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CHAPTER 27. ISLAMIC EMPIRES. ISLAM. 16 th & 17 th century Prosperous N. Africa to E. India S. Europe C. Asia. ISLAMIC EMPIRES. Small states War/conquest ++. OTTOMANS . Followers= ghazi R eligious warriors Servant, sword. Military Horsemen Janissaries Conscripted youth.

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Chapter 27

CHAPTER 27

ISLAMIC EMPIRES


Islam
ISLAM

  • 16th & 17th century

    • Prosperous

    • N. Africa to E. India

    • S. Europe

  • C. Asia


Islamic empires
ISLAMIC EMPIRES

  • Small states

  • War/conquest ++


Ottomans
OTTOMANS

  • Followers=ghazi

    • Religious warriors

    • Servant, sword


  • Military

    • Horsemen

    • Janissaries

      • Conscripted youth


Ottomans1
OTTOMANS

  • Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566)

    • Expanded

    • Major power


Ottomans2
OTTOMANS

  • Sultans (rulers)

    • Absolute

  • Bureaucracy

    • Vizier


Decline
Decline

  • Late 1600s


Tobacco and coffee
TOBACCO AND COFFEE

  • Drinking coffee, pipe smoking

  • Social



Safavids
SAFAVIDS

  • Shi’a, sect of Islam

  • Shah Abbas the Great

    • Trade

      Bazaar

    • Projects

    • Cultural



Mughals
MUGHALS

  • 1523, Babur

    • N. India

    • Adventurer


Mughals1
MUGHALS

  • Akbar

    • Toleration

    • “divine faith”

      • Focus less on Islam

      • Commonalities


Women
Women

  • Assisted men

  • Some: politics


Growth
GROWTH

  • Mughal empire

    • 1500: 105 million

    • 1800: 190 million


Reform
Reform

  • Women

    • Improved

    • Remarry

    • Child marriages

    • Sati

    • Seclusion not practical

    • Reforms don’t last


Decline1
DECLINE

  • Religious tension

    • Conservatives

  • Economic problems

    • Army

  • Military


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