Eu customs policy developments supply chain security a case study
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EU Customs Policy Developments Supply chain security a case study. Manuela Cabral European Commission. EC APPROACH ON CUSTOMS POLICY. WHY Community approach ? The Customs union (1968) The Single Market (1993) Free circulation of goods, persons, services and capital

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Eu customs policy developments supply chain security a case study

EU Customs Policy DevelopmentsSupply chain security a case study

Manuela CabralEuropean Commission


Ec approach on customs policy

EC APPROACH ON CUSTOMS POLICY

  • WHY Community approach?

    • The Customs union (1968)

    • The Single Market (1993)

    • Free circulation of goods, persons, services and capital

    • One external frontier supervised by 27 customs administrations


Aim of eu customs policy

Aim of EU customs policy

THE CUSTOMS UNION is a foundation of the EU

  • Nearly 40 years

  • Single Market

  • €uro

    TWIN AIMS OF CUSTOMS POLICY:

  • To protect the EU and citizens

  • To facilitate legitimate trade


Changing environment new challenges for customs in general

Changing environment &New challenges for customs in general

  • Increasing volumes of traffic

  • Increasing globalisation of trade and crime

  • Increasing threat of terrorist acts

  • Increasing interconnectivity andinterdependency of societies/countries


Changing environment new challenges for customs in europe

Changing environment &New challenges for customs in Europe

  • Total length of external land frontier: 12.440 km

  • Enlargement of the European Union in 2004 and 2007 (e.g. length of the EU Eastern Land Frontier increased nearly 80%)

  • About 1.600 million tonnes of seaborne cargo (annually)

  • About 8 million tonnes of airborne cargo(annually)


Changing environment new challenges for customs in europe1

Changing environment &New challenges for customs in Europe

  • 161.000.000custom declarations per year

  • 441.000custom declarations per day

  • 306custom declarations per minute

  • 5 custom declarations per second


Changing role for customs

CHANGING ROLE FOR CUSTOMS

  • Traditional approach: primary concern of customs are fiscal matters and revenue collection

  • New tasks and new challenges

    • due to increasing concerns for safety and security

    • demands of globalisation


Challenge for customs

CHALLENGE FOR CUSTOMS

In the light of the new tasks, customs have to ensure, among other:

  • Protection of citizens and their interests while facilitating legitimate trade

  • Interoperable IT systems as a means to fight fraud and increase security while not hindering trade


Eu customs policy developments

EU CUSTOMS POLICY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Electronic customs

  • Modernized customs code

  • Security amendments to the customs code(case study)


Eu customs policy developments different timepaths

EU CUSTOMS POLICY DEVELOPMENTSDIFFERENT TIMEPATHS

  • E-CUSTOMS

     Communication COM(2005)609

    • Decision in European Parliament and Council

      • process is started

      • Council decision is expected shortly

    • Phase implementation: 2006 - 2013


E customs

E-Customs

Developing secure and interoperable electronic customs systems for exchange of data

  • Facilitation of import and export procedures

  • Reduction of administrative costs

  • Reduction of clearing times

  • Improved conjunction between implementation of legislation and the customs practice

  • Ensure the right levying of duties and taxes

  • Enable a smooth flow of information between the relevant parties and re-use of data


Eu customs policy developments different timepaths1

EU CUSTOMS POLICY DEVELOPMENTSDIFFERENT TIMEPATHS

  • Modernized Customs Code

     Communication COM(2005)609

    • Decision in European Parliament and Council

      • process is started

    • Implementation:?


Modernized customs code

MODERNIZED CUSTOMS CODE

  • Simplification of the structure – reduction of articles

  • Revision of the customs procedures – centralised clearance

  • Improving the system for customs guarantees

  • Expansion of the use of authorizations for the whole EU


Eu customs policy developments different timepaths2

EU CUSTOMS POLICY DEVELOPMENTSDIFFERENT TIMEPATHS

  • SECURITY AMENDMENTS TO THE CUSTOMS CODE

    Regulation (EC) No. 648/2005

    Implementing reg. (EC) No. 1875/2006

    Implementation:

    AEO 1/1/2008

    Pre-arrival /Pre-departure1/7/2009


Eu customs approach on security

EU CUSTOMS APPROACH ON SECURITY

Integration of security aspects in customs controls and authorisations for traders

  • ensure that responsibilities are specified integration of security aspects in import and export controls

  • increased emphasis on export controls

  • ensure that data can be electronically exchanged

  • integration of security aspects in authorisations for operators


Eu customs security initiatives

EU Customs Security Initiatives

Security amendments to the Community Customs Code

  • require traders to provide customs authorities with information on goods prior to import to or export from the European Union

  • provide reliable traders with trade facilitation measures (AEO-concept)

  • introduce a mechanism for setting uniform Community risk-selection criteria for controls, supported by computerised systems


Import control system when is it necessary

Import Control System – When is it necessary?

  • First port of entry - Entry Summary Declarations (ESD) for all goods on board (24h (b/loading)-4h-2h)

    • If vessels sharing arrangements Pre-Arrival Notification (PAN) necessary (24h(b/arrival)-4h-2h)

    • Manifest for goods to be unloaded

  • Subsequent ports:

    • ESD for goods to be unloaded – no time limit + manifest for movement between Community points

  • Between Community ports:

    • Regular shipping line: no ESD only manifest

    • Non regular shipping line: ESD for goods to be unloaded + manifest for movement between Community ports


Import control system draft fss

Import Control System (Draft FSS)


Export control system when is it necessary

Export Control System - When is it necessary?

For all goods leaving the Community

  • Normal situation: export, re-export or transit declaration (24h (b/loading)-4h-2h)

  • Freight remaining on board or transhipped at the place of unload – no declaration (ESD fills the role)

  • Others: exit summary declaration


Export control system draft fss

Export Control System (Draft FSS)


Ec security initiatives

EC Security Initiatives

Result :

A secure end-to-end supply chain with secure trading partners and without weak links !


Thank you for your attention

THANK YOUFOR YOUR ATTENTION

For up-to-date information about the

Customs Developments

visit our website:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/taxation_customs/index_en.htm


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