Egoism vs altruism
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 7

Egoism vs. Altruism PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 312 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Egoism vs. Altruism. The study of Morality requires that one addresses the dilemma of Psychological Egoism & Altruism as well as focus on Ethical Egoism & Altruism. What are Egoism & Altruism?. Altruism: Acting for the sake of others.

Download Presentation

Egoism vs. Altruism

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Egoism vs altruism

Egoism vs. Altruism

The study of Morality requires that one addresses the dilemma of Psychological Egoism & Altruism as well as focus on EthicalEgoism & Altruism.


What are egoism altruism

What are Egoism & Altruism?

  • Altruism: Acting for the sake of others.

    • One may be altruistic to recognize obligations to other people.

    • One may be altruistic by making one’s interests as important as one’s own.

  • Egoism: Acting out of self-interest.

    • People act respectfully or kindly for their own advantage


What is the psychological perspective

What is the Psychological Perspective?

The Psychological perspective refers whether we are can only act primarily for our own self-interest or whether it is possible to act for the sake of others.

Based more on the question of what is in our natures

Do we naturally act for ourselves or for others?

Is it possible to act for others’ interests?


Ethical perspective

Ethical Perspective

Ethical Egoism: One ought to act selfishly

  • Ayn Rand’s “Virtue of Selfishness”

    Ethical Altruism: One ought to act for others’ sake

  • Joseph Butler’s “Critique of Ethical Egoism”


Ayn rand

Ayn Rand

  • Virtue of Selfishness: “Altruism permits no concept of a self-respecting, self-supporting man…altruism permits no view of men except as sacrificial animals.”

    • If an act is not in one’s interests, it denies self-respect

    • One must act for one’s self-interest


Story of lincoln the sow

Story of Lincoln & the Sow

  • Lincoln argues he saves the piglets after hearing the mother squealing.

    • Was his act one of egoism or altruism?

      • Lincoln claims he was acting to avoid feeling guilty

  • Goes back to the question of Psychological Egoism (is it possible to not act in self-interest)


Should we be egoists or altruists

Should we be Egoists or Altruists?

Psychology

  • Is it possible to act selflessly? If so, provide an example.

  • If it is not possible, respond to the 3 arguments of Joseph Butler in the textbook (pg. 254-255).

    Ethics

  • Can we create a principle (a moral obligation) to be Altruistic?

    • i.e.: One ought to act for others’ interest rather than self-interest because…

  • Can we create a principle (a moral obligation) to be Egocentric?

    • i.e.: One ought to act for self-interest rather than the interests of others because...


  • Login