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2 nd Quarter Exam Review. Helpful Pages R5-R7. Topics Covered. Geography-pages 2-3 Reconstruction-pages 5-25 Moving West-pages 27-47 Immigration- pages 49-59 City Problems & Inventions-pages 60-71 Big Business-pages 72-81 Progressive Era-pages 82-87 Spanish American War-pages 89-99

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2 nd Quarter Exam Review

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2nd Quarter Exam Review

Helpful Pages R5-R7


Topics Covered

  • Geography-pages 2-3

  • Reconstruction-pages 5-25

  • Moving West-pages 27-47

  • Immigration- pages 49-59

    • City Problems & Inventions-pages 60-71

    • Big Business-pages 72-81

  • Progressive Era-pages 82-87

  • Spanish American War-pages 89-99

  • World War I-pages 100-113B


What are the 4 significant cities of the Northeast Region?


4 significant cities of the Northeast Region

  • New York City* Pittsburgh

  • Boston* Philadelphia


What are the states in the Southwest Region?


Southwest Region

Arizona

New Mexico

Texas

Oklahoma


What are the Noncontiguous states?


Noncontiguous Region

Alaska

Hawaii


What are the 3 significant cities in the Midwest?


What are the 3 significant cities in the Midwest?

  • ChicagoSt. Louis

Detroit


Thirteenth Amendment

13th


Ended/banned slavery


Fourteenth Amendment

14th


Citizenship to Blacks and full protection under the law (life, liberty & property).


Fifteenth Amendment

15th


Right to vote regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.


W.E.B. Du Bois


Segregation should be stoppednow

  • FULL political, civil, and socialrights for African Americans.


Booker T. Washington


Accepted segregation

  • Equality gained through vocational education


N.A.A.C.P


National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

  • Challenged segregation laws

  • Fought for equal rights for blacks


1 Reconstruction Policy


African Americans could hold political positions


2nd Reconstruction Policy


Union soldiers supervised the South


What were the restrictions that made it difficult for African Americans to vote?


  • Literacy Test

  • Grandfather Clause

  • Poll Tax


How did our view change of the great plains


Change of Perspective

TREELESS WASTELAND

VAST AREA TO BE SETTLED


What are the physical features of the great plains?


Flat lands

Low rainfall

FLED

Erosion

Dust storms


What are the reasons for westward expansion?

Why did we move West?


Land

Adventure

LARGE

Railroad

Gold

Escape discrimination


New Technologies

What are the new technologies of the great plains


Windmills

Steel Plow

Wheat Farming

Railroads

Barbed Wire

Sod Houses

Reaper

Beef Cattle Ranching


Transcontinental Railroad


  • Moved cattle from East to West

  • Transported iron ore to steel factories

  • Moved products to national markets


Chief Joseph


“I am tired of fighting…from where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

Attempted to lead his people into Canada to escape the U.S. government


Reservation


Native American tribes forced off their own land


Assimilation


The US government’s attempt to change American Indians to fit into US culture


What was the 1st law passed that limited immigration in the US?


Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882


What is a primary source?


1st hand account of an event

Example: Diary of a soldier from WWI


What is a quota?


LIMITS ON NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS WHO CAN ENTER A COUNTRY


Immigration Processing Centers


Asian immigration station

Angel Island- California

European immigration station

Ellis Island- New York


What was the biggest wave of Immigrants?


South Eastern Europe

1880-1920


Immigration

PUSH Factors


Why did people leave their country

  • Oppressivegovernments

  • Poverty

  • Overcrowding

  • Crop failures

  • Starvation and disease

  • Limited land


Why did immigration increase?

PULL Factors


Why did people come to America

  • Hope for better opportunities

  • Escape oppressivegovernments

  • Adventure!

  • Religious freedom

  • Jobs (industry – not farming)


Where did people moved to find more and better job opportunities?


Better job opportunities in the city

Moved from rural areas (farms)

to urban areas (cities)


Labor Force


The workers in an industry


Captains of Industry


Leaders that used their business skills to make businesses

Henry Ford

Andrew Carnegie


Specialized Industry

Detroit


Automobiles (cars)


Specialized Industry

Pittsburgh


Steel


Who invented the light bulb?


Thomas Edison


Who invented the telephone?


Alexander Graham Bell

Allowed people to communicate almost instantly


Who founded the Hull House?


Jane Adams


Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony


Fought for women’s suffrage

The right to vote

19th Amendment gave women the right to vote


What organization fought for better working conditions


American Federation of Labor

AFL


Political Machine


  • Controls the police and the courts

  • Gained power by assisting immigrants to find housing


What are the causes and results of the Spanish American War?


Causes Results

  • Protection of American Business interest in Cuba

  • America supported Cuban independence from Spain

  • The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine

  • Exaggerated news reports

  • The United States became a world power

  • Cuba gained independence from Spain

  • The United States gained

    • Puerto Rico

    • Guam

    • Philippines


Why did the United States build the Panama Canal?


To protect the newly acquired territories

Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines


What message is the author trying to send?


Theodore Roosevelt is attempting to walk softly, but will use a big stick to accomplish his purpose


What is Imperialism?


Using power to get control of weaker nations


What is militarism?


A policy of glorifying military power


What is Nationalism?


A policy of taking extreme pride in one’s country


What is an Alliance?


Agreements between nations to protect each other


What was the “spark” that started WWI?


The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand


What is a German submarine?


U-Boat


What is Propaganda?


Ideas or information designed and distributed to influence peoples’ opinion


What is the Zimmermann Telegram?


Telegram from Germany asking Mexico to invade the U.S.


What are the 3 reason for the U.S. becoming involved in WWI?


  • Propaganda portraying Germans as a threat in America

  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • Economic and political ties to Great Britain


What is an Armistice?


A temporary agreement to stop fighting


What was the FINAL point in Wilson’s 14th point plan?


The League of Nations


What country was NOT represented at the Paris Peace Conference?


Germany


Which country never signed the Treaty of Versailles?


The United States


What are Reparations?


A debt a losing nation must pay

Example: Germany


What is Isolationism?


A decision to avoid political or economic involvement with other nations

Example: U.S. after WWI


What is neutrality?


A state of being neutral, on neither side of a fight

especially nonparticipation in war


Name the Central & Allied Powers


Central Powers

Allied Powers

France

Britain

Russia

United States

  • Germany

  • Austria-Hungary

  • Bulgaria

  • Ottoman Empire


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