis XVI (FC.104)

WWI Rev Wilhelm II ousted (FC.127)

Moderate govt.keeps old policies to seem legit.

Nat’l Assem. In Fr. honors royal debt (FC.105A)

Weimar Rep. signs Tr. of Versailles (FC.128)

Rising discontent as new gov’s moderate policies fail to quickly fix the problems that caused the rev.

Growing internal turmoil

Rise of violent rad. factions

Robespierre & Jacobins, supported by urban sans culottes, seize power & restore order through severe measures & Reign of Terror (FC.1O5C)

Hitler & Nazis, supported by Mid. Class & rich, seize power & restore order through severe measures & terror (FC.134)

Conservative backlash or retrenchment:

Thermidorean Reaction in France Directory (FC.105C)

Hitler crushes rad. wing of Nazis to please army & industrialists (FC.134)

Ruthless dictator tames rev. & uses its ideas for his purposes:

Napoleon’s wars wreck France (FC.106B)

Hitler wrecks Germany in WWII (FC.136)

Gradual evolution toward stable economy & democracy:

Rev’s of 1830 & 1848 Napoleon III whose ec. reforms prepare Fr. For 3rd Republic (FC.108)

Allied occup. W. Ger evolves into stable democ. Unif. w/E. Ger in 1990 (FC.149)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’sPrinciple came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were high Demand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgages Lost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWI Farmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

Panic selling

Stocks drop


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

Panic selling

Stocks drop


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

8) Impact on Europe?

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

8) Impact on Europe? US banks called in loans from Eur.-> Eur. banks & econ’s crashed

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Loss of faith in econ.

Stocks drop

Panic selling

Less buying & investment

Loss of jobs & consumers

Cut production

Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity

Agr crisis in US when farmers can’t pay mortgages on land bought during the war

5000 US banks, which over-invested in stock mkt, crash Eur. Banks crash when US banks call in loans

Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

Higher prices & heavier competition  fewer mkts

Tariffs to protect home mkts

Stock mkt craze in US where investors pay only 10% down & borrow rest from banks at 10-15% interest

Stocks must rise 10-15%/yr to break even  Investors prone to panic selling at 1st sign of trouble

Unbalanced $ flow to US for loans, goods & resources

US loans & sales to Eur.

Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again

FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29)

After-effects of World War I on world economy (FC.128)

Eur’s rebuild ind’s, but don’t reclaim mkts (FC.128)

US takes over many Eur. Mkts (FC.128)

Worldwide depression (FC.132)


Video fun quiz

VIDEO FUN QUIZ!


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Run on a bank after stock market crash

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Bank foreclosing mortgage on a farmer

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

The New York Stock Exchange

What is this a picture of?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?

Flapper


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?

Flapper

In what decade would you see such a fashion?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?

Flapper

1920s

In what decade would you see such a fashion?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What dance are these people doing?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

What dance are these people doing?

Charleston


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia

ECT: What was TVA?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia

ECT: What was TVA? Tennessee Valley Authority-> Hydroelectric power in the South


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.132 THE GREAT DEPRESSION & EFFORTS TO SOLVE IT (1929-39)

Milit., navy, & aircraft

Depression deepens & internat’l tensions build  Growing belief that the Indust. State should work more actively to ensure the welfare of soc.

Surplus in govt. treasury

Tax low & spend high in hard times

Stimulates econ. recovery

Tax high & spend low in prosperous times

US: FDR’s New Deal supports:

Can better defend itself

Govt’s raise tariffs & establish import quotas, trading blocs & bilateral trade pacts  World trade drops 2/3 by 1933

More unemployment  Fewer consumers

Brit. Abandons gold standard & devalues its currency to undersell for. Competition  Other nations copy  Chaos

Govt’s cut civil servants’ pay & public works programs

Electronics & radar

Banks, Agr., & vital ind’s

Brit: funds new programs:

Can better defend itself

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Rising international tensions

Keynesian Economics

Publ. works  Jobs

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Depression spreads over the globe (FC.131)

Germany, Italy, & Japan build their military Both jobs, & aggression (FC.135)

Aggression escalates into World War II (FC.136)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

MUSSOLINI


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia

  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia

  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia

  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had

  • ECT: How many Italian spy services were there & what they did do?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

  • MUSSOLINI

    1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

    2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

    3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

    ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

    Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI

  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome

  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary

  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap

  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->

  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito

  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &

  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies

  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia

  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had

  • ECT: How many Italian spy services were there & what they did do? 3. They spied on each other,planted fake documents in each others’ files, & got dates for Benito


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925)

Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along

Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing:

Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power

Allows private prop. & free enterprise

Is aggressively nationalistic

Political & economic chaos in Italy

Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order.

Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise

Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922)

Rise of Fascism which:

Italy’s ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft

Italy’s military strength

Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams)

Few resources in Italy

Controls most aspects of society

Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers He ends civil liberties

World War I (FC.127)

Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130)

Depression (FC.132)

Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134)


Video art quiz

VIDEO ART QUIZ!


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Moulin de la Galette, 1900


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), Burning Giraffe, 1936


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), Sshirley Temple, 1939


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), Portrait of Picasso, 1947


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Rene Magritte (1898-1967), Manet’s Balconey: Perspective II, 1950


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship

ECT: What song helped get the Enabling Act passed?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship

ECT: What song helped get the Enabling Act passed? “Give us the bill or fire &

murder?”


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.

ECT: How good was the German army from 1919-33?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.

ECT: How good was the German army from 1919-33? Excellent b/c Ger soldiers were paid 6X of any other army-> Army had pick of recruits


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.134 THE RISE OF HITLER AND THE NAZIS (1919-39)

Avenging Tr. of Vers.

Street fights vs. Comm’s to embarrass weak Ger. Govt

Moderate but weak Weimar Republic  Can’t maintain law & order

Hitler builds his power & Ger. Nat’l pride by:

Using terror, govt. powers, & propaganda to crush his enemies 1 by 1

Rearming Germany to 7X its 1933 level

Making Jews scapegoats for Ger’s problems

Propaganda + free food & festivals to win popularity

Nazis gain support during Depression using a combination of:

Industrialists make Hitler chancellor (1933) to stop Comm’s

Nazis burn the Reichstag & blame the Communists Emergency powers & legal basis for Hitler’s dictatorship

Belief Jews betrayed Ger.

Rise of Hitler & Nazis who believe in:

Hatred of Jews, Slavs, & other “inferior” races

Master Aryan race

Strain on Ger. econ  aggression

Growing fear of Ger. aggression

Ger. bitter & unstable

Harsh Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Depression  Higher tariffs & tensions (FC.132)

Ger. econ. collapses with U.S. stock Mkt. (FC.131)

World War II (FC.135)


Video art quiz1

VIDEO ART QUIZ!


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Pablo Picasso (1881-73), Les Desmoiselles d’Avignon, 1907


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), The Persistence of Memory, 1931


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), Basket of Bread, 1945


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Portrait of a Girl before a Mirror, 1932


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Rene Magritte (1898-1967), Threatening Weather,


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Rene Magritte (1898-1967), Empires of Light, 1954


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), La Granade, 1911


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Salvador Dali (1904-89), The Last Supper, 1955


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), The Tragedy, 1903


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco

ECT: Alphonso XIII's hobby that helped trigger revolution in Spain?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco

ECT: Alphonso XIII's hobby that helped trigger revolution in Spain? Closing Nat’l highway so he could race his sports car


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland

ECT: What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland

ECT: What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact Treaty (1929) designed to outlaw war


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.135 THE ROAD TO WORLD WAR II

Japan takes Manchuria (1931)  Invades China (1937) W. powers do nothing

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Fr allies w/Ger’s neighbors, incl. Russia

Fr & Br finally decide to stop future Ger aggression

Br, fearing Rus. Power, lets Ger. Rebuild its navy

Allies try to overthrow communists Rus. Hostile vs. Western powers

Intense fear of war

Stalin allies w/Hitler since Fr & Br won’t stop Hitler

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Encourages fascist aggression

Italy invades Ethiopia (1935)

Hitler occupies Rhineland (‘36)

Ger. & It. intervene in Sp. Civ. War

Hitler occupies Austria (1938

Hitler takes Sudetenland (‘38)

Hitler takes rest of Czech (3/’39)

Intense fear of war

Western powers fail to react

First World War (FC.127)

Depression (FC.132)

Rus. Rev. (FC.130)

Ger. bitter It rearms (FC.134)

Ger. invades Poland (9/1/39) Fr & Br decl. war on Ger WW II (FC.136)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction

4) Three things the allies did to adapt to it?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction

4) Three things the allies did to adapt to it? 1. Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg; 2. Put economies on full wartime footing; & 3. Developed long-range strategic bomber forces to use vs. enemy cities


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Devastation of Ger’’s cities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

New developments in warfare:

Blitzkrieg using concerted attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

France & Brit. declare war, but do nothing vs Ger. while it is involved in E. Europe

Hitler takes Norway, Denmark, & Fr. (1940)

Continued population growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Continuous front is mobile  Much more destruction

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Stalin takes E. Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, & parts of Romania

Ger. Blitzkrieg almost conquers SU in 1941

Br., w/US aid, hangs on vs Ger. Air raids & submarine raids on its shipping in N. Atlantic

Russian winter allows Russians to bolster defenses vs new Ger. offensive in 1942

Russians stop Ger’s @ Leningrad & destroy a Ger. army @ Stalingrad

US helps Br. drive Ger’s from N. Afr. & invade Italy to divert Ger’s fr. Russia

Exper. of Italian camp. & Stalin’s pressure to open 2nd front US & Br. invade occupied France (1944)

Russian perseverance, ind. prod. & allied aid via Arctic ocean help drive Ger’s back across E. Eur. (1943-5)

US Br. launch air raids vs Ger cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy

10) Surprise phone call German HQ got from Guderian?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy

10) Surprise phone call German HQ got from Guderian? He had already advanced to Swiss

border


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire

6) Penalty for removing shrapnel & blocking a golfer’s path to the green?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire

6) Penalty for removing shrapnel & blocking a golfer’s path to the green? None


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”

7) What information did people in Leningrad hide during the siege and why?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”

7) What information did people in Leningrad hide during the siege and why? A relative’s

death so they could still use his ration card


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets

4) What rumor did many of the people of Dresden believe that made them feel secure?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets

4) What rumor did many of the people of Dresden believe that made them feel secure?

A secret deal between Hitler & Churchill where Germany wouldn’t bomb Oxford &

Britain wouldn’t bomb Dresden


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.

8) What event especially sent Hitler over the deep end of paranoia?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.

8) What event especially sent Hitler over the deep end of paranoia? An attempted

assassination in 1944


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945

6) What was the fatal significance of May 1 for Russian soldiers in the Battle of Berlin?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945

6) What was the fatal significance of May 1 for Russian soldiers in the Battle of Berlin? International workers’ holiday & Stalin ‘s deadline for taking Berlin-> thousands of needless casualties


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”

10) What else was remarkable about that message?


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”

10) What else was remarkable about that message? It was the first time the Japanese

public had ever heard the emperor speak.


Fc 131 post war boom and bust 1920 29

****


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