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AP Government Test Review & Procedures. Scoring. 120 points total 90-120 75% 5 75-89 62% 4 60-74 50% 3 36-59 30% 2 0-35 29% 1. Curriculum Outline. Constitution & Federalism 5-15% Political Beliefs & Public Opinion, & Voting 10-20% Parties, Interest Groups, Media 10-20%

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scoring
Scoring
  • 120 points total
  • 90-120 75% 5
  • 75-89 62% 4
  • 60-74 50% 3
  • 36-59 30% 2
  • 0-35 29% 1
curriculum outline
Curriculum Outline
  • Constitution & Federalism 5-15%
  • Political Beliefs & Public Opinion, & Voting 10-20%
  • Parties, Interest Groups, Media 10-20%
  • 3 Branches of Govt. and Bureaucracy 35-45%
  • Public Policy & The Budget 5-15%
  • Civil Liberties & Civil Rights 5-15%
multiple choice
Multiple Choice
  • 60 Questions – 1 point each
  • 45 Minutes
  • 50% of total Test grade
  • No penalty for wrong answers (OK to guess)
free response
Free Response
  • 4 Free Response Questions
    • Each worth 15 points
  • 100 Minutes Total
    • 25 minutes for each question
  • 50% of grade
  • Do not write a thesis
  • Answer question clearly and directly
  • You can add a “spare tire”
    • If the question asks for two examples or reasons you can give 3
    • The reader is required to read all of them and give credit for the best 2
free response1
Free Response
  • 1. Read the ENTIRE Question Carefully. If the question is split up, answer it in the same manner (ex. Question A, Question B, etc...)
  • 2. Make sure you directly answer the question asked. If the question asks for Multiple Answers then GIVE multiple answers /examples, characteristics, etc...
  • 3. Don\'t cater to only one ideology or philosophy. Just answer the question.
  • 4. Be to the POINT and CONCISE-don\'t get lost in the words (Usually 1 page is enough!)
  • 5. Think back to the Multiple Choice Part- was there anything in there you can use?
  • 6. Answer EVERY Question and completely as possible. DO NOT Give up on any question You may score a few points for trying! (Use the Spare Tire if needed!)
  • 7. Black INK is easiest for Readers to read your essay! No pencils please.
the incumbency advantage
The Incumbency Advantage
  • Single most important factor in determining the outcome of congressional elections
    • Pork barrel
    • Franking privilege
    • gerrymandering
federalism
Federalism
  • Power divided between central governments and regional governments
  • Federal government prevails when there is conflict
    • Necessary & Proper clause
    • Commerce clause
    • Federal mandates
      • All have increased the power of the Federal government relative to the states
  • Process of Amending the Constitution illustrates structure of American Government
selection of supreme court justices
Selection of Supreme Court Justices
  • By President
    • w/ majority vote of Senate
  • Judicial Restraint
    • Use framers of the Constitutions\'’ original intent when deciding cases
  • Judicial Activism
    • Supreme Court must correct injustices when other branches fail to do so
the electoral college
The Electoral College
  • President not elected directly by people
  • Must receive majority of electoral votes
  • Winner Take All System
    • Candidate who wins a plurality of votes get all state’s electoral votes
  • Difficult for 3rd Parties
  • If there is a tie
    • House decides the President
african american voting patterns
African American Voting Patterns
  • Vote predominantly democratic
  • Support more liberal candidates
voter turnout
Voter Turnout
  • U.S. is lower than most Western democracies
  • Majority don’t vote in nonpresidential elections
  • More education = More voting
  • More income = More voting
  • Older = More Voting
  • Women vote more than men
divided government
Divided Government
  • President & Congress from different parties
  • Slows legislative process
  • More partisanship
  • President can use media to gain support
the veto power
The Veto Power
  • President can Veto a bill
    • Congress can over ride 2/3rds vote
  • Pocket Veto
    • Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill and President does nothing
  • Line Item Veto
    • Ruled unconstitutional
president cabinet
President & Cabinet
  • President appoints Cabinet
    • Need consent of Senate
    • Pres. Can fire Cabinet w/o consent
  • Divided Loyalties
    • Loyal to goals of their department
  • Often difficulty in controlling Cabinet
    • Form Iron Triangles with interest groups & congressional committees
the federalist papers
The Federalist Papers
  • Federalist 10
    • Madison
    • Political factions undesirable but inevitable
    • A large republic would fragment political power and curb the threat posed by factions
14 th amendment selective incorporation
14th Amendment & Selective Incorporation
  • Made African Americans citizens
    • Voided Dred Scot decision
  • Due Process Clause
    • Forbids states from acting in an unfair way
  • Equal Protection Clause
    • Forbids a state from discriminating against or drawing unreasonable distinctions between persons
  • Selective Incorporation
    • Uses 14th Amendment to extend most of the Bill or Rights to states
political socialization
Political Socialization
  • Political values are formed and passed from one generation the next
  • Family is the most important agent
critical election
Critical Election
  • When groups of voters change their traditional patterns of party loyalty
  • Triggers party realignment
selection of supreme court cases
Selection of Supreme Court Cases
  • Nearly all cases reach S.C. by a writ of certiorari
  • Rule of Four
  • Refuses to hear most lower court appeals
the mass media
The Mass Media
  • Affects which issues public things are important
  • Horse Race Journalism
    • Media focuses on polls, personalities, and sound bits
    • Instead of key issues
articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation
  • Weak central government that had limited power over the states
  • Created a unicameral Congress
  • Lacked power to levy taxes or regulate interstate trade
the role of state legislatures
The Role of State Legislatures
  • In the Original Constitution
    • Chose U.S. Senators
    • Change with 17th Amendment
      • Now elected by the people of each state
  • State Legislatures
    • Determine boundary lines of congressional districts
  • State Legislature
    • Ratify amendments by a 3/4ths vote of the states
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