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Physiology for Nutrition, Health and Fitness. Does what we Eat, Think, Do really matter?. Important Factors in Health. 1) Diet (Nutrition). 2) Mentality and Emotions. 3) Physical Activity. 4) Toxins (Environment). 5) Spirituality. Materials for the Body. Carbohydrates Lipids

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Physiology for nutrition health and fitness

Physiology for Nutrition, Health and Fitness

Does what we

Eat,

Think,

Do

really matter?


Important Factors in Health

1) Diet (Nutrition)

2) Mentality and Emotions

3) Physical Activity

4) Toxins (Environment)

5) Spirituality


Materials for the body
Materials for the Body

  • Carbohydrates

  • Lipids

  • Proteins

  • Minerals

  • Vitamins

  • Enzymes


Whole foods
Whole Foods

  • Unrefined, entire original “item”.

  • All original nutrients remain intact.

  • Unprocessed, not chemically treated.

e.g.: - whole brown rice (),quinoa

- organic vegetables and fruit

- raw nuts and seeds


Refined Foods

  • Heavily processed from original form.

  • Most (if not all) original nutrients removed.

  • Often chemically treated (in processing and for shelf-life).

e.g.: - white sugar ()

- white flour

- heavily preserved (packaged) items


What is a Carbohydrate?

Glucose* = monosaccharide, a simple sugar

Lactose* = disaccharide (glucose and galactose)

Maltose* = disaccharide (glucose and glucose)

Sucrose** = disaccharide (glucose and fructose)

Cellulose = polysaccharide (cannot digest)

Starch = polysaccharide (many glucose molecules)

Complex

Simple

Whole

Refined

- fruits

- whole grains

- vegetables

- candy

- white bread

- potato chips


What is sugar
What is Sugar?

Glucose - most important sugar in Human Body!

Sucrose - highly refined, ‘table sugar’ – Avoid!

High Fructose Corn Syrup – Evil!!!

“But it tastes so good”

Why?


Insulin

Levels

Rollercoaster ride = Diabetes Mellitus Type II


Advanced Glycation End-products (AGE’s)

Glycoproteins - normal.

If blood glucose chronically elevated, it binds

to proteins non-enzymatically = AGE’s

This is when things start to go wrong!

Impaired circulation

BKA’s

Blindness


Diet and the Immune System

The Effects of Carbohydrates

on the Phagocytic Index

* Rat tooth

enamel study

Sugar suppresses

Immune System!


Many pathways in the body elevate blood glucose but only one lowers it.

Insulin

Why only one way to lower blood glucose???


Why? one lowers it.

Far more Sugar in our Diet now!

e.g., in 1999 the average American consumed 150lbs of sugar/year.

Cultural? Social? Conditioning?

Television, Movies, Advertisements


Taste Test one lowers it.

(Montague, 2005)

A

B

50% - 50% split!

Coke

85% chose coke!

Pepsi

50% - 50% split!


Researcher s comment
Researcher’s Comment one lowers it.

“There are visual images and marketing messages that have insinuated themselves into the nervous system of humans who consume the drink. It is possible that cultural messages perturb taste sensation.”


one lowers it.

All Fats are Not Equal!

Omega-3- and 6-Fatty Acids

Cholesterol (LDL’s and HDL’s)

Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils

Trans Fats and Acrylamide

*Dr. Ancel Keys (1958)

Ischemic Heart Disease


one lowers it.

Unsaturated Oils vs. Saturated Fats

Polyunsaturated Fats – e.g., canola, soybean, safflower, corn - easily become rancid when exposed to oxygen and produce free radicals in the body.

*Olive oil – Still good; best if not heated!

Virgin Coconut Oil - a saturated fat with medium chain Fatty Acids (MCFA) -

extremely heat stable and very

beneficial for human physiology.

Saint-Onge and Jones (2003)



Comparison of molecules 120kcal each
Comparison of Molecules cardiovascular disease - Right?(120Kcal each)

Sucrose

Ethanol

Glucose

1 glass of orange juice.

2 slices of bread.

1 shot of bourbon.

*Dr. Robert Lustig’s “Sugar: The Bitter Truth”


Sucrose cardiovascular disease - Right?

Ethanol

Glucose

1 glass of orange juice

2 slices of bread

1 shot of bourbon

60 kcal glucose +

60 kcal fructose

Starch => glucose

CNS Depressant

~24 kcal used by all

cells in body

~48 kcal used by all

cells in body

~96 kcal used by all

cells in body

~96 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism

~24 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism

~72 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism

Glucose-6-℗

Glucose-6-℗

↑ Aldehydes

↑ Acetate,

↑ Citrate

↑ VLDL

↑ Aldehydes

↑ Uric acid

↑ VLDL + ↓NO = ↑BP

Makes Glycogen

~0.5 kcal used for

de novo Lipogenesis

↑ de novo Lipogenesis

↑ de novo Lipogenesis

↑ Insulin

Dislipidemia

Inhibits Ghrelin

No effect on Ghrelin

↑ Insulin resistance


When blood Glucose is high cardiovascular disease - Right?

Insulin is released to make

blood Glucose lower (normal)

Cells in your body

up-take the glucose


When blood Glucose is low cardiovascular disease - Right?

Glucagon is released to make

blood Glucose higher (normal)

Liver is key site:

Hepatocytes liberate Glucose stores (glycogen) and use fats & proteins to make more glucose

*

*Glycogenolysis


Glycemic Index and Diabetes Mellitus cardiovascular disease - Right?

Diabetic

Normal


How much Protein? cardiovascular disease - Right?

Metabolic Typing

1. High Protein.

2. High Carbohydrate.

3. Mixed.


High in Protein cardiovascular disease - Right?

  • Meat

  • Soy

  • Eggs

  • Quinoa

growth hormone injected, antibiotic loaded,

corn fed, poorly treated, sick animals.

trypsin inhibitors, goitrogens, phytic acid,

phytoestrogens, haemagglutinin, GM.

Find organic eggs! Nutrient rich!

Complete protein, higher protein

content than soy.



Acetyl CoA Fats - the right fats!

Hydroxymethyl Glutaric Acid (HMG-CoA)

Statin = HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors

Mevolaonate

Mevolaonate Pyrophosphate

Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate

Geranyl Pyrophosphate

Famesyl Pyrophosphate

Squalene

Ubiquinone

(CoQ10)

Dolichol

Cholesterol


Cholesterol Fats - the right fats!

Vitamin D

Cortisone

Glucocorticoids

Mineralcorticoids

Steroid Hormones

(testosterone, estrogen,

progesterone)

Bile Salts

… = Cholesterol Good!



Why organic
Why Organic? Fats - the right fats!

  • No growth stimulants, no antibiotics,

    no artificial fertilizers.

  • No pesticides, irradiation, preservatives, additives, artificial colors or flavors.

    3. No Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

    4. Primarily Locally Grown, Seasonal food.

    5. Higher nutrient and mineral values ( taste).


DMT Fats - the right fats!

β- Endorphins


Some Facts: Fats - the right fats!

65% of Americans are overweight.

27% are clinically obese.

60% of Americans do not exercise.

(17% of kids ages 6 to 19)

3 Worst Foods?

1.

2.

3.


#3 Fats - the right fats!

Acrylamide

↑ starch

↑ glycemic index!

↑ Trans Fats

GM Potatoes

Zero Nutrients

* Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)


#2 Fats - the right fats!

Regular

Diet

Average American consumes 54 gallons/year


#1 Fats - the right fats!

Acrylamide

Sugar

↑ ↑ glycemic index!

GM Bleach

White Flour

30-40%

Trans Fat

200-300

Calories


Suggestions
Suggestions Fats - the right fats!:

Avoid certain “foods”!

- No, not even in moderation! -

Better Alternatives?:


What about artificial additives and flavors? Fats - the right fats!

Question why they are added.

Examine what their effects might be.


Excitotoxins
Excitotoxins Fats - the right fats!

  • MonoSodiumGlutamate (MSG) ‘flavoring’.

  • Aspartame artificial ‘sweeter’ (Sucralose)

(“Excitotoxins: The Taste that Kills” by Dr. Russell Blaylock, 1995)

Substances when ingested in high quantities

interfere with nervous transmission.

e.g., interfere with the excitatory neurotransmitters

Glutamate and Aspartate.


Why is MSG bad for you?!? Fats - the right fats!

Interferes with actions of the Hypothalamus in your brain.

Satiety Center Inhibited by MSG


“Truth in Labeling” organization lists the Hidden names for MSG

Foods always contain MSG

when these words are on the label:


Foods made with the following for MSGproducts often contain MSG.



Lets Examine Sodas for MSG

Contains lots of sugar

Contains no sugar

?


Aspartame an intense source of excitotoxins
Aspartame - An Intense Source of Excitotoxins for MSG

  • Made from phenylalanine and aspartate.

  • Accounts for ~ 70% of all complaints to FDA.

  • Breaks down at room temp into toxic and dangerous ingredients:

  • 1. DKP (di-ketopiperazine). When ingested, converts to a near duplicate of a powerful brain tumor causing agent.

  • 2. Formaldehyde - embalming fluid.

  • 3. Methanol - extremely dangerous alcohol, causes blindness.





Sugar Feb 14

Aspartame


Environmental toxins
Environmental Toxins Feb 14

  • Not just in what you eat!

  • Cosmetics, Personal Hygiene, Perfumes.

  • House Cleaning Agents and Solvents.


Harmful ingredients in cosmetics
Harmful Ingredients in Cosmetics! Feb 14

  • Parabens – widely used in skin-care products.

Mimic estrogen, encourages growth of human breast tumors.

  • Phenol Carbolic Acid - found in many lotions and skin creams.

Can cause circulatory collapse, paralysis, convulsions, respiratory failure.

  • Methylisothiazoline (MIT) – extensively used in shampoos.

Causes neurological damage (National Institute of Health).


More Feb 14

  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate - the 'foam-up' of soaps, shampoos, detergents, toothpastes.

Breaks skin’s moisture barrier, can become a “nitrosamine”.

  • Toluene - in most synthetic fragrances.

Linked to anemia, ↓ blood cell count, liver/kidney damage.

  • Propylene Glycol - main ingredient in anti-freeze and used in hydraulic fluids.

Dermatitis; kidney/ liver abnormalities


The information is out there
The Information is Out There Feb 14

  • Question Everything – Don’t blindly accept.

  • Empower yourself by knowing things.

    Allows us to make well-informed decisions

“Our lives begin to end the moment we become silent about the things that matter”

Martin Luther King Jr.


Our Bodies are amazing, Feb 14

Let’s look after them!

The Vetruvian Man expressed the Canon of Proportions.


Education
Education Feb 14

  • The knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process.

Edification

  • Intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement; enlightenment.


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