WW2 in the Pacific. Unit 4 Lesson 8 (Section 25.4). Objectives. Review key victories in Europe leading to VE Day. Evaluate US strategy for victory in the Pacific and identify key turning points. Analyze Truman’s decision to drop the Atomic Bomb. Warm Up.
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70K American POW’s forced on “Death Marches”
USS Lexington Flight Deck- Carriers save Australia from invasion.
Adm Chester Nimitz surprises Japanese navy, “avenge” P.H.
MacArthur’s strategy to leapfrog thru islands- skip strongholds, isolate/cut off others- to close in on mainland. Begins Aug 1942.
MacArthur retakes the Philippines; JPN intro kamikaze tactics
6K US dead
20K JPN dead
1939 Einstein Letter
12/6/1941 FDR funds secret R&D facilities in NM, TN, WA.
7/16/45 Trinity Test in Alamagordo, NM
End it, save lives
Power over Soviets
Col Leslie Groves
Drop ($ and manpower)
Admiral Ernest J King
Gen Hap Arnold
Air raids, firebombings
Ambassador Joseph Grew
Negotiate, Hirohito stayMilitary Advice