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高一定语从句. --- 北京四中 方芳. 教学内容 I. 趣味英语 : Easter 复活节 II. 语法:定语从句 III. 测试 IV. 美文欣赏. I. 趣味英语 : Easter 复活节 Easter is a time of springtime festivals. In Christian countries Easter is celebrated as the religious holiday commemorating the

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高一定语从句

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高一定语从句

---北京四中 方芳


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教学内容

I. 趣味英语: Easter 复活节

II. 语法:定语从句

III. 测试

IV. 美文欣赏


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I. 趣味英语: Easter 复活节

Easter is a time of springtime festivals. In Christian countries

Easter is celebrated as the religious holiday commemorating the

resurrection(耶稣复活) of Jesus Christ, the son of God. Traditions

associated with the festival survive in the Easter rabbit, a symbol of

fertility, and in colored Easter eggs, originally painted with bright

colors to represent the sunlight of spring. Easter is observed by the

churches of the West on the first Sunday following the full moon that

occurs on or following the spring equinox(昼夜评分点,春分) (March

21). So Easter became a "movable" feast which can occur as early as

March 22 or as late as April 25.


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Easter Bunny

The Bible makes no mention of a long-eared, short-tailed

creature who delivers decorated eggs to well-behaved children on

Easter Sunday; nevertheless, the Easter bunny has become a

prominent(显著的) symbol of Christianity's most important

holiday. The exact origins of this mythical(虚构的) mammal are

unclear, but rabbits, known to be prolific(多产的), are an ancient

symbol of fertility(繁殖) and new life. According to some sources,

the Easter bunny first arrived in America in the 1700s with German

immigrants. Their children made nests in which this creature could

lay eggs. Eventually, the custom spread across the U.S. and the

fabled rabbit's Easter morning deliveries expanded to include

chocolate and other types of candy and gifts, while decorated baskets

replaced nests.


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Easter Eggs

Easter is a religious holiday, but some of its customs, such as Easter

eggs, are likely linked to pagan traditions. From a Christian

perspective, Easter eggs are said to represent Jesus' emergence from

the tomb and resurrection. Decorating eggs for Easter is a tradition

that dates back to at least the 13th century. One explanation for this

custom is that eggs were formerly a forbidden food during the

Lenten season, so people would paint and decorate them to mark the

end of the period of penance and fasting, then eat them on Easter as a

celebration. Easter egg hunts and egg rolling are two popular egg

related traditions. In the U.S., the White House

Easter Egg Roll, a race in which children push

decorated, hard-boiled eggs across the White

House lawn, is an annual event held the Monday

after Easter.


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Easter Candy

Easter is the second best-selling candy holiday in America, after

Halloween. Among the most popular sweet treats associated with this

day are chocolate eggs, which date back to early 19th century Europe.

Eggs have long been associated with Easter as a symbol of new life

and Jesus' resurrection. Another egg-shaped candy, the jelly bean,

became associated with Easter in the 1930s. For the past decade, the

top-selling non-chocolate Easter candy has been the marshmallow

Peep, a sugary, pastel-colored(柔和颜色的) confection(甜食). The

original Peeps were handmade, marshmallow-flavored yellow chicks,

but other shapes and flavors were later introduced, including chocolate

mousse bunnies.


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Easter Parade

In New York City, the Easter Parade tradition dates back

to the mid-1800s, when the upper crust of society would

attend Easter services at various Fifth Avenue churches then

stroll outside afterward, showing off their new spring outfits

and hats. Average citizens started showing up along Fifth Avenue to

check out the action. The tradition reached its peak by the mid-20th

century, and in 1948, the popular film Easter Parade was released.

The Easter Parade tradition lives on in Manhattan, with Fifth

Avenue from 49th Street to 57th Street being shut down during the

day to traffic. Participants often sport elaborately decorated bonnets

and hats. The event has no religious significance, but sources note

that Easter processions have been a part of Christianity

since its earliest days. Today, other cities across America

also have their own parades.


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II. 语法:定语从句

关系代词

1.who (人,主格/宾格)

whom(人,宾格,介词+whom)

The person to whom you spoke is a famous actor.

The person who(whom) you spoke to is a famous actor.

The students (whom/who/that) we examined last week were excellent.


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1. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _______ wanted to buy it.

A. none of them B. both of them

C. none of whom D. neither of whom

2. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of

them came up to us,______ we gave some bells and glasses.

A. to which B. to whom .

C. with whom D. with which

3. —why does she always ask you for help?

—There is no one else ______, is there?

A. who to turn to B. she can turn to

C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn


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2.whose (人/物,可以与of which互换)

There are still many people whose living conditions are miserable.

He mentioned a book whose author (= the author of which) I can’t remember now.

This is the apartment whose windows face south.


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4. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______effects the people are still suffering.

A. that B. whose C. thoseD. what

5.Look out! Don’t get too close to the house ______ roof is under repair.

A. whose B. which C. of which D. what

6. I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city____ name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind.  

A. which   B. of which   C. that   D. whose


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3. which (物,主语/宾语,宾语时常省略)

I want to take away the book (which) you showed me yesterday.

This is the key which you are looking for.

She sat on the corner of the table near the door by which her husband always entered.

She sat on the corner of the table near the door which her husband always entered by.

但是先行词是时间,介词应放在关系代词which之前,不放在句尾。

I’ll never forget the day which I first met you on. (Χ)


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7. I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction ______ she had come.

A. of whichB. by whichC. in which D. from which

8. I was given three books on cooking, the first _______ I really enjoyed.

A. of thatB. of whichC. thatD. which

9. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ____ , he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students' Union.

A. during which time B. for which time

C. during whose time D. by that time

10. The man pulled out a gold watch, were made of small diamonds.

A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of

C. which the hands of D. the hands of which


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在非限定性定语从句中,which还可以用在非限定性定语从句中,表示前面整句话。

11. The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ___ was more than we could expect.

A. it B. what C. which D. that

12. The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ______ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds.

A. whyB. that C. as D. which

13. They’ve won their last three matches,________ I find a bit surprising actually.

A. that   B. when     C. whatD. which


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4. that (人/物,主语/宾语)

He is not the man that he used to be.

that 在从句中作介词的宾语,介词不提前,反之介词提前,必不用that.

The house (that) we live in is not large.

The house in which we live is not large. (不用in that)

time 是先行词,前面有序数词和last 修饰,用that引导或什么都不用。

This is the last time that I shall give a lesson.

The first time I saw him was in 1986.

the way, the place 直接用(that)来引导定语从句。

This is the way he used to deal with problems.

That is the place we live.


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That 指物可以与which互换,以下几种情况只用that。

a.先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything,

little, much 等不定代词;

b.先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much 等修饰;

c.先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时;

d.先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时;

e.有两个或两个以上的分别表示人和物的先行词;

f.当主句是以who, which 开头的特殊疑问句时。


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14. Do you still remember the chicken farm we visited three months ago?

A. whereB. whenC. thatD. what

15. The thought of going back home was ______kept him happy while he was working abroad

A. thatB. all thatC. all whatD. which

16. The way _____ you are doing it is completely wrong.

A. /B. whichC. in thatD. as


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5. as的用法

先行词前有the same/such修饰的时候,关系代词可以用that/as.

(但 as 引导从句表示内容与主句相似,同类;that 表示内容与

主句同一事物)

This is the same bag as I lost yesterday.

This is the same bag that I lost yesterday.

as 可以代表整个内容,前后都可以,但有逗号分开.

As we have seen, oceans cover more than 70 % of the earth.

As is known to all, Taiwan is a part of China.

Tom won the first place in the competition, as we had expected.

翻译为 “正如---”。


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17. The Beatles, ______ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Liverpool.

A. what         B. that            C. how             D. as

18. ______ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting.

A. WhenB. AfterC. AsD. Since

19. He is not _____ a fool _____.

A. such; as he is lookedB. such; as he looks

C. as; as he is lookedD. so; as he looks

20. He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin.

A. thatB. asC. whoD. what


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关系副词

1.when (表示时间,时间状语)

It was the sort of morning when everything goes wrong.

The Queen's last visit was in May, when she opened the new hospital.

2.where (表示地点,地点状语)

This is the village where I was born.

The lab where the chemist often does experiments is not far from here.

3.why(表示原因,原因状语, 先行词reason)

The reason why he came is not very convincing.

I don't know the reason why you quarreled with him.

注意:先行词 situation, point, case 在定语从句中作状语,应该

where来引导;occasion when来引导。

Everyone needs to face the situation where they have to make their own

decision.

Describe an occasion when you had to give a presentation to an audience.


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21. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids.

A. whoB. whichC. whyD. when

22. Is that the reason _____ you are in favor of the proposal?

A. whichB. whatC. whyD. for that

23.—Is that the small town you often refer to?

—Right, just the one you know I used to work for years.

A. thatB. whichC. whereD. what

24. We’re just trying to teach a point ____ both sides will sit down together and talk.

A. where B. that C. when D. which

25. They will fly to Washington, they plan to stay for two or three days.

A. where B. there C. which D. when


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考试中应该注意哪些问题?

1、规则和概念要记牢;

2、作题关键要看先行词在定语从句中所做的成分;

I will never forget the days we spent together.

Father took me to the museum that used to be a factory.

3、长句辨成份,问句变陈述句。

Is this the museum that you mentioned the other day?

Is this museum the one you mentioned the other day?

4、 定语从句的谓语动词为固定词组或不及物动词时,应添加适当的介词。

He is the only person he can turn to when meeting difficulties.

Much attention to which we should pay is written on the board.


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III. 测试

26.Whenever I met her, _____ was fairly often, she greeted me with a sweet smile.

A. who   B. which   C. when  D. that

27. Gun control is  a subject_____ Americans have argued for a long time .

A. of whichB.  with whichC.  about which D. into which

28.I have reached a point in my life_____ I am supposed to make decisions of my own.

A. which    B. where     C.  how   D. why

29. Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers ______ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law.

A. where B. when C. who D. which

30. A person ______ e-mail account is full won’t be able to send or receive any e-mails.

A. who     B. whom    C. whose   D. whoever


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IV. 美文欣赏

A Box of KissesThe story goes that some time ago, a man punished his 3-year-old

daughter for wasting a roll of gold wrapping paper. Money was tight

and he became infuriated when the child tried to decorate a box to

put under the Christmas tree. Nevertheless, the little girl brought the

gift to her father the next morning and said, "This is for you,

Daddy." He was embarrassed by his earlier overreaction, but his

anger flared(发怒) again when he found the box was empty. He

yelled at her, "Don't you know that when you give someone a

present, there's supposed to be something inside it?"

The little girl looked up at him with tears in her eyes and

said,“ Oh, Daddy, it is not empty. I blew kisses into the box. All for

you, Daddy."The father was crushed. He put his arms around his

little girl, and he begged for her forgiveness.


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It is told that the man kept that gold box by his bed for years and whenever he was discouraged, he would take out an imaginary kiss and remember the love of the child who had put it there.

In a very real sense, each of us as humans have been given a gold container filled with unconditional love and kisses from our children, friends, family and God. There is no more precious possession anyone could hold.


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Homework:

1. The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, _____ are beyond our control.

A. most of them B. most of which

C. most of what D. most of that

2. You can only be sure of ______ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future.

A. that; what        B. what; /         

C. which; that   D. /; that

3. ---What do you think of teaching, Bob?

---I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ___ you are doing something serious but interesting.

A. where   B. which    C. When     D. that


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KEY:

1-5 DBBBA 6-10 DDBAD11-15 CDDCB

16-20 ADCBB 21-25 DCCAB 26-30 BCBAC

Homework:

???


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That’s all for today,and see you

next time!


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