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Defining Small Group Communication. Chapter 1.

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Chapter 1

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Chapter 1

Defining Small Group Communication

Chapter 1


Chapter 1

“…the idea of a John Wayne--marvelous as he was as an actor--is just going to make it in the new world. The problems are much too complex. Furthermore, it’s always been a group. If you look through history, even though we tend to lionize the great man--as one of my students said, it was John Wayne who rode through my childhood, shaped my dreams of power and authority. It’s typically been a small group of thoughtful and committed people who have changed the world. When you ask people who painted the Sistine Chapel, what comes to most people’s minds, the correct answer is Michelangelo. But it was Michelangelo plus 13 terrific artists and a crew of 200 that did the Sistine Chapel. So all throughout history it’s been a group, a creative group.”Warren BennisOrganizing Genius: Online News Hour March 16, 1997


How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals

How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals?


What is a small group

What is a Small Group?

“We define a small group as a few people engaged in communication interaction over time, in both face-to-face and/or computer-mediated environments, who have common goals and norms and have developed a communication pattern for meeting their goals in an interdependent manner.”

Cragan, Wright, and Kasch

Communiction in Small Groups


Chapter 1

Shared Goals

And Vision


Chapter 1

SHARED GOALS


Chapter 1

MY GOALS

YOUR GOALS


Chapter 1

Individual

goals

Individual

goals

TEAM

GOALS

Individual

goals

Individual

goals

Individual

goals


Chapter 1

Interdependence

Shared Goals

And Vision


Chapter 1

Interdependence


What is interdependence

What  is interdependence? 


Interdependence

Interdependence


What is interdependence1

What is interdependence?

  • "inter" which refers to that which exists "between and among" discrete entities

  • Connect, support, reliance, the state of being influenced by

  • a reciprocal relation between interdependent entities (objects or individuals or groups) 


Chapter 1

Why must a task be complex for a group to experience interdependence?


Chapter 1

Focus attention upon what we contribute to our interactions that enhances the quality of what exists between us


How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals1

How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals?


Chapter 1

Interdependence

Shared Goals

And Vision

Communication


Chapter 1

TALK


What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams

What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams?

  • Relational/Encounter Talk


What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams1

What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams?

  • Relational/Encounter Talk

  • Role Talk


What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams2

What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams?

  • Relational/Encounter Talk

  • Role Talk

  • Problem-Solving Talk


What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams3

What are the primary functions of communication when working in teams?

  • Relational/Encounter Talk

  • Role Talk

  • Problem-Solving Talk

  • Team-Building Talk


Chapter 1

Interdependence

Shared Goals

And Vision

Communication

Structure


Chapter 1

Structure


What furnishes group structure

What furnishes group structure?

Norms and Rules


What are norms

What are norms?


What are the three types of norms in work teams

What are the three types of norms in work teams?


What are the three types of norms in work teams1

What are the three types of norms in work teams?

  • Social (Rules Governing Relationships


What are the three types of norms in work teams2

What are the three types of norms in work teams?

  • SocialRules Governing Relationships

  • ProceduralRules Governing Responsibilities


What are the three types of norms in work teams3

What are the three types of norms in work teams?

  • SocialRules Governing Relationships

  • ProceduralRules Governing Responsibilities

  • TaskRules Governing Problem-solving


What furnishes group structure1

What furnishes group structure?

Norms and Rules

Stabilized Roles


What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team

What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team?

  • Information Provider


What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team1

What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team?

  • Information Provider

  • Task Leader


What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team2

What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team?

  • Information Provider

  • Task Leader

  • Central Negative


What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team3

What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team?

  • Information Provider

  • Task Leader

  • Central Negative

  • Socio-Emotional Leader


What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team4

What are the primary roles when working as a member of a project team?

  • Information Provider

  • Task Leader

  • Central Negative

  • Socio-Emotional Leader

  • Tension-Reliever


What furnishes group structure2

What furnishes group structure?

Norms and Rules

Stabilized Roles

Systematic Decision-making &Problem-Solving Procedures


How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals2

How do you tell a functioning small group from a collection of individuals?


Chapter 1

Interdependence

Shared Goals

And Vision

Communication

Cohesion

Structure


Chapter 1

Cohesion


What is cohesion

What is cohesion?


What is cohesion1

What is cohesion?

Degree of commitment to work collectively toward group goals.

The forces acting on the individual increasing desire to remain part of the team.


Chapter 1

"Cohesion-or solidarity, moral, community, and fellow-feeling-is the invisible binding material of teams. Cohesion makes people feel better, and it is a crucial ingredient for team viability."

Leigh ThompsonJ. Jay Gerber Distinguished Professor ofDispute Resolution and OrganizationsKellogg School of ManagementNorthwestern University


Chapter 1

What does it mean to say that group cohesion is a process?


What is a small group1

What is a Small Group?

“If group members were particles and the group was a magnetic field, cohesion would be the magnetic force that held the particles together, and that force would be in constant flux.”

Cragan, Wright, and Kasch

Communiction in Small Groups


What are the primary factors acting on members to remain in the group

What are the primary factors acting on members to remain in the group?

  • Initial Attraction

    • Liking

    • Physical Appearance

    • Commonality

    • Proximity


What factors tend to increase cohesion

Role emergence

Norms stabilize

Short terms goals

Consensus-decision-making

Productivity

Investment and Ownership

What factors tend to increase cohesion?


Chapter 1

Interdependence

Shared Goals

And Vision

T E A M

Communication

Cohesion

Structure


Chapter 1

synergy


Chapter 1

Communicating with you...

We got the feeling...


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