Technology and Sustainable Economic Development. Nov 15, 2002. Outline. Introductions Motivation + Objectives Format Themes + Topics Living laboratory Today’s presentation proper. Introducing Ourselves. Alastair Iles
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Technology and Sustainable Economic Development
Nov 15, 2002
Any questions before we proceed with presentation of today’s readings?
- Zambrano: intergovernmental funding and strategies for promoting technology
- Wijkman & Afifi: what technology can do (today’s focus)
- IT will transform society without physical work or materials
- IT can help developing countries “leapfrog” over pollution and reduce energy intensity
- UNDP Report 2001 shows that IT can help promote economic growth
- however: there is a “digital divide” that exacerbates poverty, unemployment, underdevelopment...
- the equity of the IT changes depends on human capital
- “Those best placed to identify their tech. needs are the different stakeholders themselves.”
- deliberate policy-making by governments is central.
- the international community/market has been very slow to invest in IT in developing countries: the UN is disappointing.
- farmers using the web or cell phones to check going prices for their produce
- Village Knowledge Centers (South India)
- Grameen Bank Pay Phones (Bangladesh)
- Reproductive Health On-line (Uganda)
- cyber kiosks run by village entrepreneurs (India)
- Is “information” really separate from physical work and systems? Isn’t human capital needed to adapt IT to local social settings?
- To what degree are “leapfrogging” and “climbing ladders” really effective?
- Is there an excessive focus on web-based approaches, as contrasted to other IT technologies? The “put-everything-online” syndrome.
- Isn’t this approach like “e-government” and not participatory or grassroots?
- Where are the communities whose needs are supposedly being addressed?
- There is no mention of the energy needed to support the IT: how will this energy be provided?