Your bone health is at risk
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Your Bone Health is at Risk. By 2020, half of all Americans over age 50 may have weak bones People with weak bones are at higher risk for fractures Strong bones are needed for an active life Poor bone health is common and costly You Can Improve Bone Health. Both Sexes Combined. Female.

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Your Bone Health is at Risk

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Your bone health is at risk

Your Bone Health is at Risk

  • By 2020, half of all Americans over age 50 may have weak bones

  • People with weak bones are at higher risk for fractures

  • Strong bones are needed for an active life

  • Poor bone health is common and costly

    You Can Improve Bone Health


Projected prevalence of osteoporosis and or low bone mass of the hip

Both Sexes Combined

Female

Male

Projected Prevalence of Osteoporosis and/or Low Bone Mass of the Hip


Your bone health is at risk

Osteoporosis Affects Women & Men of All Ethnicities


Why are healthy bones important

Why Are Healthy Bones Important?

  • Strong bones support us and allow us to move

  • Bones are a storehouse for vital minerals

  • Strong bones protect our heart, lungs, brain and other organs


What is low bone mass

What is Low Bone Mass?

  • Bones lose the minerals, like calcium, that strengthen them

  • Loss of these minerals causes bones to become weak and break more easily


Osteoporosis the most common bone disease

OsteoporosisThe Most Common Bone Disease

  • Characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone structure

  • Not a natural part of aging

  • Increased risk for women, post-menopausal, over age 65

  • All races, sexes, and ages are susceptible

  • Preventable and treatable!


Osteoporosis when bones break

OsteoporosisWhen Bones Break

  • 1.5 million Americans suffer fractures due to weak bones

  • Half of all women over age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture

  • Medical expenses from osteoporosis-related bone fractures costs $18 billion annually


Osteoporosis when bones break1

OsteoporosisWhen Bones Break

  • The most common breaks in weak bones are in the:

    • Wrist

    • Spine

    • Hip

  • If you break a bone after the age of 50, talk to your health care professional about measuring your bone density


Osteoporosis when bones break2

OsteoporosisWhen Bones Break

  • Hip fractures are the most devastating

    • One in five elderly people die within a year of the fracture

    • One in four become disabled

    • One in five must move to a nursing home within a year

    • Many become isolated and depressed


Prevention and treatment for all

Prevention and TreatmentFor All…

Live a Healthy Lifestyle

  • Eat foods rich in calcium and vitamin D

    • Follow recommended daily amounts

  • Be physically active every day

    • Include activities to improve strength and balance

  • Maintain a healthy body weight

  • Don’t smoke

  • Limit alcohol intake


Prevention and treatment for all1

Prevention and TreatmentFor All…

  • Discuss significant risks with a health care professional

    • Medications

    • Family history

    • Recent falls or broken bones


Osteoporosis falls break bones

OsteoporosisFalls Break Bones

  • You can prevent most falls

    • Improve your balance, coordination, and strength through weight-bearing physical activity such as dancing or Tai Chi

    • Review medicines with a health care professional (some medicines may cause drowsiness or dizziness)

    • Have your vision checked

    • Make your home safer


Protect your bones ways to make your home safer

1

Have handrails and plenty of light in all stairways.

Wear shoes that give good support and have non-slip soles.

2

Don’t use stepstools. Keep items you need within easy reach.

3

4

Maintain a clear path to the bathroom.

5

Remove all small rugs. They can make you trip.

6

Make sure your walkways are wide enough.

Remove things that you may trip over from stairs and places where you walk.

7

Move phone and electrical cords away from walkways and open areas.

8

9

Make sure that all areas are well lit. Use bright light bulbs.

Be aware that some medications, including over-the-counter medicines, can make you dizzy or sleepy.

10

11

Get your vision checked.

Protect Your BonesWays toMake Your Home Safer


Protect your bones ways to make your home safer1

5

Remove all small rugs. They can make you trip.

Use non-slip mats in the bathtub or shower. Have grab bars put in next to your toilet and in the bathtub or shower.

12

Protect Your Bones Ways to Make Your Home Safer


Prevention and treatment you are never too old or too young to improve your bone health

Adults

At least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day

Strength and balance training

Protect from falls

Eye exam to check for visual impairments

Bone density test with a fracture after age 50, and for everyone with risk factors

Bone density test for all women over age 65

Extra calcium and vitamin D over age 50

Medication, if indicated, to prevent bone loss or build new bone

Prevention and TreatmentYou are never too old or too young to improve your bone health


Prevention and treatment you are never too old or too young to improve your bone health1

Prevention and TreatmentYou are never too old or too young to improve your bone health

  • Children & Teens

    • Teens are at greater risk for poor bone health because of rapidly growing bones and poor diet

    • At least one hour of physical activity a day

    • Increase calcium during teens

  • Babies

    • Bone health begins before birth


Are you at risk for weak bones check any of these that apply to you

Are You at Risk for Weak Bones?Check Any of These that Apply to You

  • I’m older than 65

  • I’ve broken a bone after age 50

  • My close relative has osteoporosis or has broken a bone

  • My health is “fair” or “poor”

  • I smoke

  • I am underweight for my height


Are you at risk for weak bones check any of these that apply to you1

Are You at Risk for Weak Bones?Check Any of These that Apply to You

  • I started menopause before age 45

  • I’ve never gotten enough calcium

  • I have more than two drinks of alcohol several times a week

  • I have poor vision, even with glasses

  • I sometimes fall

  • I’m not physically active


Are you at risk for weak bones check any of these that apply to you2

Are You at Risk for Weak Bones?Check Any of These that Apply to You

  • I have one of the these medical conditions:

    Hyperthyroidism

    Chronic lung disease

    Cancer

    Inflammatory bowel disease

    Chronic hepatic or renal disease

    Vitamin D deficiency

    Cushing’s disease

    Multiple sclerosis

    Rheumatoid arthritis


Are you at risk for weak bones check any of these that apply to you3

Are You at Risk for Weak Bones?Check Any of These that Apply to You

  • I take one of these medications:

    Oral glucocorticoids (steroids)

    Cancer treatments (radiation, chemotherapy)

    Thyroid medicine

    Antiepileptic medications

    Gonadal hormone suppression

    Immunosuppressive agents


Other harmful conditions

Other Harmful Conditions

  • Rickets and osteomalacia

  • Kidney disease

  • Paget’s disease of bone

  • Genetic abnormalities

  • Endocrine disorders


Everyone has a role to play in improving bone health

Everyone has a Role to Play in Improving Bone Health

This report is a starting point for national action


The surgeon general s call for national action

The Surgeon General’s Call for National Action

Encourages individuals and communities to join together to promote bone health by:

  • Increasing awareness

  • Promoting lifestyle changes

  • Defining and implementing prevention and treatment options for people of all ages


How can you help educate others

How Can You Help?Educate Others

  • Tell your family and friends about the importance of bone health

  • Know your own risks

  • Improve your bone health habits and those of your family


How can you help educate community groups

How Can You Help?Educate Community Groups

  • Send an article to organizations’ newsletters

  • Send an email to a listserv

  • Discuss bone health at a meeting

  • Encourage other groups to collaborate

  • Offer to speak at meetings

  • Form a “Healthy Bones” coalition and develop a plan to educate community members about bone health


How can you help educate health care professionals and health insurers

How Can You Help?Educate Health Care Professionals and Health Insurers

  • Host a speaking tour

  • Send a bone health letter to health care facilities, professionals, and insurers

  • Disseminate fact sheets and the bone health checklist

  • Encourage bone health screening and treatment in facilities, including extended care facilities

  • Host a seminar


How can you help engage the media

How Can You Help?Engage the Media

  • Hold a news conference and “pitch” it to the local media

  • Write an op-ed

  • Submit a letter to the editor


How can you help target parents and schools

How Can You Help?Target Parents and Schools

  • Plan a health fair

  • Work with school parent-faculty associations

  • Provide information to school leaders

  • Encourage school nurses to be involved


How can you help work with businesses

How Can You Help?Work with Businesses

  • Focus on customers and employees

  • Provide information to include in bills or shopping bags, or for printing in store circulars

  • Encourage community and coalition involvement

  • Encourage participation in or host a health fair with bone health screening, bone density tests, and prevention and treatment tips


For more information

For More Information

Call toll free 1-866-718-BONE (2663) or visit www.surgeongeneral.gov to order:

  • “The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You”

  • “Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Surgeon General’s Report” – Full Report and Executive Summary

  • Posters


For more information1

For More Information

National Institutes of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases ~ National Resource Center (NIHORBD~NRC)Phone: 202-223-0344www.osteo.org


Let s work together to get america bone healthy

Let’s Work Together to Get America Bone Healthy!


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