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German Geopolitics II. Nazi Geopolitics. Rural Landscape & Highway as Signs of National Identity. Karl Haushofer The Man Behind the Curtain. Father of English Geopolitics Mackinder: 1861-1947 Father or Nazi ‘Geopolitik’ Haushofer: 1869-1946 Same age, same dilemmas, different approaches.

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German geopolitics ii

German Geopolitics II.

Nazi Geopolitics

Karl haushofer the man behind the curtain
Karl HaushoferThe Man Behind the Curtain

  • Father of English Geopolitics

  • Mackinder: 1861-1947

  • Father or Nazi ‘Geopolitik’

  • Haushofer: 1869-1946

  • Same age, same dilemmas,

  • different approaches

His life
His Life

  • Studied Political sciences in Sweden at Rudolf Kjellén in 1891

  • Then military-diplomatic career:

  • German Military Attache to Tokyo 1908-1910

  • Close relation with Japanese Emperor’s family

  • Close study of Japanese traditions and problems, future alliance system

  • Annexation of Korea

  • Japanese Leader Tradition

Military career
Military Career

  • WWI

  • General of Artillery

  • He had a soldier named Rudolf Hess

  • Experience of war, experience of other European nations

  • Comparism of War and Peace (Realism)

Scientific career and munich
Scientific Career and Munich

  • Munich in the twenties HQs of the NSDAP established as a Bavarian regional party

  • Haushofer back to the University in Munich Japanese studies dissertation

  • 1921 establishing Geopolitical Institut

  • He had a student called Rudolf Hess

  • ‘Beer Hall Revolt’ 1923

  • Hiding Hess and Hitler sharing his ideas with them, visiting them in the jail

  • 1924 establishing Geopolitical Journal (definitions of a science)

Good relations with nsdap
Good Relations with NSDAP

  • Hess, Hitler, Goebbels, Ribbentrop, Himler

  • Similarities: against neighbours, revenge for WWI, conservative, militarist traditions

  • Haushofer as ex Imperial General introduced Nazi leaders to German and Swiss high society

  • Haushofer: real author of Hitler’s books

  • ‘Mein Kampf’ and ‘Second Book’ with exatly his early ideas

Geopolitik became a pillar of nazi ideology international relations
‘Geopolitik’ Became a Pillar of Nazi Ideology & International Relations:

  • (more details and data from History of Diplomacy)

  • Lebensraum

  • Autarchy

  • Pan Regions

  • Naval and Land (Continental) Powers

  • Borders

The role of mass communication
The Role of (Mass)Communication International Relations:

  • Zeitcshrift für Geopolitics: 750 000 copies per year

  • Literature: Nation without Space

  • Radio: Haushofer had weekly speeches (def. of soap opera)

  • Head of German Publishing Company

  • Science and Communication 2 levels

  • The entire German nation accepted the ideas (propaganda)

His ideas forming international relations
His Ideas Forming International Relations International Relations:

  • ‘Shopping List’ expansion in Eu and Worldwide

  • Organiser of Munich Conference in 1938 (Czechoslovakia), his son draw the new borders of Europe

  • Supporter of Ribentrop-Molotov pact 1939

  • Organiser of Italian-Japanese-German-Hungarian alliance system (similar problems, need for space, WWI experience)

Career and success in various levels
Career and Success in Various Levels International Relations:

  • Science

  • Military

  • Political

  • Political Adviser in International relations

  • Communication

  • Thomas Mann: General Dr. von Staat

  • 1946 Nürnberg trial