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Introduction to the History of the EU and its political system. Dr. Philippe Perchoc [email protected] Objectives of the course. Introduction to the History of the EU Better understand how it works. Methods. Introduction to 4 different topics Discussion at the end of each session.

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Introduction to the history of the eu and its political system

Introduction to the History of the EU and itspolitical system

Dr. Philippe Perchoc

[email protected]


Objectives of the course
Objectives of the course

  • Introduction to the History of the EU

  • Better understand how it works


Methods
Methods

  • Introduction to 4 different topics

  • Discussion at the end of each session


4 different topics
4 different topics

  • The Second World War and the first attempts to unite Europe

  • The 3 main tensions in the EU system

  • The Policies of the EU

  • The Politics of the EU







Europe = 10 millions km2

China = 9.4 millions km2

Africa ?


Europe = 10 millions km2

China = 9.4 millions km2

Africa = 30 millions km2


Europe = 10 millions km2

China = 9.4 millions km2

Africa = 30 millions km2

North America = 30 millions km2




54 +

South Soudan

Libya (1 or 2 states?)




What is Europe ?

An idea

A continent

A handful of institutions



Europe and its states

The oldest ?

The newest?


Europe and its regions

Plenty of regions = plenty of problems



A good Eurocratknows everything

about EU institutions


A true European knows at least

something about:


BERLINWALL

PEOPLE

Stefan Szweig

war

Instutitions

M ONNET

Peace

Erasmus

History

Kant

LA LETTONIE

Religions

ART

Napoleon

kalergi

COUDENHOVE




Richard coudenhove kalergi and the paneuropa movement

Richard CoudenhoveKalergi and the Paneuropa Movement


Richard von coudenhove kalergi
Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi


Pan europa flag
Pan-Europa Flag







Council of europe
Council of Europe

47 countries

Mainly Human Rights

European Court of Human Rights

Strasbourg



The schuman declaration 9 th may 1950
The Schuman Declaration – 9th May 1950







Court of Justice

The High Authority

Council of Ministers

The European Parliament


Composition

  • 2 Germany

  • 2 France

  • 2 Italy

  • 1 Belgium

  • 1 Nederland

  • 1 Luxembourg

Powers

The High Authority

  • propose legislation

  • execute the decisions

Seat

  • Luxembourg


Composition

  • One Minister per Member State

Powers

Council of Ministers

  • control the HA on issues related to Coal and Steel

  • consent legislation in other fields


Composition

  • 78 members coming from national Parliaments

Powers

  • 2/3 can vote defiance over the HA

  • oral and written questions

The European Parliament

Seat

  • Strasbourg



Composition

  • 2 Germany

  • 2 France

  • 2 Italy

  • 1 Belgium

  • 1 Nederland

  • 1 Luxembourg

Powers

The European Commission

  • propose legislation

  • control the competition policy

Seat

  • Brussels


Composition

  • One Minister per Member State

  • Different composition depending of the subject

Powers

Council of Ministers

  • Decide by unanimity or QMV on propositions sent by the EC

  • Executive powers


Composition

  • 78 members coming from national Parliament – directly elected after 1979

Powers

  • 51% can vote defiance over the EC

  • oral and written questions

  • examination of the ECC Budget

The European Parliament

Seat

  • Strasbourg




Court of Justice

European Council

European Commission

Council of Ministers

The European Parliament




Court of Justice

European Council

European Commission

Council of Ministers

The European Parliament




How does it work since the maastricht treaty 1992

How does it work? (since the Maastricht Treaty 1992)



Court of Justice

European Council

European Commission

Council of Ministers

The European Parliament


European Council


European Commission

Council of Ministers

The European Parliament


Court of Justice

European Commission

Council of Ministers

apply





The eu budget1
The EU Budget

  • Own resources (tariffs)

  • VAT (value added tax) resources

  • contribution by Member States based on their GNI/EU GNI

147 billions

(2012)






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