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Status of the FAIR project at GSI, Darmstadt International TRD workshop Romania, September 24-28, 2005 J. Eschke, GSI. Overview of the FAIR Facility Status evaluation of scientific program and technical planning of accelerators Roadmap of International Steering Committee

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Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Status of the FAIR project

at GSI, Darmstadt

International TRD workshop

Romania, September 24-28, 2005

J. Eschke, GSI

Overview of the FAIR Facility

Status evaluation of scientific program and technical planning of accelerators

Roadmap of International Steering Committee

4. Next Steps


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Key Technical Features

  • Cooled beams

  • Rapidly cycling superconducting magnets

International FAIR Project:Facility Characteristics

Primary Beams

  • 1012/s; 1.5-2 GeV/u; 238U28+

  • Factor 100-1000 over present intensity

  • 2(4)x1013/s 30 GeV protons

  • 1010/s 238U92+ up to 35 GeV/u

  • up to 90 GeV protons

SIS 100/300

SIS

UNILAC

FRS

Secondary Beams

ESR

  • Broad range of radioactive beams up to 1.5 - 2 GeV/u; up to factor 10 000 in

  • intensity over present

  • Antiprotons 0 - 30 GeV

HESR

Super

FRS

Storage and Cooler Rings

CR

NESR

FLAIR

  • Radioactive beams

  • e- – A (or Antiproton-A) collider

  • 1011 stored and cooled 0.8 - 14.5 GeV antiprotons

  • Polarized antiprotons(?)

RESR


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Five Scientific Pillars

  • Research Areas:

  • Nuclear structure and nuclear astro-

  • physics with beams of short-lived nuclei

  • Hadron physics and QCD with cooled

  • antiproton beams

  • Physics of high-density nuclear matter

  • and the quark-gluon phase transition

  • Physics of dense plasmas

  • Atomic physics, fundamental symmetries

  • and material science

How are the elements from

Iron to Uranium made ?

What is Mass?

(and polarisation)

Mass in Medium?

Interior of Stars and Planets

Highest EM Fields, exotic nuclei,

exotic atoms, anti-matter,

(antimatter)


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Nuclear structure and nuclear astro-physics

with beams of short-lived nuclei

Isotopes accessible

by the Super-FRS

FAIR


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

NUSTAR Technical Proposals

• The NUSTAR Community  600 people from about 70 Institutions

In-Flight Radioactive Beam Facility

(0 - 1500 AMeV)

High intensity primary beams

(e.g. 1012238U / sec at 1 GeV/u)


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

detector features:

measurement and

identification of

, e , , , K, p, p

high rate capability

fast trigger scheme

High-Energy Storage & Cooler Ring (HESR) und Detector

p-injection

HESR

electron cooler

universal detector PANDA

circumference 442 m

max. bending power 50 Tm

p


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Physics Potential of the Antiproton Facility

glueballs (ggg) hybrids (ccg)

p momentum [GeV/c]

J/ spectroscopy confinement

hidden and open charm in nuclei

fundamental symmetries: p in traps (FLAIR)

strange and charmed baryons in nuclear field

Light Mesons

Charmonium

Mass [GeV/c2]

  • Quark gluon structure and dynamics of “strong” interacting particles;

  • Origin of the confinement and mass of hadron


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

CBM

ECAL

(12 m)

TOF

(10 m)

TRDs

(4,6,8 m)

RICH

(1,5 m)

STS (5 – 100 cm)

beam

magnet

Physics of Nuclear Matter Studies with Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

  • Studies of hadronic matter at high net baryon densities;

  • Phase transitions in quark matter at large µB

  • in-medium mass modification in dense matter


History of the fair project

Since mid 90ies: Concrete ideas about GSI's future

2000: First draft of an 'International accelerator centre for research with antiproton and ion beams'

Autumn 2001: Conceptual Design Report

2002: Evaluation by the Science Council of Germany (together with 8 other big projects)

Positive Recommendation, but:

Extension in Stages (Stage Planning)

At least 25% of the investment cost of 675 M€ has to be raised from international partners.

Feb. 5th, 2003: Positive decision of the ministry for education and research of Germany

History of the FAIR project


History of the fair project 2

Administrative:

Feb. 2004: Establishment of the International Steering Committee (ISC)Subcommittees: AFI (Administrative and Funding Issues) STI (Scientific and Technical Issues)

September 2004: Memorandum of Understanding

Scientific:

Spring 2004: Submission of 25 Letters of Intent(partially experiments in addition to the original CDR, e.g. FLAIR, PAX)

January 2005: 21 Collaborations submit Technical Proposals

and 14 Technical Reports for the accelerator and infrastructure

History of the FAIR project (2)


The international steering committee for fair

The International Steering Committee for FAIR

ISC

Internat. Steering Committee

H. Schunck

AFI Working Group

Administrative and Funding

Issues

H.-F. Wagner

STI Working Group

Scientific + Technical Issues

H. Wenninger

FAIR Project

PAC QCD E.Chiavassa

Legal Working Group

U. Jahn

PAC NUSTAR R.Casten

PAC APPA D.Schwalm

Full Cost Issues Group

B. Brandt

TAC Yanglai Cho

Cost Review Group 'E'

ExperimentsW. Bartel

Cost Review Group 'A'

Accelerators D. Plane

Observers:


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Status Signatures Memorandum of Understanding

for the FAIR project (January 18, 2005)

Observers: EU, USA, China, Hungary, India, Austria

China and India intent to sign the MoU

Romania declared to become observer in the ISC


The international steering committee for fair1

The International Steering Committee for FAIR

ISC

Internat. Steering Committee

H. Schunck

AFI Working Group

Administrative and Funding

Issues

H.-F. Wagner

STI Working Group

Scientific + Technical Issues

H. Wenninger

FAIR Project

PAC QCD E.Chiavassa

Legal Working Group

U. Jahn

PAC NUSTAR R.Casten

PAC APPA D.Schwalm

Full Cost Issues Group

B. Brandt

TAC Yanglai Cho

Cost Review Group 'E'

ExperimentsW. Bartel

Cost Review Group 'A'

Accelerators D. Plane

Observers:


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

PAC and TAC evaluation March 14th - 17th 2005


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Technical Proposals (TP) following last year’s LoIs

PAC on Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics (NUSTAR-PAC):

1.) Low Energy Branch (LEB)

High-resolution In-Flight Spectroscopy (HISPEC)/ Zs.Podolyak/ Surrey

Decay Spectroscopy with Implanted Ion Beams (DESPEC)+ B. Rubio Valencia

Precision Measurements of very short-lived Nuclei using an

Advanced Trapping System for highly-charged Ions (MATS)K.Blaum Mainz

LASER Spectroscopy for the Study of Nuclear Properties (LASPEC)P. Campbell Manchester

Neutron Capture Measurements (NCAP)M.Heil FZK

Antiprotonic Radioactive Nuclides (Exo+pbar)M. Wada Riken

2.) High Energy Branch (R3B)

A Universal Setup for Kinematical Complete Measurements of

Reactions with Relativistic Radioactive Beams (R3B)T. Aumann GSI

3.) Ring Branch (STORIB)

Study of Isomeric Beams, Lifetimes and Masses (ILIMA)Y .Novikov SPNPI

Exotic Nuclei Studied in Light-Ion Induced Reactions

at the NESR Storage Ring (EXL)M. Chartier Liverpool

Electron-Ion Scattering in a Storage Ring (e-A Collider) (ELISe)H. Simon GSI

Antiproton-Ion Collider: A Tool for the Measurement of Neutron and

Proton rms radii of Stable and Radioactive Nuclei (AIC)R. Krücken TUM

Spectroscopy of Pionic Atoms with Unstable Nuclei (PIONIC)K. Itahashi Riken

667 users in 10 TP


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Technical Proposals (TP) following last year’s LoIs

909 users in 4 TPs

PAC on QCD:

(ASSIA Study of Spin-dependent Interactions with Antiprotons)R.Bertini Torino

CBM Compressed Baryonic Matter ExperimentP.SengerGSI

PANDA Strong Interaction Studies with AntiprotonsU.WiednerTSL Uppsala

PAX Antiproton-Proton Scattering Experiments with PolarizationF.RathmannFZJ

PAC on Atomic Physics, Plasma Physics and Applications (APPA-PAC):

Laser Cooling of Highly Charged Ions at SIS 100/300U. SchrammLMU

FLAIR - A Facility for Low-energy Antiproton and

Ion ResearchE. Wiedman Tokyo

SPARC Stored Particles in Atomic physics ResearchR. SchuchStockholm

HEDGEHOB: High Energy Density matter

GEenerated by Heavy-iOn BeamsD. Varentsov Darmstadt

Applications of Relativistic Ions in Radiobiology

and Space ResearchM. DuranteNapoli

Materials Research with Relativistic Heavy Ion BeamsS. KlaumünzerHMI

Radiative Properties of Warm Dense MatterF. B. RosmejMarseille

578 users in 5 TPs


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Recommendations

of the STI Working Group on FAIR

  • 13 Technical Proposals approved

  • 3 Technical Proposals rejected

  • 2 Proposal considered as 2nd generation experiments

  • (to be worked out in detail)

Experiment cost evaluation by Cost Review Commmittee (CoRe E) performed for:

CBM, PANDA, SPARC, R3B, MATS, LASPEC,ILIMA, HISPEC/DESPEC


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

FAIR Layout January 2005

Technical Reports

  • SIS18 upgrade

  • SIS100

  • SIS300

  • Super-FSR

  • CR

  • RESR

  • NESR

  • Proton LINAC

  • HESR

  • Beam lines

  • Cryogenics

  • Controls

  • Civil Engineering

  • Radiation Safety


Cost optimization civil construction

Cost OptimizationCivil Construction

B3

B1

B2

B14

B7/7a


Cost optimization accelerators

Cost OptimizationAccelerators

  • Change of p_bar operation

  • Repositioning of HESR

  • Repositioning of FLAIR Cave

  • Repositioning of PP, AP, CBM caves


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Preliminary


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

FAIR GmbH with international shareholders

Company General Assembly

International

Steering Commitee

Scietific / Technical

Advisory Committees

Administrative Council

Supervisory Board

Administration and

Financial Issues WG

Controlling,Legal Issues

Safety

Scientific Council

EU Contracts,

3rd Party Funding

Directorate

DG

Sci. Tech. Admin. FAIR

International FAIR Project

Management Board

Scientific and Technical

Issues WG

Users, Public Relations

FAIR Project Management Team

Research Division

Infrastructure Division

Administration

Accelerator Operation

FAIR Division

(FAIR Technical Director)

HADES

Buildings

Facility Maintenance

Central Services

Human Resources

Injectors

Integration

ALICE

Finance

Beam Diagnostics

Civil Construction

FOPI

FRS/ESR

HF

Accelerator

Technical Services

Purchasing

HE Reactions

Theory /systems

Operating

IT

Spectroscopy

Rings

Experiment Electronics

Electrical Engineering

Controls

SHE / Chemistry

SC Magnets

Atomic Physics

Detector-Lab.

HD-Therapy

Cryosystems

Vacuum

PHELIX+PP

Target-Lab.

Bio Physics

FAIR Experiments -TI

Documentation / Library

CBM -TI

Material Research

PANDA-TI

Theory

Super-FRS-TI

RIB Low Energy Branch TI

CBM

RIB High Energy Cave TI

PANDA

RIB Ring Branch TI

TI= Technical Infrastructure

NUSTAR

Exp. groups

FLAIR & SPARC &

Applications Facilities TI

Plasma Physics TI

FLAIR & SPARC


Convention governmental contract provisions for general framework procedures arrangements annexes

Convention(Governmental Contract –provisions for general framework, procedures, arrangements; annexes?)

Articles of Association

(based on rules of German limited liability company (GmbH) law;

recorded and registered with notary public;

any changes require full notary public process)

By-Laws

(contract(s) on specific rules and regulations between shareholders;

does not require notary public involvement)

plus additional bi-lateral, multi-lateral contracts, MoU's etc between

shareholders and other parties


Form of contributions

Cash

In-kind: A country delivers a component(e.g., all dipole magnets for one of the rings)

Recognized as an equivalent cash contribution

Price fixed by STI and its subgroups

Cost book for all components

Advantage for in-kind takers: Money stays more likely at home

Consortia (e.g., HESR consortium, ....): Several partners delivering a component together

Form of contributions:


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Contract(s) Development

Contract(s) Negotiations

Closing

Evaluation by Advisory Committees

by Mid March 05

Cost Review by CORE groups

by summer 05

Project Definition in 2005

TDR's

The ISC-FAIR International Working Groups

AFI

Signing of MoU

Phase II

Governed

by

Contracts

MoU

Phase I – Governed by MoU

2005

2004

2006

STI

LoI's

Proposals / TR's

(2100 authors)

Technical

Committee

PAC's


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Next Steps

2005

SeptemberConsolidated Layout of FAIR

October Final Modification of Civil Engineering --> new design specs to BUNG compagny

September STI Draft of FAIR definition

September/NovemberCost Review Groups E and A evaluation reports

November STI and AFI joint session to finalize FAIR definition

November TAC evaluation of new layout, of civil engineering

November presentation of project definition to ISC

January 2006Civil Engineering report from BUNG company

January 2006 Determination of Legal Structure of FAIR, draft of FAIR contract

January-March 2006 TDR - FAIR Project Definition

Mid 2006Signature of FAIR Convention

2006 to 2010 Technical Design Reports (TDR) for the sub systems

spring 2008 Start of FAIR construction

2011 – 2014 Commissioning of FAIR


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

PAX Proposal for polarized Experiments


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

[email protected]:

Facility for Low energy Antiprotons and Ion Research

100x more intensity than at CERN AD

Originates from CERN-AD program

“Angels and Demons”

at Darmstadt


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Preliminary


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

ISC Decisions

The Steering Committee considers the concept proposed for the organisational structure

of FAIR as basically appropriate, both for construction and operation.

It thus supports:

1. the legal form of a German limited liability company (GmbH),

2. the proposed extension of the present GSI GmbH with international shareholders

from the FAIR partner countries and

3. the development of the FAIR convention as well as appropriate

articles of association and by-laws, as a basis for the future contractual negotiations

and agreements between the partner countries.

The signature of the Convention is envisaged for the summer of 2006.

For the selection of candidates for the positions of FAIR Project Director and Head of the FAIR Division

an international search committee will be set up by the Supervisory Board of GSI.


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Mio €

year

Total cost: 989 Mio €

( Investment cost, additional Personel and including cost escalation )


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Organizational Structure of the FAIR Project

International FAIR Project Management Board

Project Director, Deputy Director

Research Coordinator, Accelerator Coordinator,

Civil Construction Coordinator,

Technical Integration Coordinator,

Administrative Coordinator

FAIR Project

Management Team

Contracts & Legal, Budget & Finances,

Scientific Coordination, Accelerator Technical Coordination, Civil Construction & Regulatory Procedures, International Project Integration

Advisory Committees

PACs, TAC, EMAC,...

Accelerator Technical Board

Research Technical Board

Civil Construction

Integration

Board

SIS18

Upgrade

1.

P-Linac

2.

Acc. System

Physics

5.

SIS100

3.

PANDA

9.

CR

System

6.

Super-FRS

11.

SIS200

6T

4.

HESR

7.

NESR

8.

CBM

10.

Plasma

Phys. Exp.

12.

Buildings +

Infrastructure

14.

Atomic

Phys. Exp.

13.

Integration

15.


National and international matters

National and International Matters

  • First Official Public Hearing on FAIR on January 26th, 2005 at GSI

  • New Consortia in ‘statu nascendi’ and Old ones strengthening:

    • NESR: Spain- GSI

    • SIS300: France-Italy-UK- GSI- Russia

    • Super FRS: GSI-Kolkata

    • HESR: Jülich-GSI-Uppsala-Stockholm-Novosibirsk-Finland

    • P-Linac: Frankfurt-ITEP-GSI-India


3 phase project staging

General strategy:

Groundwork, supply systems and major buildings as early as financially possible

(potential for smoothing financial profile?)

Scientific facilities staged according to three science programmes

Contributions from outside mainly in kind for scientific facilities

3-Phase Project Staging


3 phase project staging1

Three stages according to fields of physics:

Radioactive beam physics

Nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics

Atomic physics studies with highly charged/radioactive ions

Proton-antiproton physics

QCD studies with protons and antiprotons

Precision studies with antiproton beams addressing fundamental symmetries and interactions

Full facility research

Full parallel operation of up to four experiments

Full energy and luminosity for nuclear collisions program at CBM

Precision QCD Studies at PANDA up to 8 GeV

Plasma research (full gain factor in power density: ~400)

Atomic reaction studies with fast beams

3-Phase Project Staging


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

  • Civil Construction

  • Ringtunnel for double ring synchrotron incl. technical buildings

  • Buildings housing the Super-FRS, the CR and NESR plus nuclear structure and atomic physics experiments

  • Office building

  • Accelerator

  • 2 x 1011/puls U28+ at 200 AMeV

  • 4 x 1010/puls U73+ at 1000 AMeV

  • 4 Hz up to 12 Tm; 1 Hz up to 18 Tm

  • Bunch compression to 70 ns

  • Research

  • Nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics (gain factor in intensities for radioactive secondary beams: ~100)

  • Plasma physics at 'old' facility (gain factor in power density: ~200)

  • Atomic physics studies with highly charged/radioactive ion beams

Staged construction scenario

Stage 1: 2007 - 2010


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

  • Civil Construction (completed)

  • p linac building

  • HESR building

  • Buildings housing nuclear collision, plasma physics and atomic physics experiments

  • Accelerator

  • 1 x 1012/puls U28+ at 2,7 AGeV

  • 1 x 1011/puls U73+ at 8,3 AGeV (Ne10+ bis 14 AGeV)

  • Bunch compression to 50 ns

  • 2,5 x 1013/puls protons up to 29 GeV

  • up to 1011 antiprotons accumulated, stored and cooled in the HESR up to 15 GeV

  • low (down to zero) energy antiprotons at NESR and HITRAP

  • Research

  • Nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics (full gain factor in intensities for radioactive secondary beams: ~1000-10000)

  • QCD studies with protons and antiprotons

  • Precision studies with antiprotonn beams addressing fundamental symmetries and interactions

Stage 2: 2008 - 2013

HESR


Status of the fair project at gsi darmstadt international trd workshop

Stage 3: 2010 - 2014

  • Accelerator

  • 2 x 109/puls U92+ up to 34 AGeV

  • Stretcher option with long extraction times from seconds up to minutes

  • High energy e-cooling for HESR

  • Research

  • Full energy and luminosity for nuclear collisions program at CBM

  • Precision QCD Studies at PANDA up to 15 GeV

  • Plasma research (full gain factor in power density: ~2500)

  • Atomic reaction studies with fast beams

  • Full parallel operation of up to four experiments


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