CHAPTER 14. MUSIC IN FLORENCE, 1350-1450. THE EARLY RENAISSANCE.
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MUSIC IN FLORENCE,
Florence might fairly be called the home of the Italian Renaissance, possessing, as it does, more great art per square foot than any city in the world. Giotto, Donatello, Masaccio, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo all graced Florence with their art at various times between 1320 and 1490. Florence was a city-state which by 1348 had a population of about 100,000.
While the French had their fixed forms for secular vocal music in the fourteenth century (ballade, rondeau, and virelai), so too did the Italians, specifically the madrigal, caccia, and ballata. The trecento madrigal possessed AAB form. The madrigal Non al suo amante of Jacopo da Bologna (c1310-c1386) is typical of the madrigal around 1350 in that it is highly florid, but somewhat rigid rhythmically. The poem here, by the early Renaissance humanist Frescesco Petrarch (1304-1374), is exceptionally beautiful and, typical of Renaissance poetry, is full of classical allusions.
The beginning of Jacopo da Bologna’s
two-voice madrigal Non al suo amante.