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End of WW1. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. End of War. Nov. 3, 1918 –sailors refused to sail out b/c felt no use fighting anymore Nov. 9, 1918 – Rebellion in Berlin led to est. of German Republic (Kaiser out)

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end of ww1

End of WW1

The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

end of war
End of War
  • Nov. 3, 1918 –sailors refused to sail out b/c felt no use fighting anymore
  • Nov. 9, 1918 – Rebellion in Berlin led to est. of German Republic (Kaiser out)
  • No decisive battle to end war, but German war machine was exhausted
  • 11/11 at 11 - Germany stopped the fighting
wilson s 14 points
Wilson’s 14 Points
  • Plan for Post WW1 Europe
  • Goal: To prevent future wars
  • Encouraged Central Powers to surrender
  • Listed in a speech delivered by President Wilson January 8, 1918.
  • Only 4 points ultimately adopted in Treaty
paris peace conference
Paris Peace Conference
  • 5 Treaties made during Paris Peace Conference
    • Treaty of Versailles – Germany
    • Treaty of Trianon – Hungary
    • Treaty of Neuilly – Bulgaria
    • Treaty of St. Germaine – Austria
    • Treaty of Sevres - Turkey
treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles
  • Treaty between Allies and Germany
  • Very Harsh towards Germany, much more so than what was presented in Wilson’s 14 points
  • US did not adopt the Treaty
  • See Handout for details
treaty of versailles and germany
Treaty of Versailles and Germany
  • Germany must demilitarize
  • Germany loses many colonial claims
  • Belgium gets some of German land
  • France gets Germany’s Saar Basin (coal mines)
  • Denmark and Czechoslovakia get German land
  • Germany must reduce Navy
  • War Guilt Clause – Clause 231  Germany is blamed for the war
    • Must pay a set impossible 6.6 billion pounds in reparations
league of nations
League of Nations
  • Organization of Countries
  • Goal of League: to prevent future wars, by providing a venue for countries to discuss/work out disputes
  • 2 Tier Assembly
    • General Assembly – all country members
    • A Council – 5 Great Powers, 4 other elected powers
problems with the league
Problems with the League
  • League could not pose sanctions
  • No Military to enforce its will
  • No action could be taken without the consent of the Council
  • U.S. does not join the League of Nations
effects of ww1

Effects of WW1

How WW1 set History for the 20th century

1 political chaos
1. Political Chaos
  • A) Collapse of Monarchies
    • Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
    • Instability will ultimately lead to rise of Dictators
  • B) Creation of New Countries
    • Czechoslovakia, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Finland, Yugoslavia, Syria, Iraq
    • Leads to Ethnic Conflicts
2 crushed economies
2. Crushed Economies
  • Parts of Europe completely demolished by the fighting  farm lands, industry
  • German reparations were so high, unable to keep up
  • Economic stagnation – unemployment, sagging currencies
  • Leads to DEPRESSION, especially in Germany
social chaos
Social Chaos
  • displaced refugees
  • Social damage from:
    • 10 million men dead
    • millions wounded and/or disabled
    • 5 million widows
    • 9 million orphans
  • Unstable birth rate
  • Psychological damage due to shell shock, loss of limbs, death of friends/families
    • Lead to: alcoholism, morphine addiction
  • Many disabled soldiers struggling to find a new role in society, no equipment produced in their aid
us post ww1
US post-WW1
  • Obvious New World Power
  • Return to Isolationism
  • New wave of Nativism
  • Women earn suffrage
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