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Government. Chapter 1. The State. State Country Nation Nation-State American “Hyphen”. 4 Features of a State. Population Consensus Territory Sovereignty Government Unitary vs Federal. Inequality Among States. Developed Nations 1 st world? Developing Nations

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Government

Government

Chapter 1


The state
The State

  • State

  • Country

  • Nation

    • Nation-State

    • American “Hyphen”


4 features of a state
4 Features of a State

  • Population

    • Consensus

  • Territory

  • Sovereignty

  • Government

    • Unitary vs Federal


Inequality among states
Inequality Among States

  • Developed Nations

    • 1st world?

  • Developing Nations

    • 2nd world/3rd world?

  • Interdependence


Non state groups
Non-State Groups

  • Political Movements

    • PLO, Al-Qaeda

  • Multinational Corporations

    • GE, Apple, Disney, McDonalds

  • International Organizations

    • The UN, Universal Postal Union, IMF


Purposes of government
Purposes of Government

  • Maintain Social Order

  • Provide National Defense

  • Provide Public Services

  • Make/Control Economic Conditions


Politics
Politics

  • “Who Gets What, When and How”

  • Government Benefits


Constitutions
Constitutions

  • Purposes:

    • Rules of Governance

      • Highest Law

    • Structure of Government

      • Framework

    • Ideology of Government

      • Statement of Goals

  • Constitutional Power

    • Limited Government

  • Unwritten?


Three forms of government
Three Forms of Government

  • Autocracy

  • Oligarchy

  • Democracy

  • Form: Who governs?

  • System: How do they govern?


Autocracy
Autocracy

  • Monarchy

    • Absolute Monarchy

      • DRK

    • Constitutional Monarchy

  • Dictatorship

    • Totalitarianvs Benign

    • Military vs Political


Oligarchy
Oligarchy

  • Aristocracy

  • Theocracy

  • Stratocracy/Junta

  • Plutocracy

  • Technocracy

  • Communism


Democracy
Democracy

  • Direct Democracy

  • Representative Democracy

  • Republic Vs. Democracy


Characteristics of democracy
Characteristics of Democracy

  • Individual Liberty

  • Majority Rule, Minority Rights

  • Free/Fair Elections

  • Competing Political Parties


Soil of democracy
Soil of Democracy

  • Favorable Economy

    • Free Enterprise/Capitalism

  • Widespread Education

  • Social Consensus


Modern political philosophy
Modern Political Philosophy

  • Freedom

  • Order

  • Equality

Order Tree Equality Tree Freedom Tree

  • Classical Liberalism

  • Freedom

  • Order

  • Equality

  • Welfare Liberalism

  • Freedom

  • Equality

  • Order

  • Benign Fascism

  • Order

  • Freedom

  • Equality

  • Totalitarian Fascism

  • Order

  • Equality

  • Freedom

  • Socialism

  • Equality

  • Freedom

  • Order

  • Communism

  • Equality

  • Order

  • Freedom


Role of economic systems
Role of Economic Systems

  • What and how much should be produced?

  • How goods and services should be produced?

  • Who gets the goods and services produced?


Economic systems
Economic Systems

  • Capitalism

  • Socialism

  • Communism


Capitalism
Capitalism

  • Private Ownership and Control of Property

  • Free Enterprise

  • Competition Among Businesses

  • Freedom of Choice

  • Possibility of Profits


Origins of capitalism
Origins of Capitalism

  • European “Free Markets”

    • Cooperation for Economic Gain

    • “Aggressive” use of wealth

  • Investments

  • Adam Smith

    • The Wealth of Nations

    • Laissez-Faire

    • Consumers and Producers

    • The Invisible Hand


Free enterprise in america
Free Enterprise in America

  • Not Pure Capitalism

    • The Great Depression

  • Preserve the Free Market

  • 1/5th of all products are bought by the US Government

  • Mixed-Market


Socialism
Socialism

  • Goals-

    • Distribution of Wealth and Opportunity throughout the system

    • Society’s Control (through the government) of all major decisions about production

    • Public ownership of most land, factories and other means of production

  • Democratic Socialism


Communism
Communism

  • Karl Marx

    • “Scientific Socialism”

    • Das Capital

      • Bourgeoisie (The Capitalists)

      • Proletariat (The Workers)

    • The Communist Manifesto

      • Violent overthrow of the existing order

  • Command Economy

  • Timeline

    • Industrialized Nation, Limited Wealth Pool

    • Dictatorship of the Proletariat

    • Personal Evolution

    • Single Social Class, Government Eliminated


Communism in practice
Communism in Practice

  • Marx’s “First Nation”?

  • The Russian Revolution

    • The USSR

    • The DotP never ended

      • The KGB

  • Human Nature Never Changed

  • China

    • Party Congress

    • Industrialization Fails

    • Richard Nixon

    • Tiananmen Square


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