Affixes roots
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AFFIXES & ROOTS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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AFFIXES & ROOTS. Affix- a word element, such as a prefix or a suffix, that occurs before or after a root or base word to modify its meaning. Root- the form of a word after all affixes are removed; meaning: base, root, stem, theme . What are roots and root words?.

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AFFIXES & ROOTS

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Affixes roots

AFFIXES & ROOTS

Affix-a word element, such as a prefix or a suffix, that occurs before or after a root or base word to modify its meaning.

Root-the form of a word after all affixes are removed; meaning: base, root, stem, theme


What are roots and root words

What are roots and root words?

  • Many English words are formed by taking basic words and adding combinations of prefixes and suffixes to them. A basic word to which affixes (prefixes and suffixes) are added is called a root word because it forms the basis of a new word. The root word is also a word in its ownright. For example, the word lovelyconsists of the word loveand the suffix -ly.

  • In contrast, a root is the basis of a new word, but it does not typically form a stand-alone word on its own. For example, the word reject is made up of the prefix re-and the Latin root -ject, which is not a stand-alone word.


Affixes roots

Understanding the meanings of the common word roots can help us deduce the meanings of new words that we encounter.


Parts of an affix

Parts of an Affix:

Prefix- an element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning.

  • Example: De-, non-, re-, un-.

  • Can be used in words such as: decomposition, nonrefundable, restart, and unlikely.

  • Suffix- an element placed at the end of a word to form a derivative, frequently one that converts the stem into another part of speech.

    • Example: -ness, -less,

      -ian, -ology

    • Can be words such as: viciousness, speechless, magician, biology


Affixes roots

A PREFIX is a letter or a group of letters attached to the beginning of a word that partly indicates its meaning. For example, the word prefix itself begins with a prefix--pre-, which generally means "before.“Be careful: some prefixes (such as in-) have more than one meaning (in this example, "not" and "into").


Affixes roots

A SUFFIXis a letter or a group of letters attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to alter the grammatical function of the original word. For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix -er; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.


To sum it all up

To sum it all up

  • Many of our words come to us from Greek or Latin.

  • They don’t come to us complete; they come in parts.

  • These parts are called Roots and Affixes.

  • There are two different kind of affixes: Prefixes and Suffixes.

    • The part at the beginning of a word is a prefix.

    • The part in the middle is the root or root word.

    • The part at the end is the suffix.


Put it all together

Put it all together:

  • Put the prefixes, roots, and suffixes together and you end up with words.

  • Keep in mind that not all words have all three parts.

    • Some simply have a prefix and a root.

    • Others, just a root and suffix.


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