Gender in the Netherlands. What has changed Current affairs? Dr. Alkeline van Lenning Social cultural science University of Tilburg. Government ‘60. Doesn’t consider it as her job to improve the position of the married working woman through: Equal earnings Reducing tax burdens
“A girl should be a virgin when she gets married”
90 % of the adults thinks it’s wrong if a mother of a young child (< 6 years) works
Increase labour share in all categories of woman
The traditional breadwinner-model has disappeared
Woman work more often parttime
It isn’t replaced by a double-income model but by a one-and-a-half-income modelPositive & Negative Developments
More and more woman have an income of their own and woman become more financially independent
Woman have a lower hourly wage in comparison to man
The feminisation of poverty continues: over the households with a low income the share households of woman as only or most income increasesPositive & Negative
Boys are more agressive
Girls cry more quickly
Woman are more capable by nature of raising small children than man
Children aren’t made like that, it’s a cultural issue
Conservatives always call on nature to validate their point of viewControversy and depate / dispute
Trivial physical sexcharacteristics
The cultural consequence wich is connected to the biological body
Implications on the societal and psychological fieldAnn Oakley (1972)
With the arrival of a child, many woman partially withdraw from the labour market
Nevertheless many couples intent to divide the household-jobs less traditionally.
Dont’ look at the sexdifferences (little woman at a key position). But it has to be viewed as the outcome of different meaningful processes. And these processes should be the object of investigation.
For instance: Hard/soft, light/dark, pollution/ pure, innocence/corruption.
2. Normative interpretations
These refer to symbols and actuate symbols. They are sort of concepts wich you’ll find in all kinds of political and religious but also in scientific doctrines and also in common sense: value judgements: objective, hard science, soft investigation / technical with people. Toiletry, parfums
3.Political and social institutions and organisations. This view believes that gender plays a role in all sorts of societal systems like the labourmarket, the education system and politics.
4. Subjective identities
Here belongs the urgency to investigate how sexual identities are constructed
Decency?What seems to divide us?
Not a loser but a winner (also with sex)
Honour of the woman but aslo of the whole family