Chapter 23
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Chapter 23. Purchasing a PC or Building Your Own. You Will Learn…. Some guidelines to use when purchasing a PC How to prepare for assembling a PC yourself How to assemble a PC from separately purchased parts. Selecting a Personal Computer to Meet Your Needs. Consider an upgrade if:

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Chapter 23

Chapter 23

Purchasing a PC or Building Your Own


You will learn

You Will Learn…

  • Some guidelines to use when purchasing a PC

  • How to prepare for assembling a PC yourself

  • How to assemble a PC from separately purchased parts

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Selecting a personal computer to meet your needs

Selecting a Personal Computer to Meet Your Needs

  • Consider an upgrade if:

    • Cost does not exceed half the value of current system

    • Resulting system does not contain legacy components that might compromise performance

  • Don’t upgrade a computer system older than five years

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Upgrading a pc

Upgrading a PC

  • Verify availability of drivers

  • Match motherboard bus types to expansion cards

    • Consider number of available expansion slots

  • Heed voltage requirements of processor

  • Consider new memory modules and processor for new motherboard

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Upgrading a pc continued

Upgrading a PC (continued)

  • Verify that OS supports dual processing (if desired)

  • Match memory modules to motherboard

  • Verify available space on hard drive

  • Flash BIOS before installing new peripheral

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Alternatives when buying a new pc

Alternatives When Buying a New PC

  • Buy a brand-name PC

  • Buy a clone

  • Buy parts and assemble a PC yourself (personally designed clone)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Considerations when buying a new pc hierarchical

Considerations When Buying a New PC (Hierarchical)

  • Intended purpose

  • Functionality needed

  • Hardware and software needed to meet functionality requirements

  • Budget

  • Assemble clone yourself?

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Purchasing a brand name pc versus a clone

Purchasing a Brand-Name PC versus a Clone

  • Brand-name

    • Costs more than a clone

    • Generally provides better after-sales service and additional support

    • May be more proprietary

      • Potential for difficulty in upgrading and repairing

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Selecting software

Selecting Software

  • Choose operating system first

  • Choose application software

    • Functionality

    • Compatibility

    • Training

    • Documentation

    • Upgrade policies

    • Popularity

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Selecting hardware

Selecting Hardware

  • Most important criteria:

    • Compatibility

    • Functionality

  • Consider motherboard first

  • Other considerations (eg, processing power, modem, power supply, case, documentation, internal versus external devices)

  • Peripheral devices

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Considerations when selecting a total package

Considerations When Selecting a Total Package

  • Hardware and software included

  • Warranty and return or exchange policy

  • On-site or local service

  • ACPI- and Energy Star-compliance

  • Preinstalled software

  • Documentation

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Considerations when selecting a total package continued

Considerations When Selecting a Total Package (continued)

  • Manufacturer’s Web site

  • Motherboard allows for expansion of RAM

  • Unused expansion slots

  • Ability to disable features

  • Price

    • High- to middle-priced PCs offer more network capability, expandability, support, prior testing

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Why build your own pc

Why Build Your Own PC?

  • Can be fun

  • Knowledge gain

  • Availability of hardware and software documentation and original software disks

  • Complete control over every part

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Why not build your own pc

Why Not Build Your Own PC?

  • Takes time and requires patience

  • No overall warranty on assembled product

  • Possibility of selecting components that are incompatible

  • Need access to an experienced technician or technical service center

  • Probably won’t save money

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Getting ready for assembly selecting parts

Getting Ready for Assembly: Selecting Parts

  • Review functionality, compatibility, and budget needs

  • Select motherboard first, then CPU and RAM

  • Select case and accompanying power supply

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Getting ready for assembly selecting parts continued

Getting Ready for Assembly: Selecting Parts (continued)

  • Select hard drive and other drives

  • Select video card and other peripherals (mouse, keyboard, monitor)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Getting ready for assembly final preparations

Getting Ready for Assembly: Final Preparations

  • Prepare a well-lit, uncluttered work area

  • Read all documentation and plan entire assembly

  • Get questions answered before you begin

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Building a personal computer assembly process

Building a Personal Computer: Assembly Process

  • Verify that you have all the parts

  • Prepare the computer case

  • Install drives

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Building a personal computer assembly process continued

Building a Personal Computer: Assembly Process (continued)

  • Determine and set up jumpers and DIP switches for the motherboard

  • Install CPU and CPU fan

  • Install RAM on the motherboard

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Building a personal computer assembly process continued1

Building a Personal Computer: Assembly Process (continued)

  • Install motherboard; attach cables and power cords

  • Install video card and other expansion cards

  • Install modem card

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Building a personal computer assembly process continued2

Building a Personal Computer: Assembly Process (continued)

10. Plug in computer; connect mouse, keyboard, and monitor

11. Boot the computer, check CMOS settings, and verify operation

12. Install peripheral devices and software

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 1 verify that you have all parts

Step 1: Verify That You Have All Parts

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 2 prepare computer case

Step 2: Prepare Computer Case

  • Install case fans and I/O shield

  • Remove plates covering drive bays and install spacers

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing i o shield

Installing I/O Shield

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing spacers

Installing Spacers

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 3 install drives

Step 3: Install Drives

  • Configure jumpers on each IDE drive

  • Install the CD-RW drive

  • Install the hard drive

  • Install the floppy drive

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Configuring jumpers on each ide drive

Configuring Jumpers on Each IDE Drive

  • With parallel ATA, up to two IDE controllers can be on motherboard (primary and secondary)

    • Each controller can support up to two drives (master and slave), for total of up to four IDE drives

  • With serial ATA and parallel ATA, up to six IDE devices can be supported

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing the cd rw drive

Installing the CD-RW Drive

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing the cd rw drive continued

Installing the CD-RW Drive (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing the cd rw drive continued1

Installing the CD-RW Drive (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing the hard drive

Installing the Hard Drive

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Installing the floppy drive

Installing the Floppy Drive

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 4 set jumpers or switches on motherboard

Step 4: Set Jumpers or Switches on Motherboard

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 4 set jumpers or switches on motherboard continued

Step 4: Set Jumpers or Switches on Motherboard (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 4 set jumpers or switches on motherboard continued1

Step 4: Set Jumpers or Switches on Motherboard (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 5 install cpu and cpu fan

Step 5: Install CPU and CPU Fan

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 5 install cpu and cpu fan continued

Step 5: Install CPU and CPU Fan (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 6 install ram on the motherboard

Step 6: Install RAM on the Motherboard

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued1

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued2

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued3

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued4

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued5

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued6

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued7

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 7 install motherboard and attach cabling continued8

Step 7: Install Motherboard and Attach Cabling (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 8 install the video card

Step 8: Install the Video Card

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 8 install the video card continued

Step 8: Install the Video Card (continued)

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 8 install the video card1

Step 8: Install the Video Card

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 9 install the modem card

Step 9: Install the Modem Card

  • Not considered an essential device

    • Can install after testing the system and installing the OS

  • If you choose to install it now:

    • Install in a PCI slot

    • Remove faceplate, insert the card, and secure it with a screw

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 10 plug in the computer and attach external devices

Step 10: Plug In the Computer and Attach External Devices

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 11 boot the computer check settings and verify operation

Step 11: Boot the Computer, Check Settings, and Verify Operation

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 11 boot the computer check settings and verify operation1

Step 11: Boot the Computer, Check Settings, and Verify Operation

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Step 12 install peripheral devices and applications

Step 12: Install Peripheral Devices and Applications

  • Modem card

  • Printer

  • Applications

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


Summary

Summary

  • Reasons for purchasing a new PC

    • Better after-sales service and support

  • Reasons for building a PC from parts

    • Knowledge gain

    • Complete control over every part

  • Procedures for building a PC from parts

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, Fifth Edition


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