Lecture 3: Narrative Structure of
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Lecture 3: Narrative Structure of To Kill a Mockingbird: Plot Structure and Perspective. Recap: What is plot structure ? Many plots are designed with a traditional narrative structure that looks like this graphically. Climax. Falling Action. Rising Action. Orientation. Resolution.

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Lecture 3: Narrative Structure of To Kill a Mockingbird: Plot Structure and Perspective

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Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Lecture 3: Narrative Structure of

To Kill a Mockingbird:

Plot Structure and Perspective


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Recap: What is plot structure?

Many plots are designed with a traditional

narrative structure that looks like this graphically.

Climax

Falling Action

Rising Action

Orientation

Resolution


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Video Practice: Identifying

elements of plot structure

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2fHa6FBO1OY


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Student-Sharing: Plot structure

of To Kill a Mockingbird

Step 1: Volunteer to share OR listen carefully

Step 2: Think.

Step 3: Discuss with partner.

Step 4: Critique.


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Questions to think about

Think (3 mins). Pair (3 mins). Then share.

1. Does TKAM fit nicely into the traditional

plot structure we’ve been discussing about?

Where can you locate the orientation(s)

in the novel?

2. What are the major conflicts in the novel?

3. The novel can be broadly categorised into 2

parts. What might these 2 parts be? Does this

mean the novel has 2 separate plots?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

  • Does TKAM have a traditional

  • plot structure?

  • No – Numerous sub-plots. Characters tend to

  • be introduced at start of chapter / main event.

  • Questions 2 – 4 will shed more light on why

  • TKAM has an unconventional plot structure.


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

  • 2. Major conflicts in the novel

  • Conflicts are not events.

  • A conflict in a narrative is the problem that

  • gives rise to the climax and may get resolved at

  • the end of the novel.

  • Examples of Conflicts include:

  • Character vs Character

  • Character vs Society


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

2. Major conflicts in the novel

Boo Radley vs Society

As a mysterious character in the story that nobody

seems to understand, Boo Radley is ostracised

from society due to the fear of the unknown, and

often misunderstood due to his reclusion.

Tom Robinson vs White Society

Likewise, Tom Robinson is wrongly accused of

his alleged crime due to the Blacks being

ostracised.

Other conflicts?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

3. Two parts to the novel

May be categorised according to the 2 central

conflicts in the novel.

2 climaxes – trial verdict and assault

The 2 conflicts are somehow woven together

through the reappearance of Boo Radley.


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Resolution

Revisit how the novel opens off, and how it

ends. Does the plot come full circle?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Perspective

Whose perspective is the story told from?

Why do you think it is told from his/her perspective?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Perspective

Is it told entirely from the perspective of a young

Scout?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Examples from the film

Pay particular attention to whose perspectives

and viewpoints are represented in these

examples, as well as the shifts in perspective.

Example 1: [00:00 – 05:13]

Example 2: [39:00 – 41:05]


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Interspersing of child and adult

voices in TKAM

Young Scout vs Older Scout

The story is mostly told from the perspective

of a young Scout (between 5 and 9 years

old), but novel starts off much later

in her life

Scout vs Others

As you read the novel, do you see things only

from Scout’s perspective, or do the viewpoints

change?


Lecture 3 narrative structure of to kill a mockingbird plot structure and perspective

Interspersing of child and adult

voices in TKAM

TKAM is a coming-of-age kind of novel, also

known as a bildungsroman.

In a bildungsroman, the protagonist undergoes

psychological, moral and social shaping.

Can you now reconcile the use of flashbacks, a

naive narrator, and the delierate interspersing of

child and adult voices in TKAM?


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