Human Development. Development Parenting styles Cognition DNA Theories of development Conception Genes Developmental theorists Assimilation Genotype Teratogenic effects Threshold effect Phenotype Imprinting Accommodation
Development Parenting styles Cognition
DNA Theories of development Conception
Genes Developmental theorists Assimilation
Genotype Teratogenic effects Threshold effect
Phenotype Imprinting Accommodation
Gamete Stranger anxiety Germinal stage
Zygote Theory theory Embryonic stage
Attachment Theory of mind Fetal stage
Interaction effect Apgar scale Critical periods
Addiction Dizygotic/Monozygotic twins
What are reflexes?
First, infants begin to roll over. Next, they sit unsupported, crawl, and finally walk. Experience has little effect on this sequence.
Cognition refers to all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
Developmental psychologist Jean Piaget believed that children reason differently than adults and that a child’s mind develops in a series of stages.
Jean Piaget (1896–1980)
Piaget felt that the driving force behind our intellectual progression is an unceasing struggle to make sense of our experiences and that to do this maturing brains build schemas.
Schemas are concepts or frameworks that
organize and interpret information.
To use our schemas Piaget proposed that we assimilate new experiences, or interpret them according to our schemas and then adjust or accommodate our schemas accordingly.
Stranger anxiety is the fear of strangers that develops at around 8 months. This is the age at which infants form schemas for familiar faces and cannot assimilate a new face.
Emerging adulthood spans from the late-teens to the mid-twenties. During this time, young adults may live with their parents and attend college or work. On average, emerging adults marry in their mid-twenties.
Preconventional Morality: Before age 9, children show morality to avoid punishment or gain reward.
Conventional Morality: By early adolescence, social rules and laws are upheld for their own sake.
Postconventional Morality: Affirms people’s agreed-upon rights or follows personally perceived ethical principles.
The “normal” range of reactions or grief stages after the death of a loved one varies widely. Grief is more severe if death occurs unexpectedly. People who view their lives with a sense of integrity (in Erikson’s terms) see life as meaningful and worthwhile.
Life satisfaction before, during the year of, and after a spouse’s death