Modern architecture
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Modern Architecture. Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp. Topics. Second Modernism Early Traditionalism Traditionalist Modern Counter-Modernism. Second Modernism. Many considered the Modernism movement dead; incapable of future growth Encompasses different stages Traditionalism

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Modern architecture

Modern Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp


Topics

Topics

  • Second Modernism

  • Early Traditionalism

  • Traditionalist Modern

  • Counter-Modernism


Second modernism

Second Modernism

  • Many considered the Modernism movement dead; incapable of future growth

  • Encompasses different stages

    • Traditionalism

    • Art Deco

    • Post Modernism


Early traditionalism

Early Traditionalism

  • Second Modernism is rooted in a massive resistance to Modernism

    • Traditionalism

      • Accomodated new building types with old-fashioned covers

      • Solid, self-assured, lavish, and dignified works


Early traditionalism1

Early Traditionalism

  • Skyscrapers in New York City are an earmark of twentieth-century Traditionalism

    • Key structure

      • Woolworth Building, NY


Early traditionalism2

Early Traditionalism

  • Woolworth Building

    • Designed by Cass Gilbert

    • Located in New York City

    • Features a Gothic theme with that of Modernism


Early traditionalism3

Early Traditionalism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Early traditionalism4

Early Traditionalism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern

Traditionalist Modern

  • A grouping of Traditionalism with Modernism

  • Gave rise to the Art Deco period of the Second Modernism

    • Key structures were also skyscrapers in New York City


Traditionalist modern1

Traditionalist Modern

  • Chrysler Building

    • Designed by William Van Alen

    • Built for Walter Chrysler, an automobile tycoon, who wanted the tallest building in the world

    • 77 stories


Traditionalist modern2

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern3

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern4

Traditionalist Modern

  • Empire State Building

    • Bigger than the Chrysler Building

    • 102 stories

    • Sculpturally more assertive than the Chrysler Building


Traditionalist modern5

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern6

Traditionalist Modern

  • Rockefeller Center

    • Most ambitious of the New York skyscraper projects

    • One of the most complex and socially responsive of all twentieth-century urbanistic designs

    • Includes low, medium, and high buildings

    • Key Structures

      • Radio City Music Hall

      • RCA Building


Traditionalist modern7

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern8

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Traditionalist modern9

Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism

Counter-Modernism

  • A counter-culture to the Modernistic movement

  • Featured two important architects

    • Alvar Aalto

    • Louis Kahn


Counter modernism1

Counter-Modernism

  • Alvar Aalto

    • Finnish architect whose buildings were easy to look at but hard to understand

    • Key Structures

      • Villa Mairea

      • Civic Center in Saynatsalo, Finland


Counter modernism2

Counter-Modernism

  • Villa Mairea

    • Aalto’s finest residential building

    • Loose, informal sprawl

    • No sign of the compelling form that was Modernism

      • Unlike Fallingwater House and Villa Savoye


Counter modernism3

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism4

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism5

Counter-Modernism

  • Civic Center

    • Saynatsalo, Finland

    • Considered one Aalto’s finest urban achievements

    • Features government offices, a library, apartments, and shops


Counter modernism6

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism7

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism8

Counter-Modernism

  • Louis Kahn

    • A Counter-Modernism architect

    • Philosophically explored the essence of the buildings use

      • Would serve as a springboard for his creation of an answering architectural form

    • Major structures

      • National Assembly Building, Bangladesh

      • Kimbell Art Museum, Ft. Worth, TX


Counter modernism9

Counter-Modernism

  • National Assembly Building

    • Designed as a dense, seemingly impenetrable, concentration of walled spaces clustered around a central assembly hall

    • Features

      • Press offices

      • Meeting halls

      • Mosque


Counter modernism10

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism11

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism12

Counter-Modernism

  • Kimbell Art Museum

    • Located in Fort Worth, TX

    • Much admired work of Kahn’s later career

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism13

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


Counter modernism14

Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html


References

References

  • Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/

  • http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

  • Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity

  • Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture


Modern architecture1

Modern Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp


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