THE EUROPEAN UNION. How did Europe transition from a period of conflict to a period of sustained peace?. The Treaties – Basis for democratic cooperation built on law. 1958 The treaties of Rome: The European Economic Community (EEC) The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM).
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How did Europe transition from a period of conflict to a period of sustained peace?
1958The treaties of Rome:
The European Economic Community
The European Atomic Energy Community
1952The European Coal and Steel Community(ECSC)
Treaty of Lisbon
1987The Single European Act
2003Treaty of Nice
1993Treaty on European Union – Maastricht
1999Treaty of Amsterdam
New ideas for lasting peace and prosperity…
Alcide De Gasperi
European Coal and Steel Community
Jean Monnet and other leaders
with the first “European” ingot
Signing of the Treaty of Rome, 1957
Fall of the
Poland’s Solidarity Party gains legal status
Member States 6 28
Population 174 million 508 million
Languages 4 24Over 50 Years of EU Integration
“Enlargement has been a success story for the European Union and Europe as a whole. It has helped to overcome the division of Europe and contributed to peace and stability throughout the continent.”
European Council Declaration Dec. 15, 2006
Enlargement – Healing the division of Europe
Fall of Berlin Wall – end of Communism
EU economic help begins: Phare programme
Criteria set for a country to join the EU:
• democracy and rule of law
• functioning market economy
• ability to implement EU laws
Formal negotiations on enlargement begin
Copenhagen summit agrees enlargement
10 new EU members: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia
Bulgaria and Romania join the EU
Croatia joins the EU
taking Europe into the 21st century
The Treaty will make the European Union:
More efficient Simpler processes, full-time president for the Council.
More democratic Stronger role for the European Parliament and national parliaments, "Citizens Initiative", Charter of Fundamental Rights.
More transparent Clarifies who does what, greater public access to documents and meetings.
More united on High Representative for Foreign Policy.
the world stage
More secure New possibilities to fight climate change and terrorism, secure energy supplies.
United in diversity