India lesson 3
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India Lesson 3. Indian Independence. Explain the origin & impact of British rule in India. Describe the path to independence. Objectives. Warm Up. What role does reincarnation play in the Hindu religion and Indian way of life?.

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Indian Independence

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India lesson 3

India Lesson 3

Indian Independence


Objectives

Explain the origin & impact of British rule in India.

Describe the path to independence.

Objectives


Warm up

Warm Up

  • What role does reincarnation play in the Hindu religion and Indian way of life?

  • Soul is reborn (several times) in effort to be released (moksha) to join universal soul (Brahman). Karma determines lot (caste) of soul in next life, so be good in this one!


History british rule

History British Rule

  • 1000-1500s Islam introduced

    • Mughal Dynasty balances tension

  • 1600 British East India Company est. trade

    • Encourage rivalries

    • Outlaw Hindu practices

    • High taxes on farmers

    • Treaties expand power

  • 1857 Sepoy Rebellion

    • Becomes direct rule colony


Impact british rule

  • Drawbacks

    • Industry declines, cash crops = less food, dependence on GB

  • Positives

    • Language, railroad & telegraph system, health care & sanitation, education, form of government

Impact British Rule


Indian nationalism

Indian Nationalism

  • 1885: Indian National Congress

    • Shared governance

  • 1906: Muslim League

    • Muhammad Ali Jinnah

  • 1919: Amritsar Massacre

    • Public gathering Sikh temple

  • 20s & 30s tension b/t religions grows


Gandhi

Gandhi

  • Takes Over INC

    • Home Rule (1920s)

    • “Satyagraha” – Civil Disobedience

      • Boycotts

      • Great Salt March (1930)

    • 1939 “Quit India” Mvmt

      • No help WW2 w/o independence


The partition

The Partition

  • 8-15-1947 Indian Independence Act

    • Hindu India (Jawaharlal Nehru)

    • Muslim Pakistan - E & W (Mohammed Ali Jinnah)

  • Explosion of violence & mass migration

  • 1948 Gandhi assassinated

  • 3 Wars Since

    • Bangladesh 1971

    • Nuclear Powers “98


India s government

India’s Government

  • 1949 Constitution

    • Parliament (Prime Minister) & President

  • Jawaharlal Nehru INC

    • 1947-1964

    • Modernization (Industry & Agriculture)

  • Indira Gandhi INC

    • 1966-77, 80- 84

    • Assassinated 1984

  • Rajiv Gandhi INC

    • 1984 – 1991

  • BJP-led coalition govt 1990s.

    • Atal Vajpayee 98-04

  • Manmohan Singh INC

    • 2004 - Present


India today reading jigsaw

India Today Reading Jigsaw

  • A Tale of 2 India’s

  • India at a Crossroads

  • India’s Raucous Rise

  • Read & Answer Questions

  • Share main ideas from each article.


Closure

Why didn’t the partition of India bring a lasting peace?

Closure


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