Quilting. Denyse Schmidt. What is Quilting?. A linear pattern made by small running stitches: these have a decorative purpose but they hold together three layers – the top, the backing and the middle layer of batting. Pieced top. Batting. Muslin. What are the uses?.
A linear pattern made by small running stitches: these have a decorative purpose but they hold together three layers – the top, the backing and the middle layer of batting.
Some examples of modern utilitarian quilting: oven mitt, bedspread, curtains, tablecloth
Piecing- or patchwork, is where different scraps of material are sewn together in a way which shows no stitches to create the quilting top
Appliqué-in which different materials are directly added to the top layer of the quilt, usually by sewing
One of the earliest known uses of quilting is armor. This campaign vest from Japan dates from the late 16 century. Back has an appliqué pawlonia flower.
Sashiko was a technique developed in Japan and comes from the Japanese words sashi, to stitch, and koginu, hemp fabric. It began as a purely utilitarian way to patch overused pieces of cloth but developed into the decorative way it is used now to create intricate geometric or cultural designs.
It was used first on indigo dyed hemp but now is used on mostly on similarly dyed cotton. Usually only one high contrast color thread is used for the stitches.
Sashiko, a style of Japanese quilting, which means “little stabs,” is a unique combination of quilting and embroidery. Some patterns have symbolic significance: the hexagonal grid repeat represents the shell of the tortoise implying long life and prosperity.
Fine needlework of quilts done in Bangladesh are known as Kanthas. These quilts are created using simple running stitches and are rich with the culture of life.
Quilts from Wales typically have a central motif set in a series of borders separated by a a row of quilting. This quilt using cotton sateen is from 1933.
Quilts form Wales region can be easily distinguished. The designs are generally more geometric and draw on a particular repertoire of motifs.
AMISH QUILTS designs are generally more geometric and draw on a particular repertoire of motifs.
The Amish came to America from Europe in search of religious freedom. There are many still living in the United States today, where they continue to make traditional quilts.
Amish quilts contain heavily saturated geometric shapes and are usually made from wool or cotton cloth and filled with a complementary material. The quilt patterns are usually sewn to follow the pieced pattern.
The unique color of Amish Quilts is from hand dyeing the fabrics are dyed using weeds, berries and bark. The quilting was done on frames and was a communal activity.
Elizabeth Gurrier1983 fabrics are dyed using weeds, berries and bark. The quilting was done on frames and was a communal activity.“The Ladies in the Garden” (trapunto quilt)Her unusual sculptural quilts typically feature stylized human faces and large scale floral motifs.
APPLIQUÉ QUILTS OF PANAMA fabrics are dyed using weeds, berries and bark. The quilting was done on frames and was a communal activity.
Molas are a traditional art of the Kuna women of Panama and are created using a form of reverse appliqué. The designs usually consist of animal forms and might contain a narrative.
Molas contain about 2-3 main pieces of bright cloth that are placed on top of each other and then have sections cut out to reveal the cloth below. Other pieces of cloth can be added afterwards to create a more interesting design.
APPLIQUE QUILTS OF THE PACIFIC fabrics are dyed using weeds, berries and bark. The quilting was done on frames and was a communal activity.
(THE ONES THAT CAUGHT OUR EYE)
Tivaevae is a traditional quilting form from the Pacific Islands and Hawaii that uses patchwork and appliqué combined with brightly colored fabrics to create large pieces of cloth used for bedspreads or couch coverings.
The art was introduced by missionary’s wives when they came to the islands but has since then taken on a distinctive look of its own, primarily noted by the bright colors and island inspired designs.
TIVAEVAE MANU are the quilts that have the very decorative appliqué. Usually the patterns are flowers or things that can be found around the islands where these quilts are traditionally made. The colors are usually bright and can be similar to a graphic design.
TIVAEVAE TATAURA are quilts made with appliqué and embroidery . These also contain many of the same patterns of the TIVAEVAE MANU. They are also made with 2-3 colors of cloth but the embroidery thread is usually a colorful variegated cotton thread. Many different types of stitches are used.
American quilts span far and wide in design and use. Some quilts, like the one to the left, have a patriotic quality by the use of color and imagery. Quilting is also used for social aspects of living when “quilting bees” are thrown in small towns. Usually to collect for charities or even produce quilts for certain groups. Either way quilting has not lost its popularity in America and every year sees its fair share in renewed traditional and contemporary quilts.
Drunkard Path W.C.T.U. Quilt 1896
Log Cabin Quilts fabrics are dyed using weeds, berries and bark. The quilting was done on frames and was a communal activity. and its’ Variations One of the most popular quilt blocks, the Log Cabin block is easy to piece and is a good choice for the beginning quilter. It is an excellent choice for a scrap quilt and offers many different settings and variations thus making it popular with more seasoned quilters.
Log Cabin designs were made in the United States as early as the 1860s, and their construction introduced the new foundation technique. In this technique, a square of lightweight cotton cloth is cut to the size of the block, and fabric is pieced to that foundation, working from the center out. In many of the old quilts the center square was red. This was to symbolize the hearth of the home. Since the foundation acts as an extra inner layer, these quilts do not usually incorporate a layer of batting and are not quilted, although sometimes they are tied.
Quilting, Patchwork, and Applique. Crabtree, Caroline. P. 130- 145 Thames and Hudson. 2007.
The Art of Tivaevae: traditional cook islands quilting. Rongokea, Lynnsay. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 2001