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An Overview of ENG Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION. Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson Director, Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems Directorate for Engineering, 703-292-7018. Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Directorate for

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An Overview of ENG Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson

Director, Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems

Directorate for Engineering, 703-292-7018

Directorate forComputer andInformation

Science and


Directorate for



Directorate for

Education and



Directorate for



and Economic


Directorate for


and Physical


Directorate for





Polar and



Directorate for


National Science Foundation - FY2000

Office of theInspector General

National Science Board


FY 2000 $3,897M total

$2,958M R&RA

Staff Offices










NSF FY 2001 Requested Budget by Appropriation

FY 2000


FY 2001


% Change

Research and Related Activities

Education and Human Resources

Major Research Equipment

Salaries and Expenses

Office of the Inspector General

Total, NSF



















$ in Millions

Directorate forComputer andInformation

Science and


Directorate for



Directorate for

Education and



Directorate for



and Economic


Directorate for


and Physical


Directorate for





Polar and



Directorate for


National Science Foundation

FY2001 Request

Office of theInspector General

National Science Board


FY 2001 $4,572M total

$3,541M R&RA

Staff Offices










NSF Strategic Goals

  • Ideas - Discovery at and across the frontier of science and engineering, and connections to its use in the service of society.

  • People - A diverse, internationally competitive and globally-engaged workforce of scientists, engineers and well-prepared citizens.

  • Tools - Broadly accessible, state-of-the-art information bases and shared research and education tools.

NSF’s Priority Areas

  • Information Technology Research (ITR)

  • Nanoscale Science and Engineering

  • Biocomplexity and the Environment

  • 21st Century Workforce

  • FY02 - Mathematics

  • FY03 - Social, Behavioral, Economic Sciences

NSF Research Initiative:21st Century Workforce: FY 2001 Focus Areas

  • Science of learning (EHR, partnering with Dept of Education and NIH, $52M)

  • Enhancing educational performance (e.g., Centers for Learning and Teaching, $20M; GTF, $28M; Distinguished Teaching Scholars, $2M)

  • Broadening participation (Tribal Colleges, $10M)

  • Addressing immediate workforce requirements (Advanced Technological Education, $39M)

  • Networking and access (National SMET Digital Library, $27M)

Other FY 2001 Highlights

  • Cyber Security ($44M)

  • EPSCoR ($48M EHR, $25M R&RA)

  • IGERT (focus on interdisciplinary training, $31M)

  • CAREER ($114M, CMS received over 10% of all CAREER proposals submitted to NSF)

  • ADVANCE (includes both individual and institutional components

Directorate for Engineering

FY2001 Request



FY 2001 $456.5M




Bioengineering &



Civil &



Chemical &




Manufacture, &

Industrial Innovation

(includes SBIR)

Electrical &




Education &





National Science Foundation

Research Modes:

  • Workshops/U.S. attendance at International meetings

  • Unsolicited research (single investigator/small groups)

  • Special initiatives

  • Center-based research

  • Industry partnerships and international collaborations

  • Information centers

  • Education projects (research, curriculum development, informal education)

    NSF supported organizations include academe, professional and private sectors

Engineering DirectorateLeadership

Louis Martin-Vega

Acting Assistant Director for Engineering

Elbert Marsh

Deputy Assistant Director for Engineering

Engineering Vision

Make sure that we are not “under invested” in areas of research growth or educational need nor “over invested” in continuing or mature areas, but with strong emphasis on the integration of research and education

  • Engineering thematic research areas

    • Information Technology

    • Engineering the Nano/Micro World - National Nanotechnology Initiative

    • Engineering the Environment - sensing and imaging

    • Biotechnology and biophotonics

    • Advanced manufacturing and materials

    • Engineering the Service World - SES and ETI

    • Engineering Education - CRCD, REU, RET

Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative (NSF 00-119)

  • Support research in emerging areas including:

    • Biosystems at nanoscale

    • Nanoscale structures, novel phenomena, quantum control

    • Device and system architecture, design tools and nanosystem specific software

    • Nanoscale processes in the environment

    • Multi-scale, multi-phenomena modeling and simulation

    • Studies on societal implications of nanoscale science and engineering, education and training

  • Support large-scale and longer duration collaborative research and educational activities

Engineering Education

  • Develop the Engineering Faculty of the Future

    • Reward young faculty for integrating education and research (CAREER, CRCD)

    • Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars Workshops, Eng Education Coalitions)

    • Increase faculty diversity (ADVANCE, ERC’s)

  • Attract and retain the best students

    • Engage faculty and students in the learning process

    • Provide early exposure to engineering practice

    • Collaborative learning and peer tutoring

    • Increase diversity of future workforce

  • Integration of Research & Education

    • Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER)

    • Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeships (IGERT)

      • Engineers are active participants in 15 of NSF’s 19 awards

  • Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)

    • ENG has 52 REU sites, 444 REU scholars, 171 women or underrepresented minorities

    • REU supplements and ERC REU sites

  • Others:

    • Graduate Research Fellowships

    • Minority Institutions for Excellence

    • Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education

  • Partnerships

    • Engineering Research Centers

      • 25-30% of support from other Federal agencies

      • 30% of support from private industry

  • Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC’s) - average 10:1 NSF:industry leveraging

  • NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research

  • NSF/DOE Partnership on Plasma Science and Engineering

  • NSF/HUD Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing

  • Metabolic Engineering - partnership with eight agencies

  • National Nanotechnology Initiative - Federal Interagency Program with DoD, DOE, NASA, Commerce, NIH

  • International Activities

    • World Technology Evaluation Studies (WTEC)

      • Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing

      • Study on Tissue Engineering

  • US-Japan Joint Optoelectronics Project

    • NSF through ENG will be the lead Federal agency

  • US –Japan Collaboration in Earthquake Mitigation


    • University of Arizona and Queen’s University at Belfast

  • DMII Grantees Conference

    • NSF/CONACyT (Mexico)/NRC and NSERC (Canada)

  • Current Major Research Equipment (MRE) Project

    Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)

    • A high-performance collaboratory integrating experimentation, computation, data repository, model-based simulation and tele-presencing communication

    • Objective: revolutionize the environment for earthquake engineering research to improve seismic design and performance of infrastructure systems

    • $ 81.9 M investment over five years (FY00-04)

    Future MRE Infrastructure Project

    Nanotechnology Experimentation and Testing Network (NEXT)

    • Concept: An integrated network of world-class facilities for fabrication, testing, experimental validation and process standardization in support of the National Nanotechnology Initiative

      • design, development and characterization of nano-materials and nano-devices; integration into components and products; and connectivity in larger-scale systems.

  • Supports NSF Strategic goals

    • Provides a unique environment for integrating research and education of faculty and students: (People)

    • Allows experiments/tests to be conducted simultaneously in different venues to speed validation/standardization: (Ideas)

    • Provides a framework for innovation to occur through collaboration with industry and national laboratories: (Tools)

  • Future Directions

    • FY 2001 Budget: NSF received a 13.6 % ($ 540 million) increase, including increases for

      • Information Technology Research

      • Nanotechnology

      • Bio and the Environment

      • 21st Century Workforce

      • Education and Human Resources

  • FY 2002 Budget: Not quite as promising, but.....

  • Future Directions

    We are confident that we will be able to make future investments in areas such as:

    • Nanotechnology

    • Optical Technologies

    • Wireless

    • Post Genomic Engineering

    • Multiple Scale Modeling and Simulation

    • Extreme Events

    • Nano-scale Manufacturing

    • Environmentally Benign Manufacturing

    • Integration of Research and Education

    Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson

    Director, Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems

    Directorate for Engineering, 703-292-7018

    The Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS)

    The Mission of CMS:

    • to provide a fundamental underpinning for the engineering profession in application to mechanical systems and the constructed environment including infrastructure systems, and

    • to support the rapid development and deployment of new technology in service to society and to reduce risks induced by natural and technological hazards.

    CMS Award InformationResearch Grants Only

    FY99 mean award size $69k/year; mean duration, 2.8 years

    Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems

    • CMS is comprised of six programs:

      • Five disciplinary “super” programs, each with two program officers

      • The NEES (Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation) program, with two assigned program officers

    CMS Programs

    • Dynamic System Modeling, Sensing & Control (DSMSC)

      Program Directors: Alison Flatau ( and Shi Chi Liu (on leave)

    • Infrastructure and Information Systems (IIS)

      Program Directors: William Anderson (on leave) and Miriam Heller (

    • Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering (SMME)

      Program Directors: Ken Chong ( and Jorn Larsen Basse (

    • Structural Systems and Engineering (SSE)

      Program Directors: Vijaya Gopu to 3/01(, Peter Chang from 3/01 ( and John Scalzi (

    • Geotechnical and GeoHazards Systems (GHS)

      Program Directors: Clifford Astill ( and Richard Fragaszy (

    NMR on a Chip: A Micro-NMR Device for In Situ Detection of Chlorides in Concrete

    RF Power &

    Micro-NMR Device


    Permanent Magnet

    Road Salt





    Micro-NMR Device

    Permanent Magnet

    B: Embedded NMR Sensor

    A: Basic Concept for the Micro-NMR Device

    An inexpensive passively powered NMR system, <50 mm in size, that can be distributed throughout a volume of concrete during placement, monitor in situ the concentration of chloride ions in the surrounding concrete, and store, process, and communicate the sensed data to the surface when interrogated.

    Optical fiber accelerometer developed by Maria Feng at UC Irvine has been implemented for health monitoring of a California bridge. The photo shows this sensor (left) being installed on the bridge together with a conventional accelerometer (right).

    Sensors for Civil and Mechanical Systems

    Nondestructive Testing for

    Civil and Mechanical Systems

    Electromagnetic imaging technology successfully detected and visualized damage in the bonding interface on FRP-jacketed reinforced concrete columns.



    People, Ideas and Tools: Priorities for CMS Research in FY2002


    • Integration of research and education: CAREER, REU and RET

    • International connections: esp. earthquake/hazards

    • Risk taking through the SGER mode of funding

    • Partnership programs with industry (e.g., CAREER, PFI, EPSCoR, GOALI) and agencies (e.g., DOT, FHWA, HUD)

    • Building new research communities (e.g., ETI, SES, PATH)


    • Nano- and micro-scale materials and sensor science and engineering

    • Model-based simulation - integration of experiment and analysis

    • Environmental design and technologies - materials and sensors

    • Hazards and extreme events research

    • Infrastructure Systems - IT and SES


    • Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)

    NSF and NEHRP

    • NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program) - FEMA, NIST, USGS and NSF

    • NSF Investment for NEHRP-related research is typically about $30 million annually

    • NEHRP-related research is primarily funded through three NSF Directorates:

      • Geosciences Directorate ($10 to 12 million)

      • SBE Directorate ($1 to 3 million)

      • Engineering Directorate (about $18 to 20 million)

        • $6 million for EERC’s

        • $12 to 14 million for research programs

    • The NEES MRE project is under NEHRP

    Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation

    • Change focus from physical testing to seamless integration of testing, analysis and simulation

    • Revolutionize the practice of earthquake engineering research with state-of-the-art experimental equipment and information technology

    • Ultimately, enable new earthquake hazard mitigation technologies: structural, geotechnical, and tsunami

    $82 million Major Research Equipment (MRE) project

    construction 2000-2004

    operation 2005-2014

    Components of NEES

    • Earthquake engineering research equipment

    • Networked collaboratory

      • Operating subsystem

      • Computational subsystem

        All equipment and the collaboratory

        projects completed by end of FY04

    • Operation and use from FY05 through FY14 managed by the NEES Consortium

    NEES and the Federal Budget Process:NEES Authorized FY 2000-2004

    Annual Requested Appropriation

    ($ million, current inflation-adjusted dollars)

    NEES Earthquake EngineeringTesting Equipment and Facilities

    • Equipment Categories

      • Shake tables

      • Centrifuges

      • Tsunami/wave tank

      • Large-scale laboratory experimentation systems

      • Field Installations

    • Equipment Proposal Competitions

      • Phase 1 ($45 million) - 11 awards

      • Phase 2 (est. $15 to $20 million)

        • announcement to be issued in Fall, 2001

        • 5 to 10 additional awards expected

    Structural Modeling: Strong Walls and Shake Tables

    Structural Engineering Earthquake Simulation Lab, SUNY Buffalo

    NEES Systems IntegrationPhase 1 - Scoping Study

    In 8/00, an award was made to

    UIUC to conduct a Scoping Study

    “The NEESgrid project”

    • Assess NEES-related Earthquake community requirements

    • Report with detailed design and proof-of-concept demonstration due 2/01

    • NSF review 3/01 for possible $10 million award in Summer 2001

    The NEES Consortium

    • Consortium Development award in FY01 (NSF01-56) will develop the leadership, management, and coordination for the NEES collaboratory from beyond 2005 through 2014.

    • The NEES Consortium will:

      • Maintain and operate the NEES collaboratory and equipment sites

      • Develop and implement shared-use access and data policies

      • Support continued equipment and technology development

      • Establish national and international partnerships

      • Develop outreach and training activities for use of the NEES

    Bioengineering and Environmental Systems (BES) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Bruce Hamilton

    Acting Director, BES Division Directorate for Engineering

    Bioengineering and EnvironmentalSystems (BES)

    • BES has 3 “disciplinary” clusters, each funded at about $11 million/year

      • Biomedical Engineering (BME)

      • Biochemical Engineering (BCE)

      • Environmental Engineering (BEE)


    • Tissue Engineering

    • Metabolic Engineering

    • Post-Genomic QSB

    • Nanobiotech

    • EBM

    • Phytoremediation

    • Biophotonics

    Nanobiotechnology:Biosystems at Nanoscale

    Nanobiotechnology is defined as the study and control of structure-function in biological systems and processes at the nanoscale.

    Two of the grand challenges in Nanoscale Science and Engineering in which BES/ENG has strong interest are

    • Advanced healthcare, therapeutics and diagnostics and

    • Nanoscale processes for environmental improvement

    DNA molecules are about 2.5 nanometers wide. Ten hydrogen atoms span 1 nanometer.

    (Credit: Liz Carroll)

    Chemical and Transport Systems (CTS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Esin Gulari

    Director, Division of Chemical and Transport Systems

    Directorate for Engineering

    CTS Division Programs

    • Chemical Reaction Processes

      • Kinetics, Catalysis & Molecular Processes

      • Process & Reaction Engineering

    • Thermal Systems

      • Thermal Transport & Thermal Processing

      • Combustion & Plasma Systems

    • Interfacial, Transport & Separation Processes

      • Interfacial, Transport & Thermodynamics

      • Separation & Purification Processes

    • Fluid, Particulate & Hydraulic Systems

      • Particulate & Multiphase Processes

      • Fluid Dynamics & Hydraulics

    Target Areas for CTS Investments

    • Development of Functional Materials and Processes by Integrating Nano-, Micro-, and Macro-scale Phenomena

      • Particle and film formation via self-assembly, combustion, and plasma processes

      • New catalysts/biocatalysts for selectivity and energy efficiency

      • Nanoporous membranes for separations

      • Microscale reactors to produce designed molecules

      • Sensors and actuators for process design and control

      • High-end computing tools for design, processing and manufacturing

    • Green Engineering

      • New catalysts for alternate feedstocks and less waste

      • Cleaner efficient energy conversion systems

      • Plasma processes for hazardous waste treatment

      • Benign solvents in materials processing and separations

      • Non-polluting chemical process design and control strategies

    • Biotechnology

      • Selective reaction and separation processes for production of high-value and therapeutic molecules

    NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research

    • Technology for a Sustainable Environment

    • General Areas of Research Projects for the FY 2001 Announcement:

      • Chemistry and Chemical Reaction-based Engineering for Pollution Avoidance or Prevention

      • Non-reaction-based Engineering for Pollution Avoidance and Prevention

      • Green Design, Manufacturing, and Industrial Ecology for Sustainable Product/Services Realization

    Design, Manufacture and Industrial Innovation (DMII) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Kesh Narayanan

    Acting Director, Division of Design, Manufacture and Industrial Innovation

    Directorate for Engineering


    Joe Hennessey


    Federal Investment

    SBIR “Innovation” Model

    Private Sector Investment/

    Non-SBIR Federal Funds















    TOTAL ~ $1.1B

    Participating Agencies

    • DOD

    • HHS

    • NASA

    • DOE


    • USDA

    • DOC

    • EPA

    • DOT

    • DoED



    Employment of Scientists & Engineers*

















    * 1997 Data from NSF Science Indicators

    Faculty Partnershipin Small Businesses

    • Faculty members can own small firms

    • Faculty members can be “Senior Personnel” on a grant budget

    • Faculty members can consult

    • Faculty members can be Principal Investigators (with official leave from the university)

    • Faculty members can be part of a university subcontract

    • Universities laboratories can do analytical and other service support

    Market Driven Investment/BusinessFocused SBIR/STTR Topics

    • Advanced Materials and Manufacturing

    • Nanotechnology

    • Biotechnology

    • Electronics

    • Information-Based Technologies

    Materials Processing and Manufacturing (MPM)

    Manufacturing, Machines and Equipment (MME)

    Engineering Design (ED)

    Integration Engineering (IE)

    Operations Research (OR)

    Production Systems (PS)

    Innovation and Organizational Change (IOC)

    Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI)

    Academic DMII Programs

    Scalable Enterprise Systems

    • Research deals with designing, planning and controlling extended enterprises in a period of very rapid change

    • Examples

      • Where to position inventories in supply networks

      • When to outsource part and component production

      • How to share forecast information to reduce inventories

      • How to structure networks to produce build-to-order products with minimum delay and inventory

      • How to design electronic markets for materials, parts and transportation

    Future Directions for Manufacturing Enterprise


    Nano Scale



    Enterprise Scale

    Engineering the

    Service Sector

    Distributed Manufacturing Enterprise

    Electrical and Communications Systems (ECS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Rajinder Khosla

    Acting Director, Division of Electrical and Communications Systems

    Directorate for Engineering

    Electrical and Communication Systems (ECS)


    Address fundamental research issues underlying device and component technologies, systems and computation technologies and integrative systems and ensure the education of a diverse workforce to support the rapid development of these technologies.

    Core programs:

    • Electronics, Photonics and Device Technologies

    • Control, Networks and Computational Intelligence

    • Integrative Systems

    Electrical and Communications Systems Division FY 2002 Priorities

    Electronics, Photonics, and

    Device Technologies

    Control, Networks, and

    Computational Intelligence

    Control Systems

    Network Engineering

    Distributed and Hybrid


    Power and Energy


    Learning and Adaptive


    Quantum Information



    Quantum Electronics



    Biomolecular Devices

    Sensors and Actuators


    Power Electronics

    Wireless Technologies



    Wireless and Optical Communications and Information Networks

    National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN)

    Nanofabrication Processes


    Optics and Optoelectronics

    Materials Science

    Solid State Physics

    Nanostructure Science



    Quantum Structures


    Chemical Sensors



    Penn State



    U.C. Santa Barbara

    Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    Dr. Bruce Kramer

    Director, Division of Engineering Education and Centers

    Directorate for Engineering

    Strategy: Develop theEngineering Faculty of the Future

    • Reward young faculty for integrating education and research (CAREER Program - 30% of NSF awards are in ENG, CRCD)

    • Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars Workshops, Engineering Education Coalitions)

    • Experience in working across disciplines and in partnership with industry to gain knowledge of industrial practice (ERCs/EERCs and I/UCRCs)

    • Increase the diversity of the faculty (ADVANCE, linkages between ERCs and minority institutions)

    Strategy: Attract New Generationsof Innovators to Engineering

    • Attract and retain the best students in engineering through new teaching methods (Coalitions, IGERT)

      • Engage faculty and students in the learning process

      • Early exposure to engineering practice

      • Collaborative learning and peer tutoring

  • Increase diversity (REUs, Coalitions, Graduate Fellowships for Women, ERCs/EERCs, ADVANCE)

  • Give undergraduates experience with engineering research (REUs, ERCs/EERCs)

  • New Curricula for Advanced Technology (ERCs/EERCs, CRCD)

  • Expose K-14 students and teachers to engineering and technology (RET, ATE, GK-12, ERCs/EERCs)

  • Engineering Research Centers

    • “Engineered Systems” Focus

      • Strategic vision for field

      • From discovery to proof-of-concept

      • Integration of research and education

      • Partnership with industry

      • Combine engineering and management

  • 39 ERCs supported since 1985 (23 currently funded)

  • Increasingly multi-university

  • Impact on university and practitioner education

  • Competition for FY 2002 awards will start soon

  • Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers

    • More than 50 current I/UCRCs

    • Strong leveraging of NSF funding (10:1+)

    • Industry plays an active role in setting research agenda

    • NSF provides up to $100K/yr for first 5 years

    • NSF provides less for second 5 years

    • Proposal Process

      • Concept paper with expressions of interest from 6 companies

      • Planning Grant ($10K, external review)

      • Full Grant competition (due 18 months after receipt of planning grant)


    Directorate of Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences

    Types of INT Programs

    • Planning Visits

    • Cooperative Research Projects

    • Workshops

    • Postdoctoral Fellowships

    • Dissertation Enhancement

    • Summer Programs for Graduate Students

      INT programs are organized by country clusters - see

    Programs for “Young” Researchers

    • Undergraduates

      • Participation in cooperative research projects

    • Graduate Students

      • Summer programs in Japan and Korea

      • Summer schools (ad hoc)

      • Dissertation enhancement awards

      • Participation in cooperative research projects

    • Postdoctoral researchers

      • Postdoctoral fellows

      • Japan fellowships

      • Participation in cooperative research projects

    INT Supplements

    • Made to current awards

    • International activity of mutual benefit

    • Support for junior faculty and students

    • May be requested any time during the award


    What challenges will the 21st century engineer face?

    • challenges driven primarily by advances in IT, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Terascale Computing, Cognitive Sciences, and other emerging technologies

      • Engineers will need a knowledge base in these areas well beyond what is being provided today

      • They will also need knowledge of integrated networking and design beyond what is provided today

    • challenges driven by ever-increasing social responsibilities including engineers playing a greater role in the development and implementation of national and international environmental and economic policy


    What kind of education will the 21st century engineer need?

    • One that shifts from strict dedication to course content to a more comprehensive view

    • One that places primary emphasis on the development of students as emerging professionals

    • One that strives to assure that the “E” in Engineering truly stands for excitement !!

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