Euroscepticism & r ight- w ing p opulism in Western and Eastern Europe - Poland and The Netherlands. A comparative approach. Aleksandra Moroska Willy Brandt Center for German and European Studies, Wroclaw University, Poland Conference organized by
Euroscepticism & right-wing populism in Western and Eastern Europe - Poland and The Netherlands. A comparative approach
Willy Brandt Center for German and European Studies, Wroclaw University, Poland
Conference organized by
Political Science Research Centre, Zagreb, Croatia
1. What form of right-wing populism does each party represent?
2. How do these parties address the European issue in their politicalprograms?
3. How do they use their Eurosceptical position in their strategy?
4. To what extent does the electoral success of these parties depend on their Eurosceptic positions?
1. Theoretical background
2. Determinants of the rise of right -wing populist parties & rise of
Euroscepticism: external and internal
3. Characteristics of right –wing populist parties: common features and
5. Euroscepticism as a mobilizing issue for LPF & LPR
1989 - change of the international situation of the country
EU integration – political target of highest importance – „Return to Europe”
Adaptation to EU standards – connected with grate costs for the country
Political: convergence of political elites – „The Purple Coalition”
Lack of democratization of the political system
Economic: quality reduction in the public sector
Cultural: Dutch culture & tradition threatened by multicultural society
Transformation of the country
Democratization of the political system
Shift to market economy
Political: lack of political stabilization, lack of representation by the governing parties
Economic: growth of poverty and unemployment: disparity between winners & losers
Cultural: individualization of society in the Western manner – a threat to traditional, catilic values
Strength: LPF & LPR – the hard form of Euroscepticism
Quality of Euroscepticism:
Enlargment and Constitutional Treaty provided a opportunity for a intensification and radicalisation of anti-EU rethoric.
Position on European integration from the inside - Whether and how to pursue integration on several fronts
With a change in the internal and external circumstances LPR has changed its strategy over time to a soft Eurosceptic position.
Position on European integration from the outside - Integration issue – a bundle „take it or leave it”
European Membership of Poland had forced LPR to take this inside position – Europeanisation of LPR