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End of WW1. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. End of War. Nov. 3, 1918 –sailors refused to sail out b/c felt no use fighting anymore Nov. 9, 1918 – Rebellion in Berlin led to est. of German Republic (Kaiser out)

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End of ww1

End of WW1

The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations


End of war
End of War

  • Nov. 3, 1918 –sailors refused to sail out b/c felt no use fighting anymore

  • Nov. 9, 1918 – Rebellion in Berlin led to est. of German Republic (Kaiser out)

  • No decisive battle to end war, but German war machine was exhausted

  • 11/11 at 11 - Germany stopped the fighting


Wilson s 14 points
Wilson’s 14 Points

  • Plan for Post WW1 Europe

  • Goal: To prevent future wars

  • Encouraged Central Powers to surrender

  • Listed in a speech delivered by President Wilson January 8, 1918.

  • Only 4 points ultimately adopted in Treaty


Paris peace conference
Paris Peace Conference

  • 5 Treaties made during Paris Peace Conference

    • Treaty of Versailles – Germany

    • Treaty of Trianon – Hungary

    • Treaty of Neuilly – Bulgaria

    • Treaty of St. Germaine – Austria

    • Treaty of Sevres - Turkey


Treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles

  • Treaty between Allies and Germany

  • Very Harsh towards Germany, much more so than what was presented in Wilson’s 14 points

  • US did not adopt the Treaty

  • See Handout for details


Treaty of versailles and germany
Treaty of Versailles and Germany

  • Germany must demilitarize

  • Germany loses many colonial claims

  • Belgium gets some of German land

  • France gets Germany’s Saar Basin (coal mines)

  • Denmark and Czechoslovakia get German land

  • Germany must reduce Navy

  • War Guilt Clause – Clause 231  Germany is blamed for the war

    • Must pay a set impossible 6.6 billion pounds in reparations


League of nations
League of Nations

  • Organization of Countries

  • Goal of League: to prevent future wars, by providing a venue for countries to discuss/work out disputes

  • 2 Tier Assembly

    • General Assembly – all country members

    • A Council – 5 Great Powers, 4 other elected powers


Problems with the league
Problems with the League

  • League could not pose sanctions

  • No Military to enforce its will

  • No action could be taken without the consent of the Council

  • U.S. does not join the League of Nations


Effects of ww1

Effects of WW1

How WW1 set History for the 20th century


1 political chaos
1. Political Chaos

  • A) Collapse of Monarchies

    • Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

    • Instability will ultimately lead to rise of Dictators

  • B) Creation of New Countries

    • Czechoslovakia, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Finland, Yugoslavia, Syria, Iraq

    • Leads to Ethnic Conflicts


2 crushed economies
2. Crushed Economies

  • Parts of Europe completely demolished by the fighting  farm lands, industry

  • German reparations were so high, unable to keep up

  • Economic stagnation – unemployment, sagging currencies

  • Leads to DEPRESSION, especially in Germany


Social chaos
Social Chaos

  • displaced refugees

  • Social damage from:

    • 10 million men dead

    • millions wounded and/or disabled

    • 5 million widows

    • 9 million orphans

  • Unstable birth rate

  • Psychological damage due to shell shock, loss of limbs, death of friends/families

    • Lead to: alcoholism, morphine addiction

  • Many disabled soldiers struggling to find a new role in society, no equipment produced in their aid


Us post ww1
US post-WW1

  • Obvious New World Power

  • Return to Isolationism

  • New wave of Nativism

  • Women earn suffrage


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