Legacy of the roman empire
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Legacy of the Roman Empire. Chapter 1. Essential Question. How is power lost and gained?. Intro. 27 B.C.E to 476 C.E. 50 million people Connected by law, customs, military and culture. Extent of Roman Empire. “All Roads Lead to Rome.”. What does this mean?

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Legacy of the Roman Empire

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Legacy of the Roman Empire

Chapter 1


Essential Question

  • How is power lost and gained?


Intro

  • 27 B.C.E to 476 C.E.

  • 50 million people

  • Connected by law, customs, military and culture


Extent of Roman Empire


“All Roads Lead to Rome.”

  • What does this mean?

  • “Rome has perished but still lives on”


Roman Art

  • Influenced by the Greeks

    • “Greco-Roman”

  • Lifelike busts and statues

  • Murals, Mosaics, Frescoes

  • Blown glass

  • Cameo

  • Influenced many Renaissance artists


Murals


Mosaics – picture made of small pieces of tile, glass, or stone


Frescoes – paining on moist plaster of wall or ceiling


Cameo – carved decoration showing portrait or scene


Roman Architecture and Engineering

  • Vault – arched structure used to hold up a roof

  • Dome – a roof shaped like a half-circle

  • Stadiums

  • Cathedrals

  • Arch

  • Roads

  • Aqueducts – a pipe or channel built to carry water between places


Vaults and Domes


Pantheon


Stadiums - Colosseum


Aqueducts


Roman Language and Writing

  • Latin…led to Italian, Spanish and French

  • English has borrowed from Latin

  • Proverbs – a popular saying that is meant to express something wise or true

    • “E pluribus unum” (Out of many, one)

  • Roman Numerals


Months…

  • August – named for Caesar Augustus

  • September – “the seventh month”

    • Roman year started in March

  • October – “the eighth month”


English words influenced by Latin

  • Anima – animal

  • Manus – manual

  • Verbum – verbal

  • Militare - military

  • Civis - civic

  • Pre (before)

  • Post (after)

  • Semi (half)

  • Sub (under)


Roman Numerals


Philosophy – study of wisdom, knowledge and the nature of reality

  • Stoicism

    • Divine intelligence ruled all of nature

    • Good character

    • Bearing pain and suffering quietly

    • “stoic”

    • Marcus Aurelies


Law and Citizenship

  • Roman law and justice influenced France Italy and America

  • Law influenced by nature

    • Everyone had rights

    • Declaration of Independence taken from this

  • Citizenship

    • Citizenship to all free people of the Empire

    • Must obey laws and swear allegiance in return for same rights


Assignment

  • Create a group collage from modern day examples of Roman influences on society.


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